Effects of the complex mass distribution of dark matter halos on weak lensing cluster surveys


Gravitational lensing effects arise from the light ray deflection by all of the mass distribution along the line of sight. It is then expected that weak lensing cluster surveys can provide us true mass-selected cluster samples. With numerical simulations, we analyze the correspondence between peaks in the lensing convergence κ\kappa-map and dark matter halos. Particularly we emphasize the difference between the peak κ\kappa value expected from a dark matter halo modeled as an isolated and spherical one, which exhibits a one-to-one correspondence with the halo mass at a given redshift, and that of the associated κ\kappa-peak from simulations. For halos with the same expected κ\kappa, their corresponding peak signals in the κ\kappa-map present a wide dispersion. At an angular smoothing scale of θG=1arcmin\theta_G=1\hbox{arcmin}, our study shows that for relatively large clusters, the complex mass distribution of individual clusters is the main reason for the dispersion. The projection effect of uncorrelated structures does not play significant roles. The triaxiality of dark matter halos accounts for a large part of the dispersion, especially for the tail at high κ\kappa side. Thus lensing-selected clusters are not really mass-selected. (abridged)Comment: ApJ accepte

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