8,680 research outputs found

    A Memristor Model with Piecewise Window Function

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    In this paper, we present a memristor model with piecewise window function, which is continuously differentiable and consists of three nonlinear pieces. By introducing two parameters, the shape of this window function can be flexibly adjusted to model different types of memristors. Using this model, one can easily obtain an expression of memristance depending on charge, from which the numerical value of memristance can be readily calculated for any given charge, and eliminate the error occurring in the simulation of some existing window function models

    Interaction induced topological phase transition in Bernevig-Hughes-Zhang model

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    We study interaction induced topological phase transition in Bernevig-Hughes-Zhang model. Topological nature of the phase transition is revealed by directly calculating the Z2 index of the interacting system from the single-particle Green's function. The interacting Z2 index is also consistently checked through the edge spectra. Combined with ab initio methods, present approach is a useful tool searching for correlated topological insulating materials from the first-principle point of view.Comment: 4.5 pages, 4 figures, reference adde

    Thermodynamics of the Mg-B system: Implications for the deposition of MgB2 thin films

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    We have studied thermodynamics of the Mg-B system with the modeling technique CALPHAD using a computerized optimization procedure. Temperature-composition, pressure-composition, and pressure-temperature phase diagrams under different conditions are obtained. The results provide helpful insights into appropriate processing conditions for thin films of the superconducting phase, MgB2, including the identification of the pressure/temperature region for adsorption-controlled growth. Due to the high volatility of Mg, MgB2 is thermodynamically stable only under fairly high Mg overpressures for likely growth temperatures. This constraint places severe temperature constraints on deposition techniques employing high vacuum conditions

    Pole expansion of self-energy and interaction effect on topological insulators

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    We study effect of interactions on time-reversal-invariant topological insulators. Their topological indices are expressed by interacting Green's functions. Under the local self-energy approximation, we connect topological index and surface states of an interacting system to an auxiliary noninteracting system, whose Hamiltonian is related to the pole-expansions of the local self-energy. This finding greatly simplifies the calculation of interacting topological indices and gives an noninteracting pictorial description of interaction driven topological phase transitions. Our results also bridge studies of the correlated topological insulating materials with the practical dynamical-mean-field-theory calculations.Comment: 4.2 pages, 3 figures, reference added, typos correcte

    Nonlinear Near-Field Microwave Microscope For RF Defect Localization in Superconductors

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    Niobium-based Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) cavity performance is sensitive to localized defects that give rise to quenches at high accelerating gradients. In order to identify these material defects on bulk Nb surfaces at their operating frequency and temperature, it is important to develop a new kind of wide bandwidth microwave microscopy with localized and strong RF magnetic fields. By taking advantage of write head technology widely used in the magnetic recording industry, one can obtain ~200 mT RF magnetic fields, which is on the order of the thermodynamic critical field of Nb, on submicron length scales on the surface of the superconductor. We have successfully induced the nonlinear Meissner effect via this magnetic write head probe on a variety of superconductors. This design should have a high spatial resolution and is a promising candidate to find localized defects on bulk Nb surfaces and thin film coatings of interest for accelerator applications.Comment: 4 pages, 6 figures Journal-ref: 2010 Applied Superconductivity Conferenc
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