996 research outputs found

    Beam-Material Interaction

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    Th is paper is motivated by the growing importance of better understanding of the phenomena and consequences of high- intensity energetic particle beam interactions with accelerator, generic target , and detector components. It reviews the principal physical processes of fast-particle interactions with matter, effects in materials under irradiation, materials response, related to component lifetime and performance, simulation techniques, and methods of mitigating the impact of radiation on the components and envir onment in challenging current and future applicationComment: 28 pages, contribution to the 2014 Joint International Accelerator School: Beam Loss and Accelerator Protection, Newport Beach, CA, USA , 5-14 Nov 201

    Towards the optimal energy of the proton driver for a neutrino factory and muon collider

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    Cross section data from the HARP experiment for pion production by protons from a tantalum target have been convoluted with the acceptance of the front-end channel for the proposed neutrino factory or muon collider and integrated over the full phase space measured by HARP, to determine the beam-energy dependence of the muon yield. This permits a determination of the optimal beam energy for the proton driver for these projects. The cross section data are corrected for the beam-energy dependent amplification due to the development of hadronic showers in a thick target. The conclusion is that, for constant beam power, the yield is maximum for a beam energy of about 7 GeV, but it is within 10% of this maximum for 4<Tbeam < 11 GeV, and within 20% of the maximum for Tbeam as low as 2 GeV. This result is insensitive to which of the two HARP groups' results are used, and to which pion generator is used to compute the thick target effects

    Conceptual designs of dipole magnet for muon collider ring

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    Conceptual designs of a superconducting dipole magnet for a Storage Ring of a Muon Collider with a 1.5 TeV center of mass (c.o.m.) energy and an average luminosity of 10 34 cm-2s-1 are presented. In contrast to proton machines, the dipoles for the Muon Collider should be able to handle ~0.5 kW/m of dynamic heat load from the muon beam decays. The magnets are based on Nb3Sn superconductor and designed to provide an operating field of 10 T in the 20-mm aperture with the critical current margin required for reliable machine operation. The magnet cross-sections were optimized to achieve the best possible field quality in the aperture occupied by beams. The developed mechanical structures provide adequate coil prestress and support at the maximum level of Lorentz forces in the coil. Magnet parameters are reported and compared with the requirements.Comment: 4 pp. Applied Superconductivity Conference (ASC 2010), 1-6 Aug 2010: Washington, D.

    Summary of working group g: beam material interaction

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    For the first time, the workshop on High-Intensity and High-Brightness Hadron Beams (HB2010), held at Morschach, Switzerland and organized by the Paul Scherrer Institute, included a Working group dealing with the interaction between beam and material. Due to the high power beams of existing and future facilities, this topic is already of great relevance for such machines and is expected to become even more important in the future. While more specialized workshops related to topics of radiation damage, activation or thermo - mechanical calculations, already exist, HB2010 provided the occasion to discuss the interplay of these topics, focusing on components like targets, beam dumps and collimators, whose reliability are crucial for a user facility. In addition, a broader community of people working on a variety of issues related to the operation of accelerators could be informed and their interest sparked.Comment: 3 pp. 46th ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop HB2010, Sep 27 - Oct 1 2010: Morschach, Switzerlan
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