17,655 research outputs found

    Bildung in der digitalen Transformation

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    Die Coronapandemie und der durch sie erzwungene zeitweise ├ťbergang von Pr├Ąsenz- zu Distanzlehre haben die Digitalisierung des Bildungswesens enorm vorangetrieben. Noch deutlicher als vorher traten dabei positive wie negative Aspekte dieser Entwicklung zum Vorschein. W├Ąhrend den Hochschulen der Wechsel mit vergleichsweise geringen Reibungsverlusten gelang, offenbarten sich diese an Schulen weitaus deutlicher. Trotz aller Widrigkeiten erscheint eines klar: Die zeitweisen Ver├Ąnderungen werden Nachwirkungen zeigen. Eine v├Âllige R├╝ckkehr zum Status quo ante ist kaum noch vorstellbar. Zwei Fragen bestimmen vor diesem Hintergrund die Doppelgesichtigkeit des Themas der 29. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft f├╝r Medien in der Wissenschaft (GMW). Erstens: Wie ÔÇÜfunktioniertÔÇś Bildung in der sich derzeit ereignenden digitalen Transformation und welche Herausforderungen gibt es? Und zweitens: Befindet sich m├Âglicherweise Bildung selbst in der Transformation? Beitr├Ąge zu diesen und weiteren Fragen vereint der vorliegende Tagungsband

    Listening Section of the Simulated Toefl Test: Semantic and Pragmatic Context Analysis

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    Language users are impacted by sociolinguistic factors like semantics and pragmatics in every circumstance. Even in a proficiency test, those two contexts are present because they serve as the test's framework. In order to identify the semantic and pragmatic settings in the TOEFL test simulation for the Listening component, research was done. In this study, the researcher used a qualitative descriptive strategy, using document analysis as the instrument. The study's focus was the FORUM TENTOR INDONESIA publication TOP NO.┬á 1TOEFL SIMULATION. The outcome demonstrates that different kinds of semantic and pragmatic context were present in the test simulation. In 8 of the 30 questions that were analyzed, there were semantic contexts. Semantic contexts of three different typesÔÇömeaning, semantic feature, and semantic rolesÔÇöwere discovered. Semantic Roles (4 Questions), Semantic Feature (2 Questions), and Meaning are the other predominant semantic types (2 Questions). The Pragmatic context quantities, however, are more prevalent than the Semantic context. Because one test item can contain multiple types of pragmatic language, 40 questions from the 30 studied items were found to have pragmatic contexts. Additionally, the majority of the pragmatic inquiries were of the Reference type since the narrator of the listening section used referring to formulate the question. Context, Politeness, Reference, and Speech Act are the different types of pragmatic context that can be encountered. Reference-type pragmatic contexts are the most common (25 questions)

