4,048 research outputs found

    Test of the Running of őĪs\alpha_s in ŌĄ\tau Decays

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    The ŌĄ\tau decay rate into hadrons of invariant mass smaller than s0‚ČęőõQCD\sqrt{s_0}\gg\Lambda_{\rm QCD} can be calculated in QCD assuming global quark--hadron duality. It is shown that this assumption holds for s0>0.7s_0>0.7~GeV2^2. From measurements of the hadronic mass distribution, the running coupling constant őĪs(s0)\alpha_s(s_0) is extracted in the range 0.7~GeV2<s0<mŌĄ2^2<s_0<m_\tau^2. At s0=mŌĄ2s_0=m_\tau^2, the result is őĪs(mŌĄ2)=0.329¬Ī0.030\alpha_s(m_\tau^2)=0.329\pm 0.030. The running of őĪs\alpha_s is in good agreement with the QCD prediction.Comment: 9 pages, 3 figures appended; shortened version with new figures, to appear in Physical Review Letters (April 1996

    Measurements of hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and acetylene (C2H2) from the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI)

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    Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and acetylene (C2H2) are ubiquitous atmospheric trace gases with medium lifetime, which are frequently used as indicators of combustion sources and as tracers for atmospheric transport and chemistry. Because of their weak infrared absorption, overlapped by the CO2 Q branch near 720 cm‚ąí1, nadir sounders have up to now failed to measure these gases routinely. Taking into account CO2 line mixing, we provide for the first time extensive measurements of HCN and C2H2 total columns at Reunion Island (21¬į S, 55¬į E) and Jungfraujoch (46¬į N, 8¬į E) in 2009‚Äď2010 using observations from the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI). A first order comparison with local ground-based Fourier transform InfraRed (FTIR) measurements has been carried out allowing tests of seasonal consistency which is reasonably captured, except for HCN at Jungfraujoch. The IASI data shows a greater tendency to high C2H2 values. We also examine a nonspecific biomass burning plume over austral Africa and show that the emission ratios with respect to CO agree with previously reported values

    Gamma-Ray Burst Sequences in Hardness Ratio-Peak Energy Plane

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    The narrowness of the distribution of the peak energy of őĹFőĹ\nu F_{\nu} spectrum of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and the unification of GRB population are great puzzles yet to be solved. We investigate the two puzzles based on the global spectral behaviors of different GRB population in the HR‚ąíEpHR-E_{\rm{p}} plane (HR the spectral hardness ratio) with BATSE and HETE-2 observations. It is found that long GRBs and XRFs observed by HETE-2 seem to follow the same sequence in the HR‚ąíEpHR-E_{\rm{p}} plane, with the XRFs at the low end of this sequence. The long and short GRBs observed by BATSE follow significantly different sequences in the HR‚ąíEpHR-E_{\rm p} plane, with most of the short GRBs having a larger hardness ratio than the long GRBs at a given EpE_{\rm{p}}. These results indicate that the global spectral behaviors of the long GRB sample and the XRF sample are similar, while that of short GRBs is different. The short GRBs seem to be a unique subclass of GRBs, and they are not the higher energy extension of the long GRBs (abridged).Comment: 9 pages, 3 figure

    The Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model: Group Summary Report

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    CONTENTS: 1. Synopsis, 2. The MSSM Spectrum, 3. The Physical Parameters, 4. Higgs Boson Production and Decays, 5. SUSY Particle Production and Decays, 6. Experimental Bounds on SUSY Particle Masses, 7. References.Comment: 121 pages, latex + epsfig, graphicx, axodraw, Report of the MSSM working group for the Workshop "GDR-Supersym\'etrie",France. Rep. PM/98-4

    The Structure of the Local Interstellar Medium. II. Observations of D I, C II, N I, O I, Al II, and Si II toward Stars within 100 parsecs

