43,229 research outputs found

### Topological Response Theory of Abelian Symmetry-Protected Topological Phases in Two Dimensions

It has been shown that the symmetry-protected topological (SPT) phases with
finite Abelian symmetries can be described by Chern-Simons field theory. We
propose a topological response theory to uniquely identify the SPT orders,
which allows us to obtain a systematic scheme to classify bosonic SPT phases
with any finite Abelian symmetry group. We point out that even for finite
Abelian symmetry, there exist bosonic SPT phases beyond the current
Chern-Simons theory framework. We also apply the theory to fermionic SPT phases
with $\mathbb{Z}_m$ symmetry and find the classification of SPT phases depends
on the parity of $m$: for even $m$ there are $2m$ classes, $m$ out of which is
intrinsically fermionic SPT phases and can not be realized in any bosonic
system. Finally we propose a classification scheme of fermionic SPT phases for
any finite, Abelian symmetry.Comment: published versio

### Non-Divergence of Unipotent Flows on Quotients of Rank One Semisimple Groups

Let $G$ be a semisimple Lie group of rank $1$ and $\Gamma$ be a torsion free
discrete subgroup of $G$. We show that in $G/\Gamma$, given $\epsilon>0$, any
trajectory of a unipotent flow remains in the set of points with injectivity
radius larger than $\delta$ for $1-\epsilon$ proportion of the time for some
$\delta>0$. The result also holds for any finitely generated discrete subgroup
$\Gamma$ and this generalizes Dani's quantitative nondivergence theorem
\cite{D} for lattices of rank one semisimple groups. Furthermore, for a fixed
$\epsilon>0$ there exists an injectivity radius $\delta$ such that for any
unipotent trajectory $\{u_tx\}_{t\in [0,T]}$, either it spends at least
$1-\epsilon$ proportion of the time in the set with injectivity radius larger
than $\delta$ for all large $T>0$ or there exists a
$\{u_t\}_{t\in\mathbb{R}}$-normalized abelian subgroup $L$ of $G$ which
intersects $g\Gamma g^{-1}$ in a small covolume lattice. We also extend these
results when $G$ is the product of rank-$1$ semisimple groups and $\Gamma$ a
discrete subgroup of $G$ whose projection onto each nontrivial factor is
torsion free.Comment: 23 page

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