59,861 research outputs found

    Numerical Investigation of Bubble Movement in Magnetic Nanofluids

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    Department of Mechanical EngineeringIn this study, the idea to generate electrical energy by using waste heat is suggested. In this idea, the electrical energy can be generated by a magnetic nanofluid and bubble movement. Thus, bubble movement in a magnetic fluid is numerically investigated using the commercial CFD package COMSOL Multiphysics for effective energy generation. The slug characteristics are also investigated because it can be generated by merging each bubble. The level-set method and phase-field method are used to simulate the bubble and slug movement, respectively. For the investigation, EFH1 and EFH3 are selected as working fluidsthey are commercial magnetic fluids manufactured by Ferrotec, and each fluid contains different amounts of magnetic particles. The solvers are validated by comparing the numerical results with previous research studies and experimental data for reliable results. The properties of a fluid can be changed by solid particles if the particles are dispersed in the fluid. These particles can affect the bubble and slug characteristics, such as shape, velocity and wake. Thus, the effect of solid particles is first studied by observing the bubble and slug movement in each magnetic fluid. In the slug investigation, the effects of some parameters are also studied, such as slug length and liquid backflow. The patterns of bubble and slug movement are investigated to predict the effective condition for the energy generation. The effective bubble and slug movements are predicted by evaluating the disturbance of the surrounding magnetic fluid for each flow pattern. A magnetic force can be created, and it can affect any phenomena when the magnetic field is applied to the system. Thus, the effect of the magnetic force is also investigated because the magnetic field should be applied to the system for the electrical energy generation. Finally, the important factor for energy generation is identified by comparing the results.ope

    Multiscale Biofluidic and Nanobiotechnology Approaches for Treating Sepsis in Extracorporeal Circuits

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    Infectious diseases and their pandemics periodically attract public interests due to difficulty in treating the patients and the consequent high mortality. Sepsis caused by an imbalanced systemic inflammatory response to infection often leads to organ failure and death. The current therapeutic intervention mainly includes "the sepsis bundles," antibiotics (antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal), intravenous fluids for resuscitation, and surgery, which have significantly improved the clinical outcomes in past decades; however, the patients with fulminant sepsis are still in desperate need of alternative therapeutic approaches. One of the potential supportive therapies, extracorporeal blood treatment, has emerged and been developed for improving the current therapeutic efficacy. Here, I overview how the treatment of infectious diseases has been assisted with the extracorporeal adjuvant therapy and the potential utility of various nanobiotechnology and microfluidic approaches for developing new auxiliary therapeutic methods

    Combinatorics in N = 1 Heterotic Vacua

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    We briefly review an algorithmic strategy to explore the landscape of heterotic E8 \times E8 vacua, in the context of compactifying smooth Calabi-Yau three-folds with vector bundles. The Calabi-Yau three-folds are algebraically realised as hypersurfaces in toric varieties and a large class of vector bundles are constructed thereon as monads. In the spirit of searching for Standard-like heterotic vacua, emphasis is placed on the integer combinatorics of the model-building programme.Comment: 14 pages. An introductory review prepared for the special issue "Computational Algebraic Geometry in String and Gauge Theory" of Advances in High Energy Physic

    Parton energy loss, saturation, and recombination at BRAHMS

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    Particle production as observed with the BRAHMS experiment at RHIC is presented. Preliminary baryon/meson ratios and nuclear modification factors at different rapidities will be discussed.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, Lake Louise Winter Institute 2005 proceedin