    Examples of works to practice staccato technique in clarinet instrument

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    Klarnetin staccato tekni─čini g├╝├žlendirme a┼čamalar─▒ eser ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒yla uygulanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato ge├ži┼člerini h─▒zland─▒racak ritim ve n├╝ans ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒na yer verilmi┼čtir. ├çal─▒┼čman─▒n en ├Ânemli amac─▒ sadece staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒ de─čil parmak-dilin e┼č zamanl─▒ uyumunun hassasiyeti ├╝zerinde de durulmas─▒d─▒r. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒n─▒ daha verimli hale getirmek i├žin eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n i├žinde et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒na da yer verilmi┼čtir. ├çal─▒┼čmalar─▒n ├╝zerinde titizlikle durulmas─▒ staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n ilham verici etkisi ile m├╝zikal kimli─če yeni bir boyut kazand─▒rm─▒┼čt─▒r. Sekiz ├Âzg├╝n eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n her a┼čamas─▒ anlat─▒lm─▒┼čt─▒r. Her a┼čaman─▒n bir sonraki performans ve tekni─či g├╝├žlendirmesi esas al─▒nm─▒┼čt─▒r. Bu ├žal─▒┼čmada staccato tekni─činin hangi alanlarda kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒, nas─▒l sonu├žlar elde edildi─či bilgisine yer verilmi┼čtir. Notalar─▒n parmak ve dil uyumu ile nas─▒l ┼čekillenece─či ve nas─▒l bir ├žal─▒┼čma disiplini i├žinde ger├žekle┼čece─či planlanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Kam─▒┼č-nota-diyafram-parmak-dil-n├╝ans ve disiplin kavramlar─▒n─▒n staccato tekni─činde ayr─▒lmaz bir b├╝t├╝n oldu─ču saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Ara┼čt─▒rmada literat├╝r taramas─▒ yap─▒larak staccato ile ilgili ├žal─▒┼čmalar taranm─▒┼čt─▒r. Tarama sonucunda klarnet tekni─čin de kullan─▒lan staccato eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n az oldu─ču tespit edilmi┼čtir. Metot taramas─▒nda da et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n daha ├žok oldu─ču saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. B├Âylelikle klarnetin staccato tekni─čini h─▒zland─▒rma ve g├╝├žlendirme ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒ sunulmu┼čtur. Staccato et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒ yap─▒l─▒rken, araya eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n girmesi beyni rahatlatt─▒─č─▒ ve isteklili─či daha artt─▒rd─▒─č─▒ g├Âzlemlenmi┼čtir. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒ yaparken do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žimi ├╝zerinde de durulmu┼čtur. Staccato tekni─čini do─čru ├žal─▒┼čmak i├žin do─čru bir kam─▒┼č─▒n dil h─▒z─▒n─▒ artt─▒rd─▒─č─▒ saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žimi kam─▒┼čtan rahat ses ├ž─▒kmas─▒na ba─čl─▒d─▒r. Kam─▒┼č, dil atma g├╝c├╝n├╝ vermiyorsa daha do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žiminin yap─▒lmas─▒ gereklili─či vurgulanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒nda ba┼čtan sona bir eseri yorumlamak zor olabilir. Bu a├ž─▒dan ├žal─▒┼čma, verilen m├╝zikal n├╝anslara uyman─▒n, dil at─▒┼č performans─▒n─▒ rahatlatt─▒─č─▒n─▒ ortaya koymu┼čtur. Gelecek nesillere edinilen bilgi ve birikimlerin aktar─▒lmas─▒ ve geli┼čtirici olmas─▒ te┼čvik edilmi┼čtir. ├ç─▒kacak eserlerin nas─▒l ├ž├Âz├╝lece─či, staccato tekni─činin nas─▒l ├╝stesinden gelinebilece─či anlat─▒lm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato tekni─činin daha k─▒sa s├╝rede ├ž├Âz├╝me kavu┼čturulmas─▒ ama├ž edinilmi┼čtir. Parmaklar─▒n yerlerini ├Â─čretti─čimiz kadar belle─čimize de ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒n kaydedilmesi ├Ânemlidir. G├Âsterilen azmin ve sabr─▒n sonucu olarak ortaya ├ž─▒kan yap─▒t ba┼čar─▒y─▒ daha da yukar─▒ seviyelere ├ž─▒karacakt─▒r

    Participation and deliberative discourse on social media ÔÇô Wikipedia talk pages as transnational public spheres?

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    This paper focuses on the potential societal function of Wikipedia beyond serving as an encyclopedia. That is, it assesses both theoretically and empirically whether talk pages (TP) ÔÇô Wikipedia discussion sites that accompany the encyclopedic entries and provide spaces for debates among Wikipedia editors ÔÇô may function as transnational public spheres. Despite the increasing number of studies on citizen engagement and participation in the age of social media, Wikipedia as an example of the participatory internet has received little research attention in this regard. This study redresses this research gap in two steps. Drawing on HabermasÔÇÖ concept of the public sphere and Fraser's and Eriksen's modifications thereof, Wikipedia's ÔÇô specifically the TPsÔÇÖ ÔÇô modus operandi is explored to evaluate whether TPs may serve as spaces for transnational political opinion formation. This theoretical exploration is complemented with an empirical assessment of a TP dedicated to the EU. The case study addresses if/to what degree Wikipedia editors have appropriated the TP to function as a transnational public sphere. Findings indicate that Wikipedia TPs can ÔÇô and do ÔÇô serve as general transnational public spheres

    Queer spies in British Cold War culture: literature, film, theatre and television

