3,207 research outputs found

    Statistical combination of searches for the X±(5568)\rm{X^{\pm}(5568)} state decaying into Bs0π±\rm{B^0_s \pi^\pm}

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    A statistical combination of the search results for the narrow X±(5568)\rm{X^{\pm}(5568)} resonance decaying into Bs0π+\rm{B_s^0 \pi^+} is reported, based on published results from the ATLAS, CMS, CDF and LHCb Collaborations. A structure in the invariant mass distribution of Bs0π+\rm{B_s^0 \pi^+} has been observed by the D0 Collaboration with a mass value of 5568 MeV but not confirmed by any of the latest searches from the other Collaborations. Limits have been set on the relative production rate ρX\rm{\rho_X} of the X±(5568)\rm{X^{\pm}(5568)} and Bs0\rm{B^0_s} states, times the branching ratio for the decay X±(5568)Bs0π±\rm{X^{\pm}(5568) \rightarrow B^0_s\pi^\pm}. By applying a statistical combination of limits set by the three LHC experiments, we derive a limit at 95\% Confidence Level of ρX<0.0092\rho_X < 0.0092 for pT(Bs0)>p_T(B^0_s)> 10 GeV, and ρX\rho_X 15 GeV, superseding the previous most stringent upper limits. The effect of including the CDF result in the combination is also discussed.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, 2 table

    Development of Micromegas detectors for the upgrade of the ATLAS Muon Spectrometer

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    The Muon Sepctrometer of the ATLAS detector will undergo a major change in view of the LHC upgrade foreseen in 2018. In particular the two most internal detector wheels of the endcap part of the muon spectrometer (Small Wheels) need to be rebuilt with detectors capable to cope with the higher particle rate. We propose Micromegas detectors to be used both as trigger and tracking devices for the new Small Wheels. The most recent developments of Micromegas tailored to the ATLAS spectrometer upgrade will be illustrated: the development of resistive strip detectors to reduce the discharge probability, the construction of largesize (∼ m2) chambers, the optimization of working parameters and the innovative μTPC working mode that allows a local reconstruction of track segments

    Microscopic Oscillations in the Quantum Nucleation of Vortices Subject to Periodic Pinning Potential in a Thin Superconductor

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    We present a theory for the decay of a supercurrent through nucleation of vortex-antivortex pairs in a two-dimensional superconductor in the presence of dissipation and of a periodic pinning potential. Through a powerful quantum electrodynamics formulation of the problem we show that the nucleation rate develops oscillations in its current-density dependence which are connected to the pinning periodicity. A remnant of the dissipation-driven localization transition is present, and an estimate of the nucleation rate suggests that these effects might be observable in real thin superconductors.Comment: REVTeX file, 4 pages in two-column mode, 1 Postscript figure, to appear in Phys.Rev.B (Rapid Communications

    Fermion Mass Hierarchy in Lifshitz Type Gauge Theory

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    We study the origin of fermion mass hierarchy and flavor mixing in a Lifshitz type extension of the standard model including an extra scalar field. We show that the hierarchical structure can originate from renormalizable interactions. In contrast to the Froggatt-Nielsen mechanism, the higher the dimension of associated operators, the heavier the fermion masses. Tiny masses for left-handed neutrinos are obtained without introducing right-handed neutrinos.Comment: 13 pages; clarifications of some point

    Vortex Quantum Nucleation and Tunneling in Superconducting Thin Films: Role of Dissipation and Periodic Pinning

