68,721 research outputs found

    Monopole Condensation in Lattice SU(2) QCD

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    This is the short review of Monte-Carlo studies of quark confinement in lattice QCD. After abelian projections both in the maximally abelian and Polyakov gauges, it is seen that the monopole part alone is responsible for confinement. A block spin transformation on the dual lattice suggests that lattice SU(2)SU(2) QCD is always ( for all β\beta) in the monopole condensed phase and so in the confinement phase in the infinite volume limit.Comment: Contribution to Confinement '95, March 1995, Osaka, Japan. Names of figure files are corrected. 8 page uuencoded latex file and 10 ps figure

    An Almost Perfect Lattice Action for infrared QCD

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    A block-spin transformation on the dual lattice leads us to an almost perfect lattice action for monopoles and strings in QCD. The perfect operator for a static quark potential is fixed when we compare the above action with the perfect action obtained analytically after infinite-step block-spin transformations in a simple case. The continuum rotational invariance is restored and the physical value of the string tension is reproduced fairly well. Gauge independence of the abelian and the monopole scenario is discussed.Comment: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Nonperturbative Methods and Lattice QCD, Guangzhou, Chin

    Hole-trapping by Ni, Kondo effect and electronic phase diagram in non-superconducting Ni-substituted La2-xSrxCu1-yNiyO4

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    In order to investigate the electronic state in the normal state of high-Tc cuprates in a wide range of temperature and hole-concentration, specific-heat, electrical-resistivity, magnetization and muon-spin-relaxation (muSR) measurements have been performed in non-superconducting Ni-substituted La2-xSrxCu1-yNiyO4 where the superconductivity is suppressed through the partial substitution of Ni for Cu without disturbing the Cu-spin correlation in the CuO2 plane so much. In the underdoped regime, it has been found that there exist both weakly localized holes around Ni and itinerant holes at high temperatures. With decreasing temperature, all holes tend to be localized, followed by the occurrence of variable-range hopping conduction at low temperatures. Finally, in the ground state, it has been found that each Ni2+ ion traps a hole strongly and that a magnetically ordered state appears. In the overdoped regime, on the other hand, it has been found that a Kondo-like state is formed around each Ni2+ spin at low temperatures. In conclusion, the ground state of non-superconducting La2-xSrxCu1-yNiyO4 changes upon hole doping from a magnetically ordered state with the strong hole-trapping by Ni2+ to a metallic state with Kondo-like behavior due to Ni2+ spins, and the quantum phase transition is crossover-like due to the phase separation into short-range magnetically ordered and metallic regions.Comment: 9 pages, 8 figures, accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.

    Development of Cu-spin correlation in Bi_1.74_Pb_0.38_Sr_1.88_Cu_1-y_Zn_y_O_6+d_ high-temperature superconductors observed by muon spin relaxation

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    A systematic muon-spin-relaxation study in Bi-2201 high-Tc cuprates has revealed for the first time that the Cu-spin correlation (CSC) is developed at low temperatures below 2 K in a wide range of hole concentration where superconductivity appears. The CSC tends to become weak gradually with increasing hole-concentration. Moreover, CSC has been enhanced through the 3% substitution of Zn for Cu. These results are quite similar to those observed in La-214 high-Tc cuprates. Accordingly, it has been suggested that the intimate relation between the so-called spin-charge stripe correlations and superconductivity is a universal feature in hole-doped high-Tc cuprates. Furthermore, apparent development of CSC, which is suppressed through the Zn substitution oppositely, has been observed in non-superconducting heavily overdoped samples, being argued in the context of a recently proposed ferromagnetic state in heavily overdoped cuprates.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figure

    Time-Dependent Dynamics of the Bose-Fermi Mixed Condensed System

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    We study the monopole oscillation in the bose-fermi mixed condensed system by performing the time-dependent Gross-Pitaevsky (GP) and Vlasov equations. We find that the big damping exists for the fermion oscillation in the mixed system even at zero temperatureComment: 5pages, 2 figure
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