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    This PhD thesis investigates how male homosexuality has been represented in British spy fiction from the 1950s to the 2010s in multiple media: literature, film, television and theatre. Due mainly to the betrayal of the Cambridge Spy ring around the middle of the century, British culture has associated spies with homosexuality, while the wider Anglophone world was in the grip of a homophobic atmosphere created by McCarthy's Red Scare. My thesis explores how this history is reflected in the spy genre from the Cold War to the present, in which male homosexuality and secret agency intersect as ÔÇťqueerÔÇŁ, in so far as they were both considered to be discreet and criminal, existing outside of the heteronormative order. By following multiple texts across media and time, I discuss how some writers, television and film directors and actors update queer identity in spy fiction, creating a shifting image of queer spies through decades. I refer to the findings of adaptation studies and queer studies, along with numerous studies on spy fiction. I conclude that the interrelation of different media has contributed to the re-drawing of queer identity in spy fiction. These developments have enabled the spies' queer identity to transcend its pejorative history in British culture, towards its more flexible and pliant sense which is designated by the term's modern usage. I also discuss that spiesÔÇÖ homosexuality has been represented as a fleeting ghost in most of the texts examined, hovering on the margins of pages and screen. Although homosexuality is not ÔÇťthe love that dare not speak its nameÔÇŁ anymore, clandestine queer spies have been preserved as spectral others in the genre for many years. Spy fiction is a cultural repository retaining the memory of violence inflicted against those who have been called ÔÇťqueerÔÇŁ in twentieth century Britain, and the spectral nature of queer spies narrates this history reaching back to the Oscar Wilde trial in 1895, from which point British queer identity as we know now developed. This thesis benefits the study of spy fiction by filling a gap in the investigation of homosexual representation. It also contributes to the field of gender studies of literature, film, television, and theatre by illustrating queer history in a genre which has not received a great deal of focus on its representation of homosexuality. Spy fiction occupies a central position in British popular culture, and by exploring this genre in terms of homosexuality, this research will identify the role which same-sex desire has historically played in the British cultural imagination

    Supernatural crossing in Republican Chinese fiction, 1920sÔÇô1940s

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    This dissertation studies supernatural narratives in Chinese fiction from the mid-1920s to the 1940s. The literary works present phenomena or elements that are or appear to be supernatural, many of which remain marginal or overlooked in Sinophone and Anglophone academia. These sources are situated in the May Fourth/New Culture ideological context, where supernatural narratives had to make way for the progressive intellectualsÔÇÖ literary realism and their allegorical application of supernatural motifs. In the face of realism, supernatural narratives paled, dismissed as impractical fantasies that distract one from facing and tackling real life. Nevertheless, I argue that the supernatural narratives do not probe into another mystical dimension that might co-exist alongside the empirical world. Rather, they imagine various cases of the charactersÔÇÖ crossing to voice their discontent with contemporary society or to reflect on the notion of reality. ÔÇťCrossingÔÇŁ relates to charactersÔÇÖ acts or processes of trespassing the boundary that separates the supernatural from the conventional natural world, thus entailing encounters and interaction between the natural and the supernatural. The dissertation examines how crossing, as a narrative device, disturbs accustomed and mundane situations, releases hidden tensions, and discloses repressed truths in Republican fiction. There are five types of crossing in the supernatural narratives. Type 1 is the crossing into ÔÇťhauntedÔÇŁ houses. This includes (intangible) human agency crossing into domestic spaces and revealing secrets and truths concealed by the scary, feigned ÔÇśhauntingÔÇÖ, thus exposing the hidden evil and the other house occupiersÔÇÖ silenced, suffocated state. Type 2 is men crossing into female ghostsÔÇÖ apparitional residences. The female ghosts allude to heart-breaking, traumatic experiences in socio-historical reality, evoking sympathetic concern for suffering individuals who are caught in social upheavals. Type 3 is the crossing from reality into the charactersÔÇÖ delusional/hallucinatory realities. While they physically remain in the empirical world, the charactersÔÇÖ abnormal perceptions lead them to exclusive, delirious, and quasi-supernatural experiences of reality. Their crossings blur the concrete boundaries between the real and the unreal on the mental level: their abnormal perceptions construct a significant, meaningful reality for them, which may be as real as the commonly regarded objective reality. Type 4 is the crossing into the netherworld modelled on the real world in the authorsÔÇÖ observation and bears a spectrum of satirised objects of the Republican society. The last type is immortal visitors crossing into the human world. This type satirises humanityÔÇÖs vices and destructive potential. The primary sources demonstrate their writersÔÇÖ witty passion to play with super--natural notions and imagery (such as ghosts, demons, and immortals) and stitch them into vivid, engaging scenes using techniques such as the gothic, the grotesque, and the satirical, in order to evoke sentiments such as terror, horror, disgust, dis--orientation, or awe, all in service of their insights into realist issues. The works also creatively tailor traditional Chinese modes and motifs, which exemplifies the revival of Republican interest in traditional cultural heritage. The supernatural narratives may amaze or disturb the reader at first, but what is more shocking, unpleasantly nudging, or thought-provoking is the problematic society and peopleÔÇÖs lives that the supernatural (misunderstandings) eventually reveals. They present a more compre--hensive treatment of reality than Republican literature with its revolutionary consciousness surrounding class struggle. The critical perspectives of the supernatural narratives include domestic space, unacknowledged history and marginal individuals, abnormal mentality, and pervasive weaknesses in humanity. The crossing and supernatural narratives function as a means of better understanding the lived reality. This study gathers diverse primary sources written by Republican writers from various educational and political backgrounds and interprets them from a rare perspective, thus filling a research gap. It promotes a fuller view of supernatural narratives in twentieth-century Chinese literature. In terms of reflecting the social and personal reality of the Republican era, the supernatural narratives supplement the realist fiction of the time

