712 research outputs found

    Distribution of Partial Neutron Widths for Nuclei close to a Maximum of the Neutron Strength Function

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    For nuclei near a maximum of the neutron strength function, the secular dependence on energy E of s-wave partial neutron widths differs from the canonical form given by the square root of E. We derive the universal form of that dependence and show that it is expected to significantly influence the analysis of neutron resonance data.Comment: 4 page

    The semi-classical approach to the exclusive electron scattering

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    The semiclassical approach, successfully applied in the past to the inelastic, inclusive electron scattering off nuclei, is extended to the treatment of exclusive processes. The final states interaction is accounted for in the mean field approximation, respecting the Pauli principle. The impact on the exclusive cross section of the shape of the potential binding the nucleons into the nucleus and of the distortion of the outgoing nucleon wave are explored. The exclusive scattering is found to be quite sensitive to the mean field final states interaction, unlike the inclusive one. Indeed we verify that the latter is not affected, as implied by unitarity, by the distortion of the outgoing nucleon wave except for the effect of relativity, which is modest in the range of momenta up to about 500 MeV/c. Furthermore, depending upon the correlations between the directions of the outgoing and of the initial nucleon, the exclusive cross-section turns out to be remarkably sensitive to the shape of the potential binding the nucleons. These correlations also critically affect the domain in the missing energy-- missing momentum plane where the exclusive process occurs.Comment: 39 pages, latex, including 9 figures (fig.ps

    Response function beyond mean field of neutron-rich nuclei

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    The damping of single-particle and collective motion in exotic isotopes is a new topic and its study may shed light on basic problems of nuclear dynamics. For instance, it is known that nuclear structure calculations are not able, as a rule, to account completely for the empirical single-particle damping. In this contribution, we present calculations of the single-particle self-energy in the case of the neutron-rich light nucleus 28^{28}O, by taking proper care of the continuum, and we show that there are important differences with the case of nuclei along the valley of stability.Comment: 9 pages, 4 figures. To appear in: Proceedings of the Topical Conference on Giant Resonances, Varenna, May 11-16, 1997 (Nucl. Phys. A, to be published

    Effective operator formalism for open quantum systems

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    We present an effective operator formalism for open quantum systems. Employing perturbation theory and adiabatic elimination of excited states for a weakly driven system, we derive an effective master equation which reduces the evolution to the ground-state dynamics. The effective evolution involves a single effective Hamiltonian and one effective Lindblad operator for each naturally occurring decay process. Simple expressions are derived for the effective operators which can be directly applied to reach effective equations of motion for the ground states. We compare our method with the hitherto existing concepts for effective interactions and present physical examples for the application of our formalism, including dissipative state preparation by engineered decay processes.Comment: 11 pages, 6 figure

    Discrete charging of a quantum dot strongly coupled to external leads

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    We examine a quantum dot with NdotN_{\rm dot} levels which is strongly coupled to leads for varying number of channels NN in the leads. It is shown both analytically and numerically that for strong couplings between the dot and the leads, at least Ndot−NN_{\rm dot}-N bound states (akin to subradiant states in optics) remain on the dot. These bound states exhibit discrete charging and, for a significant range of charging energies, strong Coulomb blockade behavior as function of the chemical potential. The physics changes for large charging energy where the same (superradiant) state is repeatedly charged.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures (accepted for publication in EPL

    Information Geometry of Complex Hamiltonians and Exceptional Points

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    Information geometry provides a tool to systematically investigate the parameter sensitivity of the state of a system. If a physical system is described by a linear combination of eigenstates of a complex (that is, non-Hermitian) Hamiltonian, then there can be phase transitions where dynamical properties of the system change abruptly. In the vicinities of the transition points, the state of the system becomes highly sensitive to the changes of the parameters in the Hamiltonian. The parameter sensitivity can then be measured in terms of the Fisher-Rao metric and the associated curvature of the parameter-space manifold. A general scheme for the geometric study of parameter-space manifolds of eigenstates of complex Hamiltonians is outlined here, leading to generic expressions for the metric

    Study of the 16O(p,gamma) Reaction at Astrophysical Energies

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    The Feshbach theory of the optical potential naturally leads to a microscopic description of scattering in terms of the many-body self-energy. We consider a recent calculation of this quantity for 16O and study the possibility of applying it at astrophysical energies. The results obtained for the phase shifts and the 16O(p,\gamma) capture suggest that such studies are feasible but the calculations require some improvement geared to this specific task.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures; Proceedings of Nuclei In The Cosmos VIII, to appear in Nucl. Phys.

    Chiral Symmetry Breaking and the Dirac Spectrum at Nonzero Chemical Potential

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    The relation between the spectral density of the QCD Dirac operator at nonzero baryon chemical potential and the chiral condensate is investigated. We use the analytical result for the eigenvalue density in the microscopic regime which shows oscillations with a period that scales as 1/V and an amplitude that diverges exponentially with the volume V=L4V=L^4. We find that the discontinuity of the chiral condensate is due to the whole oscillating region rather than to an accumulation of eigenvalues at the origin. These results also extend beyond the microscopic regime to chemical potentials Ό∌1/L\mu \sim 1/L.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figur

    Asymmetry dependence of proton correlations

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    A dispersive optical model analysis of p+40Ca and p+48Ca interactions has been carried out. The real and imaginary potentials have been constrained from fits to elastic scattering data, reaction cross sections, and level properties of valence hole states deduced from (e,e'p) data. The surface imaginary potential was found to be larger overall and the gap in this potential on either side of the Fermi energy was found to be smaller for the neutron-rich p+48Ca system. These results imply that protons with energies near the Fermi surface experience larger correlations with increasing asymmetry.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figure

    Statistics of eigenfunctions in open chaotic systems: a perturbative approach

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    We investigate the statistical properties of the complexness parameter which characterizes uniquely complexness (biorthogonality) of resonance eigenstates of open chaotic systems. Specifying to the regime of isolated resonances, we apply the random matrix theory to the effective Hamiltonian formalism and derive analytically the probability distribution of the complexness parameter for two statistical ensembles describing the systems invariant under time reversal. For those with rigid spectra, we consider a Hamiltonian characterized by a picket-fence spectrum without spectral fluctuations. Then, in the more realistic case of a Hamiltonian described by the Gaussian Orthogonal Ensemble, we reveal and discuss the r\^ole of spectral fluctuations