Lavrentiev Phenomenon in Microstructure Theory


A variational problem arising as a model in martensitic phase transformation including surface energy is studied. It explains the complex, multi-dimensional pattern of twin branching which is often observed in a martensitic phase near the austenite interface. We prove that a Lavrentiev phenomenon can occur if the domain is a rectangle. We show that this phenomenon disappears under arbitrarily small shears of the domain. We also prove that other perturbations of the problem lead to an extinction of the Lavrentiev phenomenon

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