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    27531 research outputs found

    Karma Pakshi - The Second Karmapa, His Life, Teachings and Meditations

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    Broken promises and transoceanic fragments: Japanese tango musicians in Manchuria, 1935–46

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    This article examines the personal experiences and memories of Japanese tango musicians in Manchuria in the years leading up to and immediately after the Second World War, revealing the tensions between migration and movement, on the one hand, and memory and loss, on the other. By engaging with the ideas surrounding tairiku (‘continents’) in early to mid-twentieth century Japan, this article moves away from triangulating the transoceanic movements of Japanese tango musicians and musical commodities across Japan, China and Latin America at this time. Instead, it considers such movements as the sonic manifestation of the island/continent dichotomy that framed Japanese maritime thinking in the first half of the twentieth century. Consequently, in offering a Japan-reflexive scholarship for the study and writing of global music histories, this article argues for the need to move beyond a geo-oceanic approach in examining transoceanic circulations

    The First Anglo-Burmese War

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    In March 1824 the East India Company declared war on Burma, the opening salvo in a series of conflicts that would see one empire fall, another expand and leave divisive wounds still felt today

    Defaulting on Development and Climate: Debt Sustainability and the Race for the 2030 Agenda and Paris Agreement

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    In this report we perform an enhanced global external debt sustainability analysis to estimate the extent to which EMDEs can mobilize the G20 independent Expert Group recommended levels of external financing without jeopardizing debt sustainability. We find that among 66 of the most economically vulnerable countries, 47 countries with a total population of over 1.11 billion people will face insolvency problems in the next five years as they seek to ramp up investment to meet climate and development goals. Debt relief must be administered for these countries to stand a chance to invest in a climate-resilient future and achieve their development aspirations

    Rethinking the migration state: historicising, decolonising, and disaggregating

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    This essay (re-) introduces the concept of the migration state and its significance for migration studies in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, discussing its intellectual history and relationship to Hollifield’s wider body of work. The authors lay out the main features of the ideal-typical liberal democratic migration state before discussing the extent to which it can be used to describe and theorise a wider variety of migration states, paying attention to the particularities of state development across different cases and regions, but also looking forward to how imperial and colonial legacies may shape future state responses to managing migration and mobility. Drawing on the individual contributions to this special issue, we suggest three theoretical and conceptual moves that can enrich our understanding of contemporary migration states: historicisation, decolonisation, and disaggregation. We discuss how the articles in this special issue engage with the migration state concept in ways that incorporate developments in migration studies over the past twenty years, using the concept to push the field in new temporal and comparative directions that open up the possibility of a more global approach to understanding migration. The essay concludes by looking at the future of the migration state and suggests areas for further research

    Sustainable future bonds: Boosting multilateral development banks lending and improving the global reserve system

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    Multilateral development banks (MDBs) are crucial players to finance a greener, more socially inclusive and sustainable future, given their unique financial model that provides low‐cost and long‐term investments in areas aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris Climate commitments. To fulfill their potential, MDBs need a stepwise increase in financing, which has been a challenge given the reluctance of their shareholders to provide additional paid‐in capital. We present a novel proposal for MDB hybrid capital that is designed to boost MDB funding while supplying the international reserve system with a new safe asset, the Sustainable Future Bonds (SFB). Under the SFB proposal, a tiny fraction of the global foreign reserves would be rechanneled to MDBs, and given liquidity enhanced mechanisms, SFB would serve as an additional safe reserve asset for central banks' portfolios. As our conservative estimation shows, by deploying just 0.5 percent of global foreign reserves for the Sustainable Future Bonds, at least 45billionperyearinfreshcapitaltoMDBswouldbemobilized.Atthatpace,by2030,MDBswillhave45 billion per year in fresh capital to MDBs would be mobilized. At that pace, by 2030, MDBs will have 360 billion in capital injections, which, depending on their leverage capacity, could result in new lending from 1.6trillionto1.6 trillion to 1.9 trillion

    Introduction: Jews and Judaism in Late Antiquity

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    By focusing on Jews and Judaism in late antiquity, this Handbook fills a gap left by other volumes that deal with early Byzantine Christianity only. Jews interacted and competed with pagans and Christians and experienced a number of significant developments between the third and seventh centuries, which marks this period as a time of transition from antiquity to the Middle Ages: the emergence of synagogues as religious centers of local communities, the increasing significance of rabbinic Judaism and the compilation of rabbinic documents, the consolidation of Jewish Diaspora communities, and the expansion of rabbinic Judaism to Sasanian Persia (Babylonia), which eventually topped Byzantine Palestine in its importance for the development and survival of Judaism

    Longing, Loss, and Regret Beyond the Borders of a Malaysian Oil Palm Plantation

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    South African Manufacturing: The challenge of growth with jobs

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    This paper evaluates South African manufacturing performance over 25 years. It reports the evolution of five basic variables: employment, mark-ups, exports, domestic sales, and investment, using an aggregated sample of firms from a reliable business database. The approach differs from other economic models by the complementary use of management perceptions in estimated equations.The results reinforce some previous findings; for example, wage pressure tends to constrain domestic sales while the relative wage incentivizes capital investment. The exchange rate matters for exports and investment is constrained by skill shortages. Other findings add evidence to contested issues such as the importance of the interest rate level for investment and exchange rate stability for export growth. Relationships between key variables can help to identify growth constraints and the potential for manufacturing jobs. In particular, the lack of transmission from exports to employment or to domestic sales and the response of the mark-up to investment suggest institutional failures in coordinating market activity

    Curiosity, Loot and Art: A Brief History of Collecting Chinese objects in the West

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