13,211 research outputs found

    Multirole logic and multiparty channels

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    We identify multirole logic as a new form of logic in which conjunction/disjunction is interpreted as an ultrafilter on the power set of some underlying set (of roles), and the notion of negation is generalized to endomorphisms on this underlying set. In this talk, we present linear multirole logic (LMRL) as a natural generalization of classical linear logic (CLL). Among various meta-properties established for LMRL, we obtain one named multiparty cut-elimination stating that every cut involving one or more sequents (as a generalization of a binary cut involving exactly two sequents) can be eliminated, thus extending the celebrated result of cut-elimination by Gentzen. An immediate application of LMRL can be found in a formulation of session types for channels that support multiparty communication in distributed programming. Guided by LMRL, we give an interesting interpretation to linear multiplicative conjunction/disjunction as session type constructors that encompasses certain seemingly contradictory ones found in the literature

    Retrieving the Size of Deep-subwavelength Objects via Tunable Optical Spin-Orbit Coupling

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    We propose a scheme to retrieve the size parameters of a nano-particle on a glass substrate at a scale much smaller than the wavelength. This is achieved by illuminating the particle using two plane waves to create rich and non-trivial local polarization distributions, and observing the far-field scattering pattern into the substrate. A simple dipole model which exploits tunneling effect of evanescent field into regions beyond the critical angle, as well as directional scattering due to spin-orbit coupling is developed, to relate the particle's shape, size and position to the far-field scattering with remarkable sensitivity. Our method brings about a far-field super-resolution imaging scheme based on the interaction of vectorial light with nanoparticles

    Non-negligible magnetic dipole scattering from metallic nanowire for ultrasensitive deflection sensing

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    It is generally believed that when a single metallic nanowire is sufficiently small, it scatters like a point electric dipole. We show theoretically when a metallic nanowire is placed inside specially designed beams, the non-negligible magnetic dipole contribution along with the electric dipole resonance can lead to unidirectional scattering in the far-field, fulfilling Kerker's condition. Remarkably, this far-field unidirectional scattering encodes information that is highly dependent on the nanowire's deflection at a scale much smaller than the wavelength. The special role of small but non-negligible magnetic response and plasmonic resonance are highlighted for this extreme sensitivity as compared with the dielectric counterpart. Effects such as scattering efficiency and shape of the nanowire's cross section are also discussed.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures. Comments are welcom

    Dynamical Properties of Multi-Armed Global Spirals in Rayleigh-Benard Convection

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    Explicit formulas for the rotation frequency and the long-wavenumber diffusion coefficients of global spirals with mm arms in Rayleigh-Benard convection are obtained. Global spirals and parallel rolls share exactly the same Eckhaus, zigzag and skewed-varicose instability boundaries. Global spirals seem not to have a characteristic frequency Ο‰m\omega_m or a typical size RmR_m, but their product Ο‰mRm\omega_m R_m is a constant under given experimental conditions. The ratio Ri/RjR_i/R_j of the radii of any two dislocations (RiR_i, RjR_j) inside a multi-armed spiral is also predicted to be constant. Some of these results have been tested by our numerical work.Comment: To appear in Phys. Rev. E as Rapid Communication

    Photon-assisted electron transmission resonance through a quantum well with spin-orbit coupling

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    Using the effective-mass approximation and Floquet theory, we study the electron transmission over a quantum well in semiconductor heterostructures with Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling and an applied oscillation field. It is demonstrated by the numerical evaluations that Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling eliminates the spin degeneracy and leads to the splitting of asymmetric Fano-type resonance peaks in the conductivity. In turn, the splitting of Fano-type resonance induces the spin- polarization-dependent electron-current. The location and line shape of Fano-type resonance can be controlled by adjusting the oscillation frequency and the amplitude of external field as well. These interesting features may be a very useful basis for devising tunable spin filters.Comment: 10pages,4figure

    Use of Devolved Controllers in Data Center Networks

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    In a data center network, for example, it is quite often to use controllers to manage resources in a centralized man- ner. Centralized control, however, imposes a scalability problem. In this paper, we investigate the use of multiple independent controllers instead of a single omniscient controller to manage resources. Each controller looks after a portion of the network only, but they together cover the whole network. This therefore solves the scalability problem. We use flow allocation as an example to see how this approach can manage the bandwidth use in a distributed manner. The focus is on how to assign components of a network to the controllers so that (1) each controller only need to look after a small part of the network but (2) there is at least one controller that can answer any request. We outline a way to configure the controllers to fulfill these requirements as a proof that the use of devolved controllers is possible. We also discuss several issues related to such implementation.Comment: Appears in INFOCOM 2011 Cloud Computing Worksho
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