31,664 research outputs found

    The Predictability of REIT Returns and Market Segmentatio

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    Recent research suggests that real estate returns are more predictable than the returns of other assets and that the real estate market is segmented from the general stock market. This study examines these two issues empirically using a multifactor asset pricing model that allows for time-varying risk premiums. The results indicate that, in a general two-factor asset pricing framework, the REIT market is integrated with the general stock market. Furthermore, no evidence can be found that REIT returns are more predictable than the returns of other stocks.

    Residential Appraisal and the Lending Process: A Survey of Issues

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    This article surveys mainly academic literature for issues concerning the use of appraisals in the residential lending process. The development of appraisal methodologies is reviewed, and the strengths and weaknesses of various appraisal techniques are assessed. Issues relating to the use of neighborhood characteristics in appraisals for lending purposes are also explored. Finally, institutional incentives that give rise to biased and self-serving appraisals and possible solutions to these incentive problems are examined.

    Integrated Chest Image Analysis System "BU-MIA"

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    We introduce "BU-MIA," a Medical Image Analysis system that integrates various advanced chest image analysis methods for detection, estimation, segmentation, and registration. BU-MIA evaluates repeated computed tomography (CT) scans of the same patient to facilitate identification and evaluation of pulmonary nodules for interval growth. It provides a user-friendly graphical user interface with a number of interaction tools for development, evaluation, and validation of chest image analysis methods. The structures that BU-MIA processes include the thorax, lungs, and trachea, pulmonary structures, such as lobes, fissures, nodules, and vessels, and bones, such as sternum, vertebrae, and ribs

    Full Orientability of the Square of a Cycle

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    Let D be an acyclic orientation of a simple graph G. An arc of D is called dependent if its reversal creates a directed cycle. Let d(D) denote the number of dependent arcs in D. Define m and M to be the minimum and the maximum number of d(D) over all acyclic orientations D of G. We call G fully orientable if G has an acyclic orientation with exactly k dependent arcs for every k satisfying m <= k <= M. In this paper, we prove that the square of a cycle C_n of length n is fully orientable except n=6.Comment: 7 pages, accepted by Ars Combinatoria on May 26, 201

    Pricing Factors in Real Estate Markets: A Simple Preference Based Approach

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    Conventional wisdom tells us that the price level of properties should be supported by the rent they receive. This paper examines the pricing factors of properties by analyzing how individuals allocate their income to housing consumption and other goods, which in turn become the rent (or implicit rent) to support property values. Our model’s results can explain several puzzling observations in property markets, including why the variance of property appreciation rates is much higher than that of income growth rates in the same area.Preference-based model, pricing factors, property appreciation, property markets

    A Rational Explanation for Boom-and-Bust Price Patterns in Real Estate Markets

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    This paper develops a stylized model to provide a rational explanation for the boom-and-bust price movement pattern that we frequently observe in the real world. Our stylized model indicates that there are three conditions to form a boom-and-bust price pattern in a community: a move-in of high income residents, wide income gap between new and existing residents, and supply process that leads to an inventory buildup. It seems that, based on these three conditions, China is more likely to experience a boom-and-bust price movement pattern than a developed country with a more mature and less vibrant economy.Real Estate Cycles; Boom-and-Bust; Supply Decision; Moving Costs

    Does the REIT Stock Market Resemble the General Stock Market?

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    Gyourko and Keim (1993) point out that the continued growth of the Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) market depends critically on the stock market's ability to provide fair and accurate valuations of real estate. Given the recent surge of REIT initial public offerings (more than $15 billion in the 1993-1994 period), it is important to know whether the stock market provides the REIT market with the same level of information dissemination, monitoring activities, and pricing mechanisms as that for other stocks. This study demonstrates that, when compared with the general stock market, REIT stocks tend to have a smaller turnover ratio, a lower level of institutional investor participation, and are followed by fewer security analysts. Furthermore, the level of financial analysts coverage and stock turnover intensity are higher when the REIT stock market is "hot." The lack of attention from financial analysts and institutional investors in the REIT stock market may have some implications for the well-documented anomalous REIT stock performance.
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