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    Moderate and high-resolution measurements (R ~ 40,000) of interstellar resonance lines of D I, C II, N I, O I, Al II, and Si II (light ions) are presented for all available observed targets located within 100 pc which also have high-resolution observations of interstellar Fe II or Mg II (heavy ions) lines. All spectra were obtained with the Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph or the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph instruments aboard the Hubble Space Telescope. Currently, there are 41 sightlines to targets within 100 pc with observations that include a heavy ion at high resolution and at least one light ion at moderate or high resolution. We present new measurements of light ions along 33 of these sightlines, and collect from the literature results for the remaining sightlines that have already been analyzed. We greatly increase the number of sightlines with useful LISM absorption line measurements of light ions by using knowledge of the kinematic structure along a line of sight obtained from high resolution observations of intrinsically narrow absorption lines, such as Fe II and Mg II. Because high resolution observations of heavy ions are critical for understanding the kinematic structure of local absorbers along the line of sight, we include 18 new measurements of Fe II and Mg II in an appendix. We present a statistical analysis of the LISM absorption measurements, which provides an overview of some physical characteristics of warm clouds in the LISM, including temperature and turbulent velocity. This complete collection and reduction of all available LISM absorption measurements provides an important database for studying the structure of nearby warm clouds, including ionization, abundances, and depletions.Comment: 50 pages, 21 figures; Accepted for publication in ApJ (vol. 602, February 20, 2004

    On the nature of the Be star HR 7409 (7 Vul)

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    HR 7409 (7 Vul) is a newly identified Be star possibly part of the Gould Belt and is the massive component of a 69-day spectroscopic binary. The binary parameters and properties of the Be star measured using high-dispersion spectra obtained at Ondrejov Observatory and at Rozhen Observatory imply the presence of a low mass companion (~ 0.5-0.8 M_sun). If the pair is relatively young (<50-80 Myr), then the companion is a K V star, but, following another, older evolutionary scenario, the companion is a horizontal-branch star or possibly a white dwarf star. In the latter scenario, a past episode of mass transfer from an evolved star onto a less massive dwarf star would be responsible for the peculiar nature of the present-day, fast-rotating Be star.Comment: Accepted for publication in MNRA

    Spectroscopic analysis of the B/Be visual binary HR 1847

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    We studied both components of a slightly overlooked visual binary HR 1847 spectroscopically to determine its basic physical and orbital parameters. Basic stellar parameters were determined by comparing synthetic spectra to the observed echelle spectra, which cover both the optical and near-IR regions. New observations of this system used the Ond\v{r}ejov and Rozhen 2-m telescopes and their coud\'e spectrographs. Radial velocities from individual spectra were measured and then analysed with the code {\FOTEL} to determine orbital parameters. The spectroscopic orbit of HR 1847A is presented for the first time. It is a single-lined spectroscopic binary with a B-type primary, a period of 719.79 days, and a highly eccentric orbit with e=0.7. We confirmed that HR 1847B is a Be star. Its H\alpha emission significantly decreased from 2003 to 2008. Both components have a spectral type B7-8 and luminosity class IV-V.Comment: Astronomy and Astrophysics, accepte

    The Primordial Binary Population - I: A near-infrared adaptive optics search for close visual companions to A star members of Scorpius OB2

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    We present the results of a near-infrared adaptive optics survey with the aim to detect close companions to Hipparcos members in the three subgroups of the nearby OB association Sco OB2: Upper Scorpius (US), Upper Centaurus Lupus (UCL) and Lower Centaurus Crux (LCC). We have targeted 199 A-type and late B-type stars in the Ks band, and a subset also in the J and H band. We find 151 stellar components other than the target stars. A brightness criterion is used to separate these components into 77 background stars and 74 candidate physical companion stars. Out of these 74 candidate companions, 41 have not been reported before (14 in US; 13 in UCL; 14 in LCC). Companion star masses range from 0.1 to 3 Msun. The mass ratio distribution follows f(q) = q^-0.33, which excludes random pairing. No close (rho < 3.75'') companion stars or background stars are found in the magnitude range 12 < Ks < 14. The lack of stars with these properties cannot be explained by low-number statistics, and may imply a lower limit on the companion mass of ~ 0.1 Msun. Close stellar components with Ks > 14 are observed. If these components are very low-mass companion stars, a gap in the companion mass distribution might be present. The small number of close low-mass companion stars could support the embryo-ejection formation scenario for brown dwarfs. Our findings are compared with and complementary to visual, spectroscopic, and astrometric data on binarity in Sco OB2. We find an overall companion star fraction of 0.52 in this association. This paper is the first step toward our goal to derive the primordial binary population in Sco OB2.Comment: 27 pages, to accepted by A&
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