327 research outputs found

    Consistent and covriant anomalies in the overlap formulation of chiral gauge theories

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    In this letter we show how the covariant anomaly emerges in the overlap scheme. We also prove that the overlap scheme correctly reproduces the anomaly in the flavour currents such as jμ5j^5_\mu in vector like theories like QCD.Comment: 10 pages, Late

    Non-linear quantum mechanics and semi-classical field theories

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    Imperial Users onl

    The Renormalization Group for Flag Manifolds

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    The renormalization group equations for a class of non--relativistic quantum σ\sigma--models targeted on flag manifolds are given. These models emerge in a continuum limit of generalized Heisenberg antiferromagnets. The case of the SU(3)U(1)×U(1){SU(3)\over U(1)\times U(1)} manifold is studied in greater detail. We show that at zero temperature there is a fixed point of the RG transformations in (2+ε)(2+\varepsilon )--dimensions where the theory becomes relativistic. We study the linearized RG transformations in the vicinity of this fixed point and show that half of the couplings are irrelevant. We also show that at this fixed point there is an enlargement of the global isometries of the target manifold. We construct a discrete non--abelian enlargement of this kind.Comment: 22 page

    Gauge Fields, Fermions and Mass Gaps in 6D Brane Worlds

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    We study fluctuations about axisymmetric warped brane solutions in 6D minimal gauged supergravity. Much of our analysis is general and could be applied to other scenarios. We focus on bulk sectors that could give rise to Standard Model gauge fields and charged matter. We reduce the dynamics to Schroedinger type equations plus physical boundary conditions, and obtain exact solutions for the Kaluza-Klein wave functions and discrete mass spectra. The power-law warping, as opposed to exponential in 5D, means that zero mode wave functions can be peaked on negative tension branes, but only at the price of localizing the whole Kaluza-Klein tower there. However, remarkably, the codimension two defects allow the Kaluza-Klein mass gap to remain finite even in the infinite volume limit. In principle, not only gravity, but Standard Model fields could `feel' the extent of large extra dimensions, and still be described by an effective 4D theory.Comment: 33 pages, 2 figures; typesetting problem fixed ({\o}replaced by \omega

    Type IIB string theory on AdS_5 X T^{nn'}

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    We study \kk spectrum of type IIB string theory compactified on AdS5×TnnAdS_5 \times T^{nn'} in the context of AdS/CFTAdS/CFT correspondence. We examine some of the modes of the complexified 2 form potential as an example and show that for the states at the bottom of the \kk tower the corresponding d=4d=4 boundary field operators have rational conformal dimensions. The masses of some of the fermionic modes in the bottom of each tower as functions of the RR charge in the boundary conformal theory are also rational. Furthermore the modes in the bottom of the towers originating from qq forms on T11T^{11} can be put in correspondence with the BRS cohomology classes of the c=1c=1 non critical string theory with ghost number qq. However, a more detailed investigation is called for, to clarify further the relation of this supergravity background with the c=1c=1 strings.Comment: Plain Tex, 12 pages, (v2) minor typos corrected, version to appear in PLB. (v3) Problem in the format of titlepage fixe

    Nonsingular 4d-flat branes in six-dimensional supergravities

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    We show that six-dimensional supergravity models admit nonsingular solutions in the presence of flat three-brane sources with positive tensions. The models studied in this paper are nonlinear sigma models with the target spaces of the scalar fields being noncompact manifolds. For the particular solutions of the scalar field equations which we consider, only two brane sources are possible which are positioned at those points where the scalar field densities diverge, without creating a divergence in the Ricci scalar or the total energy. These solutions are locally invariant under 1/2 of D=6 supersymmetries, which, however, do not integrate to global Killing spinors. Other branes can be introduced by hand by allowing for local deficit angles in the transverse space without generating any kind of curvature singularities.Comment: 13 pages. The discussion of modular invariance is amended and a reference has been adde