4,461 research outputs found

    Remnant superfluid collective phase oscillations in the normal state of systems with resonant pairing

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    The signature of superfluidity in bosonic systems is a sound wave-like spectrum of the single particle excitations which in the case of strong interactions is roughly temperature independent. In fermionic systems, where fermion pairing arises as a resonance phenomenon between free fermions and paired fermionic states (examples are: the atomic gases of lithium or potassium controlled by a Feshbach resonance, polaronic systems in the intermediary coupling regime, d-wave hole pairing in the strongly correlated Hubbard system), remnants of such superfluid characteristics are expected to be visible in the normal state. The single particle excitations maintain there a sound wave like structure for wave vectors above a certain q_{min}(T) where they practically coincide there with the spectrum of the superfluid phase for T<T_{c}. Upon approaching the transition from above this region in q-space extends down to small momenta, except for a narrow region around q=0 where such modes change into damped free particleComment: 5 pages, 3 figures; to appear in Phys Rev

    Possible Phases of the Two-Dimensional t-t' Hubbard Model

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    We present a stability analysis of the 2D t-t' Hubbard model on a square lattice for various values of the next-nearest-neighbor hopping t' and electron concentration. Using the free energy expression, derived by means of the flow equations method, we have performed numerical calculation for the various representations under the point group C_{4\nu} in order to determine at which temperature symmetry broken phases become more favorable than the symmetric phase. A surprisingly large number of phases has been observed. Some of them have an order parameter with many nodes in k-space. Commonly discussed types of order found by us are antiferromagnetism, d_{x^2-y^2}-wave singlet superconductivity, d-wave Pomeranchuk instability and flux phase. A few instabilities newly observed are a triplet analog of the flux phase, a particle-hole instability of p-type symmetry in the triplet channel which gives rise to a phase of magnetic currents, an s*-magnetic phase, a g-wave Pomeranchuk instability and the band splitting phase with p-wave character. Other weaker instabilities are found also. A comparison with experiments is made.Comment: revised version according to the referee remark

    Flow Equations and Normal Ordering

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    In this paper we consider flow-equations where we allow a normal ordering which is adjusted to the one-particle energy of the Hamiltonian. We show that this flow converges nearly always to the stable phase. Starting out from the symmetric Hamiltonian and symmetry-broken normal ordering nearly always yields symmetry breaking below the critical temperature.Comment: 7 page

    Momentum space evolution of chiral three-nucleon forces

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    A framework to evolve three-nucleon (3N) forces in a plane-wave basis with the Similarity Renormalization Group (SRG) is presented and applied to consistent interactions derived from chiral effective field theory at next-to-next-to-leading order (N2^2LO). We demonstrate the unitarity of the SRG transformation, show the decoupling of low and high momenta, and present the first investigation of universality in chiral 3N forces at low resolution scales. The momentum-space-evolved 3N forces are consistent and can be directly combined with the standard SRG-evolved two-nucleon (NN) interactions for ab-initio calculations of nuclear structure and reactions.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    Bogoliubov shadow bands in the normal state of superconducting systems with strong pair fluctuations

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    On the basis of a scenario where electron pairing is induced by resonant two-particle scattering (the Boson Fermion model), we show how precursors of the superconducting state - in form of overdamped Bogoliubov modes - emerge in the normal state upon approaching the transition temperature from above. This result is obtained by a renormalization technique based on continuous unitary transformations (the flow equations), projecting out the coherent contributions in the electron spectral function from an incoherent background.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figure

    Finite-Size Scaling Exponents of the Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick Model

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    We study the ground state properties of the critical Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick model. Using the Holstein-Primakoff boson representation, and the continuous unitary transformation technique, we compute explicitly the finite-size scaling exponents for the energy gap, the ground state energy, the magnetization, and the spin-spin correlation functions. Finally, we discuss the behavior of the two-spin entanglement in the vicinity of the phase transition.Comment: 4 pages, published versio

    Similarity Renormalization Group for Few-Body Systems

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    Internucleon interactions evolved via flow equations yield soft potentials that lead to rapid variational convergence in few-body systems.Comment: 3 pages, 6 figures. To appear in the proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Few-Body Problems in Physics (EFB20), Pisa, September 10-14, 200

    The genomics of neonatal abstinence syndrome

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    Significant variability has been observed in the development and severity of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) among neonates exposed to prenatal opioids. Since maternal opioid dose does not appear to correlate directly with neonatal outcome, maternal, placental, and fetal genomic variants may play important roles in NAS. Previous studies in small cohorts have demonstrated associations of variants in maternal and infant genes that encode the őľ-opioid receptor (OPRM1), catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), and prepronociceptin (PNOC) with a shorter length of hospital stay and less need for treatment in neonates exposed to opioids in utero. Consistently falling genomic sequencing costs and computational approaches to predict variant function will permit unbiased discovery of genomic variants and gene pathways associated with differences in maternal and fetal opioid pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics and with placental opioid transport and metabolism. Discovery of pathogenic variants should permit better delineation of the risk of developing more severe forms of NAS. This review provides a summary of the current role of genomic factors in the development of NAS and suggests strategies for further genomic discovery
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