798 research outputs found

    Neutron capture on ^{205}Tl: depicting the abundance pattern of lead isotopes in s-process nucleosynthesis

    Get PDF
    Proposal: Neutron capture on 205Tl: depicting the abundance pattern of lead isotopes in s-process nucleosynthesisWe propose to use the TOF technique to measure the neutron capture cross section of 205Tl(n,gamma) over the full energy range of stellar interest. An accurate measurement of this cross section is needed for a complete and consistent understanding of the s-process nucleosynthesis of the heaviest nuclei which are produced in low-mass and low metallicity AGB-stars. The only previous TOF measurement has yield only a partial information, insufficient for a reliable analysis of the complex branching pattern around 205Pb and 205Tl. Furthermore, there is also a discrepancy of 40% between the two previous activation measurements made at kT=24 keV. The cross section of 205Tl(n,gamma) is particularly relevant because it affects the equilibrium that is established in some stellar conditions between the 205Tl -> 205Pb bound-state Beta-decay and the 205Pb -> 205Tl E.C. decay. This effect induces a complex interplay which influences the final s-process abundance of both nuclei. We propose to measure accurately and with high resolution the 205Tl(n,gamma) cross section by using a set of four C6D6 detectors in combination with the pulsed neutron-source of CERN n_TOF.Preprin

    Forthcoming (n,Îł) measurements on the Fe and Ni isotopes at CERN n_TOF

    Get PDF
    An overview of the past, present and future research activities at the CERN neutron time of flight facility n TOF is given, with special focus on the astrophysical aspects. During the first campaign (Phase I), neutron capture cross sections of relevance for several aspects of the s-process nucleosynthesis have been measured. A second campaign has recently started (Phase II), aiming at the study of the weak s-process component via accurate (n, Îł) measurements of the Fe and Ni isotopes. Some changes in the facility will allow us to perform these measurements with improved experimental conditions

    Approaching the precursor nuclei of the third r-process peak with RIBs

    Get PDF
    The rapid neutron nucleosynthesis process involves an enormous amount of very exotic neutron-rich nuclei, which represent a theoretical and experimental challenge. Two of the main decay properties that affect the final abundance distribution the most are half-lives and neutron branching ratios. Using fragmentation of a primary 238U beam at GSI we were able to measure such properties for several neutron-rich nuclei from 208Hg to 218Pb. This contribution provides a short update on the status of the data analysis of this experiment, together with a compilation of the latest results published in this mass region, both experimental and theoretical. The impact of the uncertainties connected with the eta-decay rates and with beta-delayed neutron emission is illustrated on the basis of r-process network calculations. In order to obtain a reasonable reproduction of the third r-process peak, it is expected that both half-lives and neutron branching ratios are substantially smaller, than those based on FRDM+QRPA, commonly used in r-process model calculations. Further measurements around N 126 are required for a reliable modelling of the underlying nuclear structure, and for performing more realistic r-process abundance calculations.Postprint (published version

    New Stellar (n,Îł)(n,\gamma) Cross Sections and The "Karlsruhe Astrophysical Database of Nucleosynthesis in Stars"

    Get PDF
    Since April 2005 a regularly updated stellar neutron cross section compilation is available online at http://nuclear-astrophysics.fzk.de/kadonis. This online-database is called the "Karlsruhe Astrophysical Database of Nucleosynthesis in Stars" project and is based on the previous Bao et al. compilation from the year 2000. The present version \textsc{KADoNiS} v0.2 (January 2007) includes recommended cross sections for 280 isotopes between 1^{1}H and 210^{210}Po and 75 semi-empirical estimates for isotopes without experimental information. Concerning stellar (n,γ)(n,\gamma) cross sections of the 32 stable, proton-rich isotopes produced by the pp process experimental information is only available for 20 isotopes, but 9 of them have rather large uncertainties of ≥\geq9%. The first part of a systematic study of stellar (n,γ)(n,\gamma) cross sections of the pp-process isotopes 74^{74}Se, 84^{84}Sr, 102^{102}Pd, 120^{120}Te, 130^{130}Ba, 132^{132}Ba, 156^{156}Dy, and 174^{174}Hf is presented. In another application \textsc{KADoNiS} v0.2 was used for an modification of a reaction library of Basel university. With this modified library pp-process network calculations were carried out and compared to previous results.Comment: Proceedings "International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology 2007", Nice/ Franc

