9,699 research outputs found

    Simulation of a Cross Section and Mass Measurement of a SM Higgs Boson in the H->WW->lvlv Channel at the LHC

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    The potential to discover a Standard-Model-like Higgs boson at the LHC in the mass range from 150-180 GeV, decaying into a pair of W bosons with subsequent leptonic decays, has been established during the last 10 years. Assuming that such a signal will eventually be observed, the analysis described in this paper investigates how accurate the signal cross section can be measured and how the observable lepton pt spectra can be used to constrain the mass of the Higgs boson. Combining the signal cross section with the analysis of the lepton pt spectra and assuming the SM Higgs cross section is known with an accuracy of +-5%, our study indicates that an integrated luminosity of about 10 fb-1 allows to measure the mass of a SM Higgs boson with an accuracy between 2 and 2.5 GeV.Comment: 19 pages, 11 Figure

    Lepton flavor violating Higgs decays and unparticle physics

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    We predict the branching ratios of the lepton flavor violating Higgs decays H^0->e^{\pm} \mu^{\pm}, H^0-> e^{\pm} \tau^{\pm} and H^0->\mu^{\pm} \tau^{\pm} in the case that the lepton flavor violation is carried by the scalar unparticle mediation. We observe that their branching ratios are strongly sensitive to the unparticle scaling dimension and they can reach to the values of the order of 10410^{-4}, for the heavy lepton flavor case and for the small values of the scaling dimension.Comment: 12 pages, 7 Figures, 1 Table

    Towards a Precise Parton Luminosity Determination at the CERN LHC

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    A new approach to determine the LHC luminosity is investigated. Instead of employing the proton-proton luminosity measurement, we suggest to measure directly the parton-parton luminosity. It is shown that the electron and muon pseudorapidity distributions, originating from the decay of W+, W- and Z0 bosons produced at 14 TeV pp collisions (LHC), constrain the x distributions of sea and valence quarks and antiquarks in the range from about 3 x 10**-4 to about 10**-1 at a Q**2 of about 10**4 GeV**2. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that, once the quark and antiquark structure functions are constrained from the W+,W- and Z0 production dynamics, other quark-antiquark related scattering processes at the LHC like q-qbar --> W+W- can be predicted accurately. Thus, the lepton pseudorapidity distributions provide the key to a precise parton luminosity monitor at the LHC, with accuracies of about +-1% compared to the so far considered goal of +-5%.Comment: plain tex, 14 pages, 5 figure

    Stochastic capital depreciation and the comovement of hours and productivity

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    An unresolved question concerning stochastic depreciation shocks is whether they have to be unrealistically large to have any useful role in a dynamic general equilibrium model economy, as Ambler and Paquet (1994) first suggested. We first consider implied depreciation rates from sectoral data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis. These depreciation rates vary across time solely due to compositional changes within each sector. Hence, they tend to understate the range of fluctuation that would hold if the economic shelf life of capital varied endogenously as in Cooley, Greenwood and Yorukoglu (1997). We find, however, that if depreciation rates follow a Markov switching process, a low variance of the depreciation rate can generate the low correlation between hours worked and productivity in a simple model economy. White noise and autoregressive depreciation shocks, in contrast, require a counterfactually large variance in the depreciation rate to reduce the hours-productivity correlation. We also illustrate the level effects implied by nonlinear decision rules in simulations of dynamic general equilibrium models that include Markov switching parameters. Linear decision rules, in contrast, imply certainty equivalence and ignore the aversion that agents have to the skewed shock distributions that characterize Markov switching.Econometric models ; Productivity

    Fan noise reduction achieved by removing tip flow irregularities behind the rotor - forward arc test configurations

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    The noise source caused by the interaction of the rotor tip flow irregularities (vortices and velocity defects) with the downstream stator vanes was studied. Fan flow was removed behind a 0.508 meter (20 in.) diameter model turbofan through an outer wall slot between the rotor and stator. Noise measurements were made with far-field microphones positioned in an arc about the fan inlet and with a pressure transducer in the duct behind the stator. Little tone noise reduction was observed in the forward arc during flow removal; possibly because the rotor-stator interaction noise did not propagate upstream through the rotor. Noise reductions were maded in the duct behind the stator and the largest decrease occurred with the first increment of flow removal. This result indicates that the rotor tip flow irregularity-stator interaction is as important a noise producing mechanism as the normally considered rotor wake-stator interaction

    Reduction of fan noise in an anechoic chamber by reducing chamber wall induced inlet flow disturbances

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    The difference between the flight and ground static noise of turbofan engines presents a significant problem in engine noise testing. The additional noise for static testing has been attributed to inlet flow disturbances or turbulence interacting with the fan rotor. In an attempt to determine a possible source of inflow disturbances entering fans tested in the Lewis Research Center anechoic chamber, the inflow field was studied using potential flow analysis. These potential flow calculations indicated that there was substantial flow over the wall directly behind the fan inlet that could produce significant inflow disturbances. Fan noise tests were run with various extensions added to the fan inlet to move the inlet away from this backwall and thereby reduce the inlet flow disturbances. Significant noise reductions were observed with increased inlet length. Over 5 db reduction of the blade passage tone sound power level was observed between the shortest and longest inlets at 90% fan speed and the first overtone was reduced 9 db. High frequency broadband noise was also reduced

    Search and dissemination in data processing

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    Manual retrieval methods were used to complete 54 searches of interest for the General Aviation Newsletter. Subjects of search ranged from television transmission to machine tooling, Apollo moon landings, electronic equipment, and aerodynamics studies

    Technology utilization in a non-urban region: Further impact and technique of the Technology Use Studies Center

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    Updated information pertaining to clients who receive and use information disseminated by the Technology Use Studies Center (TUSC) is reported. Charts are provided which indicate TUSC's performance in information dissemination and technical assistance in terms of quantities of searches accomplished during several contract years. The faculty information service is described, along with details of cooperation with other agencies. Specific searches are listed according to subject, client, and client location, and a measure of client response to services provided is indicated by the included selection of transfer and impact reports. The impetus behind the formation of the general aviation news letter is also described

    Technology utilization

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    Documentation is presented for selected transfer and impact reports provided to the business community, government agencies, and such other requestors as schools, universities, and health services. Statistical data are also included on the characteristics of the TUSC technical searches
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