14,422 research outputs found

### Lepton mixing from the hidden sector

Experimental results indicate a possible relation between the lepton and
quark mixing matrices of the form U_PMNS \approx V_CKM^\dagger U_X, where U_X
is a matrix with special structure related to the mechanism of neutrino mass
generation. We propose a framework which can realize such a relation. The main
ingredients of the framework are the double seesaw mechanism, SO(10) Grand
Unification and a hidden sector of theory. The latter is composed of singlets
(fermions and bosons) of the GUT symmetry with masses between the GUT and
Planck scale. The interactions in this sector obey certain symmetries G_hidden.
We explore the conditions under which symmetries G_hidden can produce flavour
structures in the visible sector. Here the key elements are the basis-fixing
symmetry and mediators which communicate information about properties of the
hidden sector to the visible one. The interplay of SO(10) symmetry,
basis-fixing symmetry identified as Z2 x Z2 and G_hidden can lead to the
required form of U_X. A different kind of new physics is responsible for
generation of the CKM mixing. We present the simplest realizations of the
framework which differ by nature of the mediators and by symmetries of the
hidden sector.Comment: 30 pages, 6 figures; typo corrected, one reference added, version for
publication in Phys. Rev.

### Storage and retrieval of light pulses in atomic media with "slow" and "fast" light

We present experimental evidence that light storage, i.e. the controlled
release of a light pulse by an atomic sample dependent on the past presence of
a writing pulse, is not restricted to small group velocity media but can also
occur in a negative group velocity medium. A simple physical picture applicable
to both cases and previous light storage experiments is discussed.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, submitted to Physical Review Letter

### Four-dimensional integration by parts with differential renormalization as a method of evaluation of Feynman diagrams

It is shown how strictly four-dimensional integration by parts combined with
differential renormalization and its infrared analogue can be applied for
calculation of Feynman diagrams.Comment: 6 pages, late

### Solar neutrino spectrum, sterile neutrinos and additional radiation in the Universe

Recent results from the SNO, Super-Kamiokande and Borexino experiments do not
show the expected upturn of the energy spectrum of events (the ratio $R \equiv
N_{obs}/N_{SSM}$) at low energies. At the same time, cosmological observations
testify for possible existence of additional relativistic degrees of freedom in
the early Universe: $\Delta N_{eff} = 1 - 2$. These facts strengthen the case
of very light sterile neutrino, $\nu_s$, with $\Delta m^2_{01} \sim (0.7 - 2)
\cdot 10^{-5}$ eV$^2$, which mixes weakly with the active neutrinos. The
$\nu_s$ mixing in the mass eigenstate $\nu_1$ characterized by $\sin^2 2\alpha
\sim 10^{-3}$ can explain an absence of the upturn. The mixing of $\nu_s$ in
the eigenstate $\nu_3$ with $\sin^2 \beta \sim 0.1$ leads to production of
$\nu_s$ via oscillations in the Universe and to additional contribution $\Delta
N_{eff} \approx 0.7 - 1$ before the big bang nucleosynthesis and later. Such a
mixing can be tested in forthcoming experiments with the atmospheric neutrinos
as well as in future accelerator long baseline experiments. It has substantial
impact on conversion of the supernova neutrinos.Comment: 27 pages, LaTeX, 14 eps figures, 3 figures and additional
considerations adde

### Comments on the classification of the finite subgroups of SU(3)

Many finite subgroups of SU(3) are commonly used in particle physics. The
classification of the finite subgroups of SU(3) began with the work of H.F.
Blichfeldt at the beginning of the 20th century. In Blichfeldt's work the two
series (C) and (D) of finite subgroups of SU(3) are defined. While the group
series Delta(3n^2) and Delta(6n^2) (which are subseries of (C) and (D),
respectively) have been intensively studied, there is not much knowledge about
the group series (C) and (D). In this work we will show that (C) and (D) have
the structures (C) \cong (Z_m x Z_m') \rtimes Z_3 and (D) \cong (Z_n x Z_n')
\rtimes S_3, respectively. Furthermore we will show that, while the (C)-groups
can be interpreted as irreducible representations of Delta(3n^2), the
(D)-groups can in general not be interpreted as irreducible representations of
Delta(6n^2).Comment: 15 pages, no figures, typos corrected, clarifications and references
added, proofs revise

### The Dimensional Recurrence and Analyticity Method for Multicomponent Master Integrals: Using Unitarity Cuts to Construct Homogeneous Solutions

We consider the application of the DRA method to the case of several master
integrals in a given sector. We establish a connection between the homogeneous
part of dimensional recurrence and maximal unitarity cuts of the corresponding
integrals: a maximally cut master integral appears to be a solution of the
homogeneous part of the dimensional recurrence relation. This observation
allows us to make a necessary step of the DRA method, the construction of the
general solution of the homogeneous equation, which, in this case, is a coupled
system of difference equations.Comment: 17 pages, 2 figure

### Spin interfaces in the Ashkin-Teller model and SLE

We investigate the scaling properties of the spin interfaces in the
Ashkin-Teller model. These interfaces are a very simple instance of lattice
curves coexisting with a fluctuating degree of freedom, which renders the
analytical determination of their exponents very difficult. One of our main
findings is the construction of boundary conditions which ensure that the
interface still satisfies the Markov property in this case. Then, using a novel
technique based on the transfer matrix, we compute numerically the left-passage
probability, and our results confirm that the spin interface is described by an
SLE in the scaling limit. Moreover, at a particular point of the critical line,
we describe a mapping of Ashkin-Teller model onto an integrable 19-vertex
model, which, in turn, relates to an integrable dilute Brauer model.Comment: 12 pages, 6 figure

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