139,620 research outputs found

    Off-shell nilpotent (anti-)BRST symmetries for a free particle system on a toric geometry: superfield formalism

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    We derive the off-shell nilpotent as well as absolutely anticommuting (anti-)BRST symmetry transformations, within the framework of superfield approach to BRST formalism, for a free particle system constrained to move on a torus. We also construct the most appropriate gauge-fixed Lagrangian which respects the (anti-)BRST symmetry transformations.Comment: LaTeX file v3: 15 pages, single column, no figures, typo fixed in Eq. (18

    Further experimental results on the structure and acoustics of turbulent jet flames

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    The structure of open turbulent jet flames is experimentally studied in the context of their noise emission characteristics. The differences between premixed and (co-flow) non-premixed flames are explored. Recent experiments repeated in an anechoic chamber complement earlier results obtained in a hard-walled bay. The reactants (methane and enriched air) are burned in the premixed, or non-premixed, mode after a length of pipe flow (ℓ/D> 150). The thick-walled tubes anchor the flames to the tip at all of the velocities employed (maximum velocity, well over 300 ft/sec), thus eliminating uncertainties associated with external flameholders. The time-averaged appearance of the flames is obtained with still photographs (1160 sec). The detailed structures are revealed through high-speed (≈ 2500 frames/sec) motion pictures. The acoustic outputs of the flames are mapped with a condenser microphone. The recorded data are played back to obtain the amplitude, waveshapes, directionalities, and frequency spectra of the noise. Profound differences are found between the premixed and non-premixed flames in their structures and noise characteristics

    Some experimental results on the L-star instability of metallized composite propellants

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    Experimental results are reported on the Lstar instability characteristics of three AP I composite propellants. The metal content of the propellants is 2%, 16%, and 16%. Chuffing, bulk mode oscillations, and time-independent combustion are observed with all three of these propellants. The stability boundary, defined as the boundary between time-independent and unstable combustion, is found to be well defined for two of the propellants in agreement with recognized trends available in the literature on other propellants. The frequency of bulk mode oscillations is presented as a function of the chamber characteristic length. One of the propellants tested has shown bulk mode instability at as high a pres sure as 217 psia. All of these tests were performed in a stainless steel L'~ motor with convenient, interchangeable stainless steel nozzles. The troublesome blockage of the small metal nozzles by the aluminum oxide slag was Overcome in most of these tests by the application of viscous silicone oil on the nozzle surface before each run. This technique is being pursued further, with plans for the inclusion of silicone compounds in propellant formulation, to reduce heat transfer to the inert nozzle

    A new look at AP/composite propellant combustion

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    Some theoretical studies on the time-independent and oscillatory combustion of nonmetallized ammonium perchlorate (AP)/composite propellants are presented. A coherent and unified interpretation was made of the voluminous data available from experiments related to propellant combustion. Three fundamental hypotheses are introduced: the extent of propellant degradation at the vaporization step has to be specified through a scientific criterion; the condensed-phase degradation reaction of ammonium perchlorate to a vaporizable state is the overall rate-limiting step; gas-phase combustion rate is controlled by the mixing rate of fuel and oxidizer vapors. In the treatment of oscillatory combustion, the assumption of quasi-steady fluctuations in the gas phase is used to supplement these hypotheses

    New observations in the BRST analysis of dynamical non-Abelian 2-form gauge theory

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    We generalize the usual gauge transformations connected with the 1-form gauge potential to the Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin (BRST) and anti-BRST symmetry transformations for the four (3+1)-dimensional (4D) topologically massive non-Abelian gauge theory that incorporates the famous (B\wedge F) term where there is an explicit topological coupling between 1-form and 2-form gauge fields. A novel feature of our present investigation is the observation that the (anti-)BRST symmetry transformations for the auxiliary 1-form field (K_\mu) and 2-form gauge potential (B_{0i}) are not generated by the (anti-)BRST charges that are derived by exploiting all the relevant (anti-)BRST symmetry transformations corresponding to all the fields of the present theory. This observation is a new result because it is drastically different from the application of the BRST formalism to (non-)Abelian 1-form and Abelian 2-form as well as 3-form gauge theories.Comment: LaTeX file, 11 pages, journal-versio

    Novel discrete symmetries in the general N = 2 supersymmetric quantum mechanical model

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    In addition to the usual supersymmetric (SUSY) continuous symmetry transformations for the general N = 2 SUSY quantum mechanical model, we show the existence of a set of novel discrete symmetry transformations for the Lagrangian of the above SUSY quantum mechanical model. Out of all these discrete symmetry transformations, a unique discrete transformation corresponds to the Hodge duality operation of differential geometry and the above SUSY continuous symmetry transformations (and their anticommutator) provide the physical realizations of the de Rham cohomological operators of differential geometry. Thus, we provide a concrete proof of our earlier conjecture that any arbitrary N= 2 SUSY quantum mechanical model is an example of a Hodge theory where the cohomological operators find their physical realizations in the language of symmetry transformations of this theory. Possible physical implications of our present study are pointed out, too.Comment: LaTeX file, 9 pages, EPJC format, To appear in EPJ

    FP-tree and COFI Based Approach for Mining of Multiple Level Association Rules in Large Databases

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    In recent years, discovery of association rules among itemsets in a large database has been described as an important database-mining problem. The problem of discovering association rules has received considerable research attention and several algorithms for mining frequent itemsets have been developed. Many algorithms have been proposed to discover rules at single concept level. However, mining association rules at multiple concept levels may lead to the discovery of more specific and concrete knowledge from data. The discovery of multiple level association rules is very much useful in many applications. In most of the studies for multiple level association rule mining, the database is scanned repeatedly which affects the efficiency of mining process. In this research paper, a new method for discovering multilevel association rules is proposed. It is based on FP-tree structure and uses cooccurrence frequent item tree to find frequent items in multilevel concept hierarchy.Comment: Pages IEEE format, International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security, IJCSIS, Vol. 7 No. 2, February 2010, USA. ISSN 1947 5500, http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis
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