794 research outputs found

    Unified Description of Efficiency Correction and Error Estimation for Moments of Conserved Quantities in Heavy-Ion Collisions

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    We provide a unified description of efficiency correction and error estimation for moments of conserved quantifies in heavy-ion collisions. Moments and cumulants are expressed in terms of the factorial moments, which can be easily corrected for the efficiency effect. By deriving the covariance between factorial moments, one can obtain the general error formula for the efficiency corrected moments based on the error propagation derived from the Delta theorem. The skellam distribution based Monto Carlo simulation is used to test the Delta theorem and Bootstrap error estimation methods. The statistical errors calculated from the two methods can well reflect the statistical fluctuations of the efficiency corrected moments.Comment: 23 pages, 5 figure

    Proton Cumulants and Correlation Functions in Au + Au Collisions at sNN\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=7.7-200 GeV from UrQMD Model

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    We studied the acceptance dependence of proton cumulants (up to fourth order) and correlation functions in 0--5\% most central Au+Au collisions at sNN\sqrt{s_\text{NN}}=7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4 and 200 GeV from UrQMD model. We found that high order proton cumulants show suppressions at large acceptance. By decomposing the proton cumulants into linear combination of multi-proton correlation functions, we observed the two-proton correlation functions always show negative values due to the effects of baryon number conservations. The three and four-proton correlation functions are close to zero and show negligible acceptance dependence. We further observed that the proton cumulants and correlation functions follow similar trends and show a scaling behavior when plotting the results versus mean number of protons. The comparisons between experimental data and the UrQMD calculations show that the non-monotonic energy dependence of proton correlation functions measured by STAR experiment cannot be described by the UrQMD model. The UrQMD calculations can provide us baselines for the experimental studies of the proton cumulants and correlation functions. Finally, we propose to measure the rapidity dependence of the reduced proton correlation functions to search for the QCD critical point in heavy-ion collisions.Comment: 9 pages, 8 figures, Accepted by Physics Letters
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