3,935 research outputs found

    Fast computation of MadGraph amplitudes on graphics processing unit (GPU)

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    Continuing our previous studies on QED and QCD processes, we use the graphics processing unit (GPU) for fast calculations of helicity amplitudes for general Standard Model (SM) processes. Additional HEGET codes to handle all SM interactions are introduced, as well assthe program MG2CUDA that converts arbitrary MadGraph generated HELAS amplitudess(FORTRAN) into HEGET codes in CUDA. We test all the codes by comparing amplitudes and cross sections for multi-jet srocesses at the LHC associated with production of single and double weak bosonss a top-quark pair, Higgs boson plus a weak boson or a top-quark pair, and multisle Higgs bosons via weak-boson fusion, where all the heavy particles are allowes to decay into light quarks and leptons with full spin correlations. All the helicity amplitudes computed by HEGET are found to agree with those comsuted by HELAS within the expected numerical accuracy, and the cross sections obsained by gBASES, a GPU version of the Monte Carlo integration program, agree wish those obtained by BASES (FORTRAN), as well as those obtained by MadGraph. The performance of GPU was over a factor of 10 faster than CPU for all processes except those with the highest number of jets.Comment: 37 pages, 12 figure

    Weak boson fusion production of supersymmetric particles at the LHC

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    We present a complete calculation of weak boson fusion production of colorless supersymmetric particles at the LHC, using the new matrix element generator SUSY-MadGraph. The cross sections are small, generally at the attobarn level, with a few notable exceptions which might provide additional supersymmetric parameter measurements. We discuss in detail how to consistently define supersymmetric weak couplings to preserve unitarity of weak gauge boson scattering amplitudes to fermions, and derive sum rules for weak supersymmetric couplings.Comment: 24 p., 3 fig., 9 tab., published in PRD; numbers in Table IV corrected to those with kinematic cuts cite

    Monte Carlo integration on GPU

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    We use a graphics processing unit (GPU) for fast computations of Monte Carlo integrations. Two widely used Monte Carlo integration programs, VEGAS and BASES, are parallelized on GPU. By using W+W^{+} plus multi-gluon production processes at LHC, we test integrated cross sections and execution time for programs in FORTRAN and C on CPU and those on GPU. Integrated results agree with each other within statistical errors. Execution time of programs on GPU run about 50 times faster than those in C, and more than 60 times faster than the original FORTRAN programs.Comment: 6 pages, 2 figure

    Granular packings of cohesive elongated particles

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    We report numerical results of effective attractive forces on the packing properties of two-dimensional elongated grains. In deposits of non-cohesive rods in 2D, the topology of the packing is mainly dominated by the formation of ordered structures of aligned rods. Elongated particles tend to align horizontally and the stress is mainly transmitted from top to bottom, revealing an asymmetric distribution of local stress. However, for deposits of cohesive particles, the preferred horizontal orientation disappears. Very elongated particles with strong attractive forces form extremely loose structures, characterized by an orientation distribution, which tends to a uniform behavior when increasing the Bond number. As a result of these changes, the pressure distribution in the deposits changes qualitatively. The isotropic part of the local stress is notably enhanced with respect to the deviatoric part, which is related to the gravity direction. Consequently, the lateral stress transmission is dominated by the enhanced disorder and leads to a faster pressure saturation with depth.Comment: 6 pages, 6 figure

    Calculation of HELAS amplitudes for QCD processes using graphics processing unit (GPU)

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    We use a graphics processing unit (GPU) for fast calculations of helicity amplitudes of quark and gluon scattering processes in massless QCD. New HEGET ({\bf H}ELAS {\bf E}valuation with {\bf G}PU {\bf E}nhanced {\bf T}echnology) codes for gluon self-interactions are introduced, and a C++ program to convert the MadGraph generated FORTRAN codes into HEGET codes in CUDA (a C-platform for general purpose computing on GPU) is created. Because of the proliferation of the number of Feynman diagrams and the number of independent color amplitudes, the maximum number of final state jets we can evaluate on a GPU is limited to 4 for pure gluon processes (gg→4ggg\to 4g), or 5 for processes with one or more quark lines such as qqˉ→5gq\bar{q}\to 5g and qq→qq+3gqq\to qq+3g. Compared with the usual CPU-based programs, we obtain 60-100 times better performance on the GPU, except for 5-jet production processes and the gg→4ggg\to 4g processes for which the GPU gain over the CPU is about 20

    Potential for measuring the H^\pm W^\mp Z^0 vertex from WZ fusion at the Large Hadron Collider

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    We investigate the possibility of measuring the H^\pm W^\mp Z^0 vertex from the single H±H^\pm production process via WZ fusion at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). This vertex strongly depends on the structure of the Higgs sector in various new physics scenarios, so that its measurement can be useful to distinguish the models. A signal and background simulation under the expected detector performance at the LHC is done for the processes of pp \to W^\pm Z^0 X \to H^\pm X \to tbX and pp \to W^\pm Z^0 X \to H^\pm X \to W^\pm Z^0 X, and the required magnitudes of the H^\pm W^\mp Z^0 vertex for observation are evaluated. It is found that although the loop induced H^\pm W^\pm Z^0 vertex in multi-Higgs doublet models cannot be measurable, the latter process can be useful to test the model with a real and a complex triplets.Comment: 23 pages, 6 figures, version accepted for publication in Physical Review

    Generic User Process Interface for Event Generators

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    Generic Fortran common blocks are presented for use by High Energy Physics event generators for the transfer of event configurations from parton level generators to showering and hadronization event generators.Comment: Physics at TeV Colliders II Workshop, Les Houches, France, May 2001 14 pages, 6 figure
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