1,101 research outputs found

    Reconstruction of the Extended Gauge Structure from Z′Z' Observables at Future Colliders

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    The discovery of a new neutral gauge boson Z′Z' with a mass in the TeV region would allow for determination of gauge couplings of the Z′Z' to ordinary quarks and leptons in a model independent way. We show that these couplings in turn would allow us to determine the nature of the extended gauge structure. As a prime example we study the E6E_6 group. In this case two discrete constraints on experimentally determined couplings have to be satisfied. If so, the couplings would then uniquely determine the two parameters, tan⁡β\tan \beta and δ\delta, which fully specify the nature of the Z′Z' within E6E_6. If the Z′Z' is part of the E6E_6 gauge structure, then for MZ′=1M_{Z'}=1 TeV tan⁡β\tan \beta and δ\delta could be determined to around 10%10\% at the future colliders. The NLC provides a unique determination of the two constraints as well as of tan⁡β\tan \beta and δ\delta, though with slightly larger error bars than at the LHC. On the other hand, since the LHC primarily determines three out of four normalized couplings, it provides weaker constraints for the underlying gauge structure.Comment: 14 pages LaTeX using RevTeX and psfig.sty. TeX source and 3 PS figures, tarred, compressed and uuencoded; also available via anonymous ftp to ftp://dept.physics.upenn.edu/pub/Cvetic/UPR-636-T

    Impact of extra particles on indirect Z' limits

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    We study the possibility of relaxing the indirect limits on extra neutral vector bosons by their interplay with additional new particles. They can be systematically weakened, even below present direct bounds at colliders, by the addition of more vector bosons and/or scalars designed for this purpose. Otherwise, they appear to be robust.Comment: Latex 23 pages, 8 eps figures. Minor changes, version published in Phys. Rev.

    Quark mixing: determination of top couplings

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    The top flavour-changing neutral couplings can be large in extended models with vector-like quarks. In the next decade(s) the CERN Large Hadron Collider will allow to measure (bound) them with a precision of few per cent.Comment: LaTeX 15 pages,19 PS figures, uses epsfig.sty. To be published in Acta Physica Polonica

    Discrete regularisation of localised kinetic terms

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    We investigate the behaviour of 5d models with general brane kinetic terms by discretising the extra dimension. We show that in the continuum limit the Kaluza-Klein masses and wave functions are in general nonanalytic in the coefficients of brane terms.Comment: Presented at the 7th DESY Workshop on Elementary Particle Theory ``Loops and Legs in Quantum Field Theory'', Zinnowitz, April 25-30, 200

    Light neutrino propagation in matter without heavy neutrino decoupling

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    We review the propagation of light neutrinos in matter assuming that their mixing with heavy neutrinos is close to present experimental limits. The phenomenological implications of the non-unitarity of the light neutrino mixing matrix for neutrino oscillations are discussed. In particular we show that the resonance effect in neutrino propagation in matter persists, but for slightly modified values of the parameters and with the maximum reduced by a small amount proportional to the mixing between light and heavy neutrinos squared.Comment: 11 pages, 1 figure, contribution to Stefan Pokorski 60th birthda

    Physical Parameters and Renormalization of U(1)_a x U(1)_b Models

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    We analize the structure of models with unbroken and spontaneously broken U(1)_a x U(1)_b gauge symmetry. We show that the quantum corrections to the 2N gauge charges, with N = #fermions + #scalars, can be absorbed in the redefinition of three independent gauge couplings (g_a,g_b and g_ab). We establish the (one-loop) conditions on the matter cotent for g_ab= = 0 (a value usually assumed in the literature) and we show that in the minimal extensions of the Standard Model with an extra U(1) symmetry the choice g_ab = 0 is not stable under radiative corrections induced by the standard Higgs fields. Moreover, g_ab = 0 to all orders seems to require an exact symmetry. The spontaneous breaking of the gauge symmetry induces further mixing between the two gauge bosons and introduces a fourth independent physical parameter. A consequence of our analysis is that the usual tree-level description with only three physical parameters (i.e., two gauge couplings and one gauge boson mixing angle) is not in general a justified zero order limit of the treatment including radiative corrections.Comment: 24 pages, tex, 1 figur

    Low energy constraints on orbifold models

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    We review the low energy limits on Kaluza-Klein excitations in orbifold models. New vector-like quarks, as well as new Z' gauge bosons, can be accommodated with masses observable at large colliders.Comment: Presented at RADCOR 2002, to appear in the proceeding

    Differential Renormalization of Gauge Theories

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    The scope of constrained differential renormalization is to provide renormalized expressions for Feynman graphs, preserving at the same time the Ward identities of the theory. It has been shown recently that this can be done consistently at least to one loop for abelian and non-abelian gauge theories. We briefly review these results, evaluate as an example the gluon selfenergy in both coordinate and momentum space, and comment on anomalies.Comment: LaTex, 8 pages with 1 ps figures, talk given at the Zeuthen Workshop on Elementary Particle Physics "Loops and Legs in Gauge Theories", Rheinsberg, Germany, April 19-24, 1998, to appear in Acta Physica Polonica
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