    Multiculturalism As a Pedagogical Category of Integrative-Modular Approach in Education

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    The article is devoted to the study of problems of multicultural education, where not all aspects have received the necessary degree of scientific validity, which is reflected in the terminological and conceptual apparatus. The study of the history of the issue allows us to talk about the relevance and complexity of the stated problem. The authors of the article cited six main positions, revealing the complexity of the problem posed by scientists from different countries. And they unanimously agree that the main goal is to provide quality education at all levels to every member of the society. The results of the research and the questioning of the respondents determined the relevance of multicultural knowledge, which is necessary for conducting professional activities in a multicultural environment, taking into account the peculiarities of the socio-cultural situation of development. The students are obliged to know the modern problems of multicultural education, the history of the emergence and formation of the ideas of multicultural education. Methods of comparison and generalization allowed the authors of this article to determine the range of problems of modern multicultural education, which is considered as a means of development of ethnocultural and professional competence. In addition, the results of the respondents' questionnaire on the definition of the tasks and content of multicultural education are given. On the basis of these results, formed by conducting sociological surveys, the directions and conceptual provisions of the ideas of multicultural education in pedagogical science are proposed. The practical significance of the study is aimed at forming the sum of competencies for carrying out professional activities in a multicultural environment

    Neural Natural Language Generation: A Survey on Multilinguality, Multimodality, Controllability and Learning

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    Developing artificial learning systems that can understand and generate natural language has been one of the long-standing goals of artificial intelligence. Recent decades have witnessed an impressive progress on both of these problems, giving rise to a new family of approaches. Especially, the advances in deep learning over the past couple of years have led to neural approaches to natural language generation (NLG). These methods combine generative language learning techniques with neural-networks based frameworks. With a wide range of applications in natural language processing, neural NLG (NNLG) is a new and fast growing field of research. In this state-of-the-art report, we investigate the recent developments and applications of NNLG in its full extent from a multidimensional view, covering critical perspectives such as multimodality, multilinguality, controllability and learning strategies. We summarize the fundamental building blocks of NNLG approaches from these aspects and provide detailed reviews of commonly used preprocessing steps and basic neural architectures. This report also focuses on the seminal applications of these NNLG models such as machine translation, description generation, automatic speech recognition, abstractive summarization, text simplification, question answering and generation, and dialogue generation. Finally, we conclude with a thorough discussion of the described frameworks by pointing out some open research directions.This work has been partially supported by the European Commission ICT COST Action ÔÇťMulti-task, Multilingual, Multi-modal Language GenerationÔÇŁ (CA18231). AE was supported by BAGEP 2021 Award of the Science Academy. EE was supported in part by TUBA GEBIP 2018 Award. BP is in in part funded by Independent Research Fund Denmark (DFF) grant 9063-00077B. IC has received funding from the European UnionÔÇÖs Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No 838188. EL is partly funded by Generalitat Valenciana and the Spanish Government throught projects PROMETEU/2018/089 and RTI2018-094649-B-I00, respectively. SMI is partly funded by UNIRI project uniri-drustv-18-20. GB is partly supported by the Ministry of Innovation and the National Research, Development and Innovation Office within the framework of the Hungarian Artificial Intelligence National Laboratory Programme. COT is partially funded by the Romanian Ministry of European Investments and Projects through the Competitiveness Operational Program (POC) project ÔÇťHOLOTRAINÔÇŁ (grant no. 29/221 ap2/07.04.2020, SMIS code: 129077) and by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) through the project ÔÇťAWAKEN: content-Aware and netWork-Aware faKE News mitigationÔÇŁ (grant no. 91809005). ESA is partially funded by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) through the project ÔÇťDeep-Learning Anomaly Detection for Human and Automated Users BehaviorÔÇŁ (grant no. 91809358)
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