120 research outputs found

    A Novel Small Sierpenski Antennas

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    In This paper, new small antenna is described and it is designed to be used in RFID applications at microwave frequencies. This structure represents a new version of sierpenski antenna. The reduction of size by more than 75% gives this patch a great inters.  Two equivalent resonant models are presented based on a model of triangular and sierpenski patch antennas.DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v3i4.258

    A Circuit Model to a Directive Triangular EBG Antenna

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    In This paper, we propose a directive triangular EBG antenna. This approach is derived from using an EBG surface near to a triangular patch with two grilles. The antenna frequency chosen is the 2.45GHz. The directive antenna is simulated by using HFSS and Electrical model. This proposed antenna presents a very high directivity

    A Circuit Model to an Encoche Coplanar Antenna for a Radio Frequency Identification TAG

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    In this paper, Miniature Encoche Coplanar antennas are proposed. Tovalidate our structure and to develop an analytic method to determine thegeometry parameters, the Lumped theory is used. The proposed structure issimulated using ADS and then Compared to the electrical Model. Theproposed circuit has the same resonant aspect when comparing to theEncoche antenna with a much reduced simulation time. The compactcoplanar antenna has a box with a size of 36*52*0.2 mm3. This antenna willbe designed to an RFID TAG that resonates on 2.45 GHz.DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v3i3.257

    Optimization of PCR Conditions to Amplify Microsatellite Loci in Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) Genomic DNA

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    A total of three different primer pairs were optimized for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify microsatellite loci in total genomic DNA of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). Different concentrations of MgCl2, DNA and different regimes of annealing temperature were optimized. For all the primer pairs, 2.5 mM MgCl2 concentration was found optimum. For DNA concentration, 100 ng in the final reaction volume was suitable for good amplification. Annealing temperatures 56°C, 61°C and 58°C were found optimum to amplify with primer pairs VVMD5, scu04vv and VMC8E6, respectively. The other reagents used in PCR and temperature regimes (denaturation and extension temperature) were kept constant. The protocol has been successfully applied producing scorable and clear amplicons in all cultivars studied. These loci can be used to evaluate the genetic variability and cultivar relatedness in autochthonous Vitis vinifera cultivars from Tunisia

    Genomic DNA extraction method from pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) leaves

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    DNA extraction is difficult in a variety of plants because of the presence of metabolites that interfere with DNA isolation procedures and downstream applications such as DNA restriction, amplification, and cloning. Here we describe a modified procedure based on the hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) method to isolate DNA from tissues containing high levels of polysaccharides. The procedure is applicable to both dry and fresh leaves of Pennisetum glaucum. This modified CTAB (2%) protocol include the use of 1.4 M NaCl, 1% polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), 1% &#946-mercaptoethanol and 100% ethanol in the extraction as well as reducing the centrifugation times during the separation and precipitation of the DNA. This method solved the problems of DNA degradation, contamination, and low yield due to binding and/or coprecipitation with starches and polysaccharides. The isolated DNA proved amenable to PCR amplification and restriction digestion. The technique is fast, reproducible, and can be applied for SSR-PCR markers identification.Key words:Pennisetum glaucum, genomic DNA isolation, leaves. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 4 (8), pp. 862-86

    A Modified Fractal Bow Tie Antenna for an RFID Reader

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    In this paper, fractal Bowtie antennas are proposed. To validate our structure and to develop an analytic method to determine the geometry parameters, the Lumped theory is used. The proposed structure is simulated using CST Microwave Studio and then Compared to the electrical Model. The proposed circuit has the same resonant aspect when comparing to the Bowtie antenna with a much reduced simulation time. The Bowtie antenna has a box with a size of   44 *80 *1.5 mm3. This antenna will be designed to an RFID Reader that resonates on 2.45 GHz.DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v4i3.565

    An electrical model to design a Metamaterial Left Hand Antenna

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    This paper proposes a novel approach to study the Left hand antenna using an adequate electrical model. The structure is composed by a periodic Split Ring Resonator and a metallic wires, that’s why the proposed model take into consideration the model of each element and the coupling between the element. Due to the complexity of the structure, the model becomes very important because it’s simple, accurate and a very fast. Besides, once the model is built, it will be easy to control the structure with any change in the structure, the excitation, the substrate. The proposed antenna was manufactured on a FR-4 epoxy. The antenna is designed to RFID application, exactly for an RFID Reader. The antenna presents a significant gain superior to 16dB, and it is designed to simulate at 2.45 GHz

    Phytochemical content, antioxidant potential, and fatty acid composition of dried Tunisian fig (Ficus carica L.) cultivars

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    This study reports the main phenolic compounds, as well as phenolic profiles and antioxidant activity in nine sun-dried fig cultivars with different skin color, originating from South-Eastern and Middle-Eastern Tunisia. For all evaluated parameters, a considerable variability with high significant differences was observed among the cultivars studied. Dark fruits exhibited a higher total polyphenol contents (201.77 mg GAE/100g DM in cultivar Saoudi Douiret) compared to green fruits (73.74 mg GAE/100g DM in cultivar Bayoudhi Douiret). Fatty acid methyl esters, identified by GC-MS, distinguished the presence of (C16: 0), (C18: 1), ((C18: 2) 9, 12), ((C18: 3) 9, 12, 15) and (C20: 0). Strong correlations between the amounts of total phenolics, phenolic acids, flavonoids, fatty acids and antioxidant capacity were found. A principal component analysis showed three groups of cultivars regarding their similarity level

    Les études moléculaires sur le palmier dattier (Phoenix dactylifera L.) : Article de synthèse.

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    Le palmier dattier possède certaines caractéristiques qui en font des organismes difficiles à étudier pour la localisation et l’identification des gènes. L’amélioration de la productivité, la qualité du fruit et la résistance aux stress biotiques et abiotiques est le principal objectif des analyses moléculaires chez le palmier dattier. Dans ce papier, nous examinons les progrès considérables dans ce domaine et leur état. On a passé en revue les progrès des études de la génomique chez le palmier dattier afin de fournir une référence utile aux chercheurs travaillant dans ce domaine. Le progrès des techniques moléculaires facilitera les programmes d'amélioration au moyen de la sélection moléculair
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