989 research outputs found

    Referendum ÔÇô instrument czy iluzja w┼éadzy polskiego suwerena?

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    The author has analysed the following issues: Polish referenda traditions in the twentieth century, the currently applicable law contained in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 1997 and the Act of 2003, the modern referendum practice in Poland (subject and results of the referendum carried out in 1997, 2003 and 2015) and the legal limits of sovereign power (i.e. the subject of the NationÔÇÖs admissible decision in a referendum). The paper also points to the prospects for a consultative referendum on the amendment to the Constitution, related to the initiative of the President of the Republic of Poland submitted on 3 May 2017. It concerns the involvement of citizens in the process of drafting the constitution from scratch, before work on its draft in the Parliament commences, a practice that has not had a precedent in our history. The author takes the view that, notwithstanding the flaws or shortcomings of the existing legal regulations and the negative past experience, a referendum may become a joint result of the work of a sovereign nation may strengthen the authority of the new constitution.Autor analizuje nast─Öpuj─ůce problemy: polskie tradycje referendalne w XX w., obowi─ůzuj─ůce uregulowanie referendum zawarte w Konstytucji Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z 1997 r. i ustawie z 2003 r., wsp├│┼éczesn─ů praktyk─Ö referendum w Polsce (przedmiot i wyniki referendum przeprowadzonego w 1997, 2003 oraz 2015) oraz prawne granice w┼éadzy suwerena, czyli przedmiot dopuszczalnej decyzji Narodu w referendum. Wskazuje tak┼╝e perspektywy referendum konsultacyjnego w sprawie zmiany Konstytucji, zwi─ůzane z inicjatyw─ů Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej, zg┼éoszon─ů 3 maja 2017 r. Dotyczy ona zaanga┼╝owania obywateli w proces tworzenia konstytucji od pocz─ůtku, przed pracami w parlamencie, co nie mia┼éo precedensu w naszej historii. Wyra┼╝a pogl─ůd, ┼╝e niezale┼╝nie od wad obowi─ůzuj─ůcej regulacji prawnej i negatywnych do┼Ťwiadcze┼ä wynikaj─ůcych z praktyki, referendum to mo┼╝e by─ç dzie┼éem suwerennego Narodu i wzmocni─ç autorytet nowej konstytucji

    The significance of compliance in customer relations illustrated by the example of PGE Obr├│t S.A.

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    This paper discusses the impact of compliance principles on an enterpriseÔÇÖs relationships with its key clients, as exemplifid by PGE Obr├│t S.A. The theoretical section of the paper outlines compliance-related issues. The defiition of the term and its essence are discussed. In addition, compliance objectives, tasks, functions and instruments are described. Moreover, the COSO framework and ISO 19600 standard is discussed in connection with compliance. On the basis of a survey, the empirical section assesses the signifiance of compliance in relation with the surveyed company and outlines some key fidings as a result

    Co nowego w EAPCI

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    Komentarz redakcyjny

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    CO NOWEGO W EAPCI

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    Co nowego w EAPCI

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    CO NOWEGO W EAPCI

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