1,244 research outputs found

    Missing E_T Reconstruction with the CMS Detector

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    The CMS experiment uses missing E_T to both measure processes in the Standard Model and test models of physics beyond the Standard Model. These proceedings show the performance of the missing E_T reconstruction evaluated by using 4.6 fb-1 of proton-proton collision data at the center-of-mass energy 7 TeV collected in 2011 with the CMS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. Missing E_T was reconstructed based on a particle-flow technique. Jet energy corrections were propagated to missing E_T. After anomalous signals and events were addressed, the missing E_T spectrum was well reproduced by MC simulation. The multiple proton-proton interactions in a single bunch crossing, pile-up events, degraded the performance of the missing E_T reconstruction. Mitigations of this degradation have been developed.Comment: 6 pages, Proceedings for CALOR 2012, 15th International Conference on Calorimetry in High Energy Physic

    Squark/gluino searches in hadronic channels with CMS

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    These proceedings summarize the results of four analyses which searched for squarks and gluinos in hadronic final states with missing transverse momentum in 2.3 fb1^{-1} of data in proton-proton collisions at s=13\sqrt{s}=13 TeV collected in the year 2015 with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. Each analysis is characterized by a different kinematic variable that is sensitive to the presence of invisible particles, e.g., MT2M_\text{T2}, αT\alpha_{\text{T}}, and razor variables. We observed no significant deviation from the standard model prediction and placed limits on the production cross sections and the masses of squarks and gluinos in simplified models of supersymmetric models. The limits are significantly extended from the previous results.Comment: Proceedings for 4th Conference on Large Hadron Collider Physics 2016 (LHCP 2016), Lund, Swede

    Detector and Event Visualization with SketchUp at the CMS Experiment

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    We have created 3D models of the CMS detector and particle collision events in SketchUp, a 3D modelling program. SketchUp provides a Ruby API which we use to interface with the CMS Detector Description to create 3D models of the CMS detector. With the Ruby API, we also have created an interface to the JSON-based event format used for the iSpy event display to create 3D models of CMS events. These models have many applications related to 3D representation of the CMS detector and events. Figures produced based on these models were used in conference presentations, journal publications, technical design reports for the detector upgrades, art projects, outreach programs, and other presentations.Comment: 5 pages, 6 figures, Proceedings for CHEP 2013, 20th International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physic

    Squark/gluino searches in hadronic channels with CMS

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    Alternative angular variables for suppression of QCD multijet events in new physics searches with missing transverse momentum at the LHC

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    We introduce three alternative angular variables-denoted by ω~min\tilde{\omega}_\text{min}, ω^min\hat{\omega}_\text{min}, and χmin\chi_\text{min}-for QCD multijet event suppression in supersymmetry searches in events with large missing transverse momentum in proton-proton collisions at the LHC at CERN. In searches in all-hadronic final states in the CMS and ATLAS experiments, the angle Δφi\Delta\varphi_i, the azimuthal angle between a jet and the missing transverse momentum, is widely used to reduce QCD multijet background events with large missing transverse momentum, which is primarily caused by a jet momentum mismeasurement or neutrinos in hadron decays-the missing transverse momentum is aligned with a jet. A related angular variable-denoted by Δφmin\Delta\varphi^*_\text{min}, the minimum of the azimuthal angles between a jet and the transverse momentum imbalance of the other jets in the event-is used instead in a series of searches in all-hadronic final states in CMS to suppress QCD multijet background events to a negligible level. In this paper, before introducing the alternative variables, we review the variable Δφmin\Delta\varphi^*_\text{min} in detail and identify room for improvement, in particular, to maintain good acceptances for signal models with high jet multiplicity final states. Furthermore, we demonstrate with simulated event samples that ω^min\hat{\omega}_\text{min} and χmin\chi_\text{min} considerably outperform Δφmin\Delta\varphi^*_\text{min} and Δφi\Delta\varphi_i in rejecting QCD multijet background events and that ω^min\hat{\omega}_\text{min} and ω~min\tilde{\omega}_\text{min} are also useful for reducing the total standard model background events.Comment: 32 pages, 18 figure

    Dijet Cross Section and Longitudinal Double Spin Asymmetry Measurements in Polarized Proton-proton Collisions at \sqrt{s}=200 GeV at STAR

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    These proceedings show the preliminary results of the dijet cross sections and the dijet longitudinal double spin asymmetries A_LL in polarized proton-proton collisions at \sqrt{s} = 200 GeV at the mid-rapidity |eta| < 0.8. The integrated luminosity of 5.39 pb^{-1} collected during RHIC Run-6 was used in the measurements. The preliminary results are presented as functions of the dijet invariant mass M_jj. The dijet cross sections are in agreement with next-to-leading-order pQCD predictions. The A_LL is compared with theoretical predictions based on various parameterizations of polarized parton distributions of the proton. Projected precision of data analyzed to date from Run-9 are shown.Comment: 8 pages, 5 figures, Proceedings of the SPIN2010 conference (Juelich, Germany, 2010

    Triple GEM Detectors for the Forward Tracker in STAR

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    Future measurements of the flavor-separated spin structure of the proton via parity-violating W boson production at RHIC require an upgrade of the forward tracking system of the STAR detector. This upgrade will allow the reconstruction of the charge sign of electrons and positrons produced from decaying W bosons. A design based on six large area triple GEM disks using GEM foils produced by Tech-Etch Inc. has emerged as a cost-effective solution to provide the necessary tracking precision. We report first results from a beam test of three test detectors using Tech-Etch produced GEM foils and a laser etched two dimensional strip readout. The detectors show good operational stability, high efficiency and a spacial resolution of around 70 um or better, exceeding the requirements for the forward tracking upgrade. The influence of the angle of incidence of the particles on the spatial resolution of the detectors has also been studied in detail.Comment: 5 pages, 8 figures, presented at the IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium in Honolulu, HI, USA, October 27 - November 3, 200

    Identified baryon and meson distributions at large transverse momenta from Au+Au collisions at sNN=200\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}} = 200 GeV

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    Transverse momentum spectra of π±\pi^{\pm}, pp and pˉ\bar{p} up to 12 GeV/c at mid-rapidity in centrality selected Au+Au collisions at sNN=200\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}} = 200 GeV are presented. In central Au+Au collisions, both π±\pi^{\pm} and p(pˉ)p(\bar{p}) show significant suppression with respect to binary scaling at pT>p_T > 4 GeV/c. Protons and anti-protons are less suppressed than π±\pi^{\pm}, in the range 1.5 <pT<< p_{T} <6 GeV/c. The π/π+\pi^-/\pi^+ and pˉ/p\bar{p}/p ratios show at most a weak pTp_T dependence and no significant centrality dependence. The p/πp/\pi ratios in central Au+Au collisions approach the values in p+p and d+Au collisions at pT>p_T > 5 GeV/c. The results at high pTp_T indicate that the partonic sources of π±\pi^{\pm}, pp and pˉ\bar{p} have similar energy loss when traversing the nuclear medium.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figure
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