    Status of PreSPEC Commissionning Data Analysis

    Get PDF

    Stellar (n,gamma) cross sections of p-process isotopes PartI: 102Pd, 120Te, 130,132Ba,and 156Dy

    Full text link
    We have investigated the (n,gamma) cross sections of p-process isotopes with the activation technique. The measurements were carried out at the Karlsruhe Van de Graaff accelerator using the 7Li(p,n)7Be source for simulating a Maxwellian neutron distribution of kT = 25 keV. Stellar cross section measurements are reported for the light p-process isotopes 102Pd, 120Te, 130,132Ba, and 156Dy. In a following paper the cross sections of 168Yb, 180W, 184Os, 190Pt, and 196Hg will be discussed. The data are extrapolated to p-process energies by including information from evaluated nuclear data libraries. The results are compared to standard Hauser-Feshbach models frequently used in astrophysics.Comment: 13 pages, 4 figure

    First tests of the applicability of Îł\gamma-ray imaging for background discrimination in time-of-flight neutron capture measurements

    Full text link
    In this work we explore for the first time the applicability of using Îł\gamma-ray imaging in neutron capture measurements to identify and suppress spatially localized background. For this aim, a pinhole gamma camera is assembled, tested and characterized in terms of energy and spatial performance. It consists of a monolithic CeBr3_3 scintillating crystal coupled to a position-sensitive photomultiplier and readout through an integrated circuit AMIC2GR. The pinhole collimator is a massive carven block of lead. A series of dedicated measurements with calibrated sources and with a neutron beam incident on a 197^{197}Au sample have been carried out at n_TOF, achieving an enhancement of a factor of two in the signal-to-background ratio when selecting only those events coming from the direction of the sample.Comment: Preprint submitted to Nucl. Instr. and Meth.

    Conceptual design of the BRIKEN detector: A hybrid neutron-gamma detection system for nuclear physics at the RIB facility of RIKEN

    Get PDF
    BRIKEN is a complex detection system to be installed at the RIB-facility of the RIKEN Nishina Center. It is aimed at the detection of heavy-ion implants, Ăź-particles, Âż-rays and Ăź-delayed neu- trons. The whole detection setup involves the Advanced Implantation Detection Array (AIDA), two HPGe Clover detectors and a large set of 166 counters of 3He embedded in a high-density polyethy- lene matrix. This article reports on a novel methodology developed for the conceptual design and optimisation of the 3He-tubes array, aiming at the best possible performance in terms of neutron detection. The algorithm is based on a geometric representation of two selected parameters of merit, namely, average neutron detection efficiency and efficiency flatness, as a function of a reduced num- ber of geometric variables. The response of the detection system itself, for each configuration, is obtained from a systematic MC-simulation implemented realistically in Geant4. This approach has been found to be particularly useful. On the one hand, due to the different types and large number of 3He-tubes involved and, on the other hand, due to the additional constraints introduced by the ancillary detectors for charged particles and gamma-rays. Empowered by the robustness of the al- gorithm, we have been able to design a versatile detection system, which can be easily re-arranged into a compact mode in order to maximize the neutron detection performance, at the cost of the gamma-ray sensitivity. In summary, we have designed a system which shows, for neutron energies up to 1(5) MeV, a rather flat and high average efficiency of 68.6%(64%) and 75.7%(71%) for the hybrid and compact modes, respectively. The performance of the BRIKEN system has been also quantified realistically by means of MC-simulations made with different neutron energy distributions.Postprint (published version
    • …
    corecore