3,336 research outputs found

    Meson Production at COSY-TOF and COSY-ANKE

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    The roles of the COSY-TOF and COSY-ANKE spectrometers in the measurement of strange meson production are briefly reviewed, mainly in connection with new results on the pp -> K^+ p Lambda, pp -> K^+ p Sigma^0 and pp -> K^+ n Sigma^+ reactions.Comment: Invited talk at the MESON2010 conference in Krakow, June 201

    Electro-disintegration following beta-decay

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    I show that the disintegration of weakly-bound nuclei and the ionization of weakly-bound atomic electrons due to their interaction with leptons from beta decay is a negligible effect.Comment: 3 pages, 1 figure, to be published in the Physical Review

    The Formation of High-Mass Black Holes in Low Mass X-ray Binaries

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    In this note we suggest that high-mass black holes; i.e., black holes of several solar masses, can be formed in binaries with low-mass main-sequence companions, provided that the hydrogen envelope of the massive star is removed in common envelope evolution which begins only after the massive star has finished He core burning. That is, the massive star is in the supergiant stage, which lasts only ∌104\sim 10^4 years, so effects of mass loss by He winds are small. Since the removal of the hydrogen envelope of the massive star occurs so late, it evolves essentially as a single star, rather than one in a binary. Thus, we can use evolutionary calculations of Woosley & Weaver (1995) of single stars. We find that the black holes in transient sources can be formed from stars with ZAMS masses in the interval 20-35\msun. The black hole mass is only slightly smaller than the He core mass, typically \sim 7\msun.Comment: 19 pages, substantial changes, accepted in New Astronom

    Evolution and Merging of Binaries with Compact Objects

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    In the light of recent observations in which short gamma-ray bursts are interpreted as arising from black-hole(BH), neutron-star(NS) or NS-NS mergings we would like to review our research on the evolution of compact binaries, especially those containing NS's. These were carried out with predictions for LIGO in mind, but are directly applicable to short gamma-ray bursts in the interpretation above. Most important in our review is that we show that the standard scenario for evolving NS-NS binaries always ends up with a low-mass BH (LMBH), NS binary. Bethe and Brown (1998) showed that this fate could be avoided if the two giants in the progenitor binary burned He at the same time, and that in this way the binary could avoid the common envelope evolution of the NS with red giant companion which sends the first born NS into a BH in the standard scenario. The burning of He at the same time requires, for the more massive giants such as the progenitors of the Hulse-Taylor binary NS that the two giants be within 4% of each other in ZAMS mass. Applying this criterion to all binaries results in a factor 5 of LMBH-NS binaries as compared with NS-NS binaries. Our scenario of NS-NS binaries as having been preceded by a double He-star binary is collecting observational support in terms of the nearly equal NS masses within a given close binary.Comment: 32 pages, 1 figure, substantial changes from v

    Relativistic corrections to the long range interaction between closed shell atoms

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    The complete O(α2)O(\alpha^2) correction to the long range interaction between neutral closed shell atoms is obtained, the relation to the asymptotic expansion of the known short range interaction at the atomic scale is presented and a general interaction potential which is valid in the whole range of the inter atomic distances is constructed.Comment: 9 pages, accepted for Phys. Rev.

    QED theory of the nuclear magnetic shielding in hydrogen-like ions

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    The shielding of the nuclear magnetic moment by the bound electron in hydrogen-like ions is calculated ab initio with inclusion of relativistic, nuclear, and quantum electrodynamics (QED) effects. The QED correction is evaluated to all orders in the nuclear binding strength parameter and, independently, to the first order in the expansion in this parameter. The results obtained lay the basis for the high-precision determination of nuclear magnetic dipole moments from measurements of the g-factor of hydrogen-like ions.Comment: 4 pages, 2 tables, 2 figure

    Ionization and charge migration through strong internal fields in clusters exposed to intense X-ray pulses

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    A general scenario for electronic charge migration in finite samples illuminated by an intense laser pulse is given. Microscopic calculations for neon clusters under strong short pulses as produced by X-ray free-electron laser sources confirm this scenario and point to the prominent role of field ionization by strong internal fields. The latter leads to the fast formation of a core-shell system with an almost static core of screened ions while the outer shell explodes. Substituting the shell ions with a different material such as helium as a sacrificial layer leads to a substantial improvement of the diffraction image for the embedded cluster thus reducing the consequences of radiation damage for coherent diffractive imaging.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure