28,716 research outputs found

    High-gravity central stars

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    NLTE spectral analyses of high-gravity central stars by means of state-of-the-art model atmosphere techniques provide information about the precursor AGB stars. The hydrogen-deficient post-AGB stars allow investigations on the intershell matter which is apparently exhibited at the stellar surface. We summarize recent results from imaging, spectroscopy, and spectropolarimetry.Comment: 8 pages, 4 figures, IAU Symposium No. 234, Planetary Nebulae in our Galaxy and Beyon

    AA Dor - An Eclipsing sdOB - Brown Dwarf Binary

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    AA Dor is an eclipsing, close, post common-envelope binary consisting of a sdOB primary star and an unseen secondary with an extraordinary small mass - formally a brown dwarf. The brown dwarf may have been a former planet which survived a common envelope phase and has even gained mass. A recent determination of the components' masses from results of NLTE spectral analysis and subsequent comparison to evolutionary tracks shows a discrepancy to masses derived from radial-velocity and the eclipse curves. Phase-resolved high-resolution and high-SN spectroscopy was carried out in order to investigate on this problem. We present results of a NLTE spectral analysis of the primary, an analysis of its orbital parameters, and discuss possible evolutionary scenarios.Comment: 8 pages, 4 figures, Workshop on Extreme Horizontal Branch Stars and Related Objects, Jun 2003, Keele, U

    Lower Redshift Analogues of the Sources of Reionization

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    Known populations of QSOs appear to fall short of producing the ionizing flux required for re-ionizing the universe. The alternative, galaxies as sources of ionizing photons, suffers from the problem that known types of galaxies are almost completely opaque to ionizing photons. For reionization to happen, either large numbers of (largely undiscovered) sources are required, or the known populations of galaxies need to have had a much larger escape fraction for ionizing radiation in the past. We discuss recent discoveries of faint z~3 Lyman alpha emitters with asymmetric, extended Lyman alpha emission regions, which apparently are related to interacting galaxies. The unusually shaped line profiles and the underlying stellar populations of these objects suggest the presence of damaged gaseous halos, infall of gas, tidal or stripped stellar features and young populations of hot stars, that would all be conducive to the release of ionizing radiation. As galaxy interactions and mergers increase with redshift, these effects can only become more important at earlier times, and so these interacting z~3 objects may be late, lower redshift analogues of the sources of reionization.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figures; contribution to the meeting First Stars IV, Kyoto, May 21-25, 201

    Uncertainties in (E)UV model atmosphere fluxes

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    During the comparison of synthetic spectra calculated with two NLTE model atmosphere codes, namely TMAP and TLUSTY, we encounter systematic differences in the EUV fluxes due to the treatment of level dissolution by pressure ionization. Systematic differences may occur due to a code-specific cutoff frequency of the H I Lyman bound-free opacity. This is the case for TMAP and TLUSTY. Both codes predict the same flux level at wavelengths lower than about 1500 A for stars with effective temperatures below about 30000K only, if the same cutoff frequency is chosen. In the case of Sirius B, we demonstrate an uncertainty in modeling the EUV flux reliably in order to challenge theoreticians to improve the theory of level dissolution. The theory of level dissolution in high-density plasmas, which is available for hydrogen only should be generalized to all species. Especially, the cutoff frequencies for the bound-free opacities should be defined in order to make predictions of UV fluxes more reliable.Comment: 3 pages, 5 figure

    Probing Sub-parsec Structure in the Lyman Alpha Forest with Gravitational Microlensing

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    We present the results of microlens ray-tracing simulations showing the effect of absorbing material between a source quasar and a lensing galaxy in a gravitational lens system. We find that, in addition to brightness fluctuations due to microlensing, the strength of the absorption line relative to the continuum varies with time, with the properties of the variations depending on the structure of the absorbing material. We conclude that such variations will be measurable via UV spectroscopy of image A of the gravitationally lensed quasar Q2237+0305 if the Lyman Alpha clouds between the quasar and the lensing galaxy possess structure on scales smaller than ∌0.1\sim 0.1 pc. The time scale for the variations is on the order of order years to decades, although very short term variability can occur. While the Lyman alpha lines may not be accessible at all wavelengths, this approach is applicable to any absorption system, including metal lines.Comment: 8 pages, 11 figures, to appear in MNRAS (note resolution of some figures reduced due to size limitations

    Non-LTE Spectral Analysis of Extremely Hot Post-AGB Stars: Constraints for Evolutionary Theory

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    Spectral analysis by means of Non-LTE model-atmosphere techniques has arrived at a high level of sophistication: fully line-blanketed model atmospheres which consider opacities of all elements from H to Ni allow the reliable determination of photospheric parameters of hot, compact stars. Such models provide a crucial test of stellar evolutionary theory: recent abundance determinations of trace elements like, e.g., F, Ne, Mg, P, S, Ar, Fe, and Ni are suited to investigate on AGB nucleosynthesis. E.g., the strong Fe depletion found in hydrogen-deficient post-AGB stars is a clear indication of an efficient s-process on the AGB where Fe is transformed into Ni or even heavier trans iron-group elements. We present results of recent spectral analyses based on high-resolution UV observations of hot stars.Comment: 6 pages, 2 figure