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    We investigate the phenomenon of decay of a supercurrent in a superconducting thin film in the absence of an applied magnetic field. The resulting zero-temperature resistance derives from two equally possible mechanisms: 1) quantum tunneling of vortices from the edges of the sample; and 2) homogeneous quantum nucleation of vortex-antivortex pairs in the bulk of the sample, arising from the instability of the Magnus field's ``vacuum''. We study both situations in the case where quantum dissipation dominates over the inertia of the vortices. We find that the vortex tunneling and nucleation rates have a very rapid dependence on the current density driven through the sample. Accordingly, whilst normally the superconductor is essentially resistance-free, for the high current densities that can be reached in high-TcT_c films a measurable resistance might develop. We show that edge-tunneling appears favoured, but the presence of pinning centres and of thermal fluctuations leads to an enhancement of the nucleation rates. In the case where a periodic pinning potential is artificially introduced in the sample, we show that current-oscillations will develop indicating an effect specific to the nucleation mechanism where the vortex pair-production rate, thus the resistance, becomes sensitive to the corrugation of the pinning substrate. In all situations, we give estimates for the observability of the studied phenomena.Comment: 8 pages (LaTeX), 2 postscript figures. Invited talk to the SATT8 (8th Italian Meeting on High-T_c Superconductivity), Como (Italy), Villa Olmo, 1-4 October 1996, to be published in La Rivista del Nuovo Cimento

    Black hole - D-brane correspondence: An example

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    We explore the connection between D-branes and black holes in one particular case: a D3D3-brane compactified to four dimensions on T6/Z3T^6/Z_3. Using the DD-brane boundary state description we show the equivalence with a double extremal N=2 black hole solution of four dimensional supergravity.Comment: 15 pages, LaTeX. Contribution by C. Nunez to the conference Quantum Gravity in the Southern Cone, Bariloche 7-10 January 1998; to appear in the proceeding

    Electromagnetism and multiple-valued loop-dependent wave functionals

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    We quantize the Maxwell theory in the presence of a electric charge in a "dual" Loop Representation, i.e. a geometric representation of magnetic Faraday's lines. It is found that the theory can be seen as a theory without sources, except by the fact that the wave functional becomes multivalued. This can be seen as the dual counterpart of what occurs in Maxwell theory with a magnetic pole, when it is quantized in the ordinary Loop Representation. The multivaluedness can be seen as a result of the multiply-connectedness of the configuration space of the quantum theory.Comment: 5 page

    Quantum Oscillator on \DC P^n in a constant magnetic field

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    We construct the quantum oscillator interacting with a constant magnetic field on complex projective spaces \DC P^N, as well as on their non-compact counterparts, i. e. the NN-dimensional Lobachewski spaces LN{\cal L}_N. We find the spectrum of this system and the complete basis of wavefunctions. Surprisingly, the inclusion of a magnetic field does not yield any qualitative change in the energy spectrum. For N>1N>1 the magnetic field does not break the superintegrability of the system, whereas for N=1 it preserves the exact solvability of the system. We extend this results to the cones constructed over \DC P^N and LN{\cal L}_N, and perform the (Kustaanheimo-Stiefel) transformation of these systems to the three-dimensional Coulomb-like systems.Comment: 9 pages, 1 figur

    Sommerfeld enhancement from Goldstone pseudo-scalar exchange

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    We point out that the exchange of a Goldstone pseudo-scalar can provide an enhancement in the dark matter annihilation rate capable of explaining the excess flux seen in high energy cosmic ray data. The mechanism of enhancement involves the coupling of s and d waves through the tensor force that is very strong and, in fact, singular at short distances. The results indicate that large enhancements require some amount of fine tuning. We also discuss the enhancement due to other singular attractive potentials, such as WIMP models with a permanent electric dipole.Comment: 14 pages, 4 figures, v2 includes contact informatio

    The twisted open string partition function and Yukawa couplings

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    We use the operator formalism to derive the bosonic contribution to the twisted open string partition function in toroidal compactifications. This amplitude describes, for instance, the planar interaction between g+1 magnetized or intersecting D-branes. We write the result both in the closed and in the open string channel in terms of Prym differentials on the appropriate Riemann surface. Then we focus on the g=2 case for a 2-torus. By factorizing the twisted partition function in the open string channel we obtain an explicit expression for the 3-twist field correlator, which is the main ingredient in the computation of Yukawa couplings in D-brane phenomenological models. This provides an alternative method for computing these couplings that does not rely on the stress-energy tensor technique.Comment: 32 pages, 5 figures, Latex; v2: typos correcte
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