260 research outputs found

    Integrated Antenna for Multiband Multi-national Wireless Combined with GSM1800/PCS1900/IMT2000 + Extension

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    A printed triple-band monopole antenna appropriate for use as a terminal antenna in modern wireless multiband systems is proposed. The impedance bandwidth of each band has been optimised using a quasi-Newton technique and the bandwidth includes virtually all wireless bands. Various parameter sweeps are presented which improve our understanding of the antenna, in particular, the effect of groundplane-size and branch-off point on impedance bandwidth and radiation pattern

    Small Patch/Slot Antenna with 53% Input Impedance Bandwidth

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    A small microstrip patch/slot antenna, which achieves a very large bandwidth on a relatively thin substrate (about 0.01lambda0), is presented. The performance is achieved by employing a combination of annular-ring loading on the patch radiator and the use of a crossed-slot for miniaturisation. An additional ring-slot in the ground plane is used to produce the wideband characteristics of the antenna. Simulated and measured results indicate that a 53% fractional impedance bandwidth is achieved with respect to the centre frequency of 1.409 GHz and the size of the antenna is reduced by 50% compared to the conventional circular patch antenna with respect to a given frequenc

    Antenna Optimization with a Computationally Efficient Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm

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    An efficient multiobjective evolutionary algorithm is described for optimizing a novel spline based printed monopole antenna. The antenna geometry is based on spline outlines. Both radiating element and groundplane are simultaneously optimized by the algorithm. The resulting antenna performance is evaluated. It is shown that the evolutionary algorithm and the spline geometry can be used to efficiently generate ultrawideband antennas on limited computing resources

    Low-cost Multimode Patch Antenna for Dual MIMO and Enhanced Localization Use

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    This paper proposes a simple, low-cost multi-mode patch antenna combining good MIMO performance with precise Angle of Arrival (AoA) estimation. The AoA is based on the monopulse antenna concept, however, unlike in radar applications, the necessity for complex circuitry is replaced by the intrinsic properties of even and odd resonant patch modes. This capability is advantageous for future ‚ÄúInternet of Things‚ÄĚ antennas, embedded into low-cost and size-constrained devices. The envelope correlation coefficient, measured in an anechoic chamber, is below 1.5 %, ensuring good MIMO performance. An exemplary addition to localization algorithm exploiting antenna properties is demonstrated

    A Compact Shorted Printed Monopole Antenna for TV White Space Trials

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    This paper presents a compact shorted printed monopole antenna for machine-to-machine, remote sensing and rural wireless applications in the TV whitespace band from 470 MHz to 862 MHz. The antennas performance in this operating band is demonstrated

    Spline Based Geometry for Printed Monopole Antennas

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    A novel Bezier spline-based geometry for printed monopole antennas is presented. Quadratic curves are used to describe the outline of the radiating element. The geometry is optimised by a genetic algorithm. A small number of control points are used to define the geometry, ensuring a small search space for the GA. The resulting antenna has an impedance bandwidth from 1.44 to 14.7 GH

    Printed Circularly-Polarized Antenna with Ultra-Wide Axial-Ratio Bandwidth

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    A circularly polarised printed dipole-like antenna employing asymmetrical arms and an orthogonal slit in the ground plane is presented. It is fed by a stepped microstrip line which connects to the shorter arm. By utilising surface currents on the asymmetrical arms and the orthogonal feedline structure, circular polarisation is realised. Experimental and numerical data are in agreement and the measured results show a fractional impedance bandwidth of 41.3% (1.77‚Äď2.69 GHz) and a wide axial-ratio bandwidth of 38.4% (1.81‚Äď2.67 GHz)

    Optimization of Impedance Bandwidth for the Printed Rectangular Monopole Antenna

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    This paper describes a printed rectangular-plate monopole fed by microstrip line. The effect of varying the plate width, feed-gap height, and feedline width on the impedance bandwidth is examined. It is shown that for a fixed ground-plane size, that optimization of these parameters can yield an impedance bandwidth ratio of 4.3:1, without using any broadbanding techniques

    Wideband Printed Monopole Design Using a Genetic Algorithm

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    A method for the design and optimisation of wide-band printed planar monopoles using a genetic algorithm is presented. This novel technique employs overlapping sub-patches which ensures electrical contact in such constellations where two sub-patches are touching only at the corner, hence re-ducing losses. The method was usd optimisation of wide-band printed planar monopoles using a genetic algorithm is presented. This novel technique employs overlapping sub-patches which ensures electrical contact in such constellations where two sub-patches are touching only at the corner, hence re-ducing losses. The method was used to design a wideband monopole antenna with application in higher cellular, WLAN and UWB. Furthermore, the technique is modified for multi-goal optimisation to achieve multiple bands and reduce the lower edge frequencyed to design a wideband monopole antenna with application in higher cellular, WLAN and UWB. Furthermore, the technique is modified for multi-goal optimisation to achieve multiple bands and reduce the lower edge frequency. The best solutions were prototyped and a full experimental evaluation was made

    Reconfigurable Antenna with Elevation and Azimuth Beam Switching

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    A reconfigurable microstrip antenna is proposed for low-cost adaptive beam-switching applications. A small patch-slot-ring structure is used as the radiating element where an asymmetrical arrangement of p-i-n diodes is employed to switch the pattern in four directions. The antenna provides pattern switching of 65¬į and 45¬į in its fundamental mode for the elevation and azimuth planes, respectively. By maintaining the resonant frequency and beamwidth as relatively constant, beam switching is realized using a single feed point
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