895 research outputs found

    Unstable 06.5f?p star HD 148937 and its interstellar environment

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    The massive, early-type star HD 148937 (spectral type 06.5?p) is surrounded by a unique set of nebulosities. A spherically symmetric Stromgren sphere (Radius approx. - 25 pc), an ellipsoidal filamentary nebulosity (semimajor axis approx. - 5 pc) interpreted as a stellar-wind-blown shell, and a bipolar nebular complex (semimajor axis approx. - 1 pc) with HD 148937 located in the apparent center of symmetry. Observations of these nebulosities are reported (narrow-band charge coupled devices imaging, image dissector scanner (IDS) spectrophotometry, high resolution spectroscopy) in an attempt to establish a consistent model of HD 148937 and its nebulosities

    A Far-Ultraviolet View of Starburst Galaxies

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    Recent observational and theoretical results on starburst galaxies related to the wavelength regime below 1200 A are discussed. The review covers stars, dust, as well as hot and cold gas. This wavelength region follows trends similar to those seen at longer wavelengths, with several notable exceptions. Even the youngest stellar populations show a turn-over in their spectral energy distributions, and line-blanketing is much more pronounced. Furthermore, the O VI line allows one to probe gas at higher temperatures than possible with lines at longer wavelengths. Molecular hydrogen lines (if detected) provide a glimpse of the cold phase. I cover the crucial wavelength regime below 912 A and the implications of recent attempts to detect the escaping ionizing radiation.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures, Invited Talk, Starbursts--From 30 Doradus to Lyman-Break Galaxies, ed. R. de Grijs & R. M. Gonzalez Delgado (Dordrecht: Kluwer

    Starbursts and Star Clusters in the Ultraviolet

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    Hubble Space Telescope ultraviolet (UV) images of nine starburst galaxies reveal them to be highly irregular, even after excluding compact sources (clusters and resolved stars). Most (7/9) are found to have a similar intrinsic effective surface brightnesses, suggesting that a negative feedback mechanism is setting an upper limit to the star formation rate per unit area. All starbursts in our sample contain UV bright star clusters indicating that cluster formation is an important mode of star formation in starbursts. On average about 20% of the UV luminosity comes from these clusters. The brightest clusters, or super star clusters (SSC), are preferentially found at the very heart of starbursts. The size of the nearest SSCs are consistent with those of Galactic globular clusters. The luminosity function of SSCs is well represented by a power law with a slope alpha ~ -2. There is a strong correlation between the far infrared excess and the UV spectral slope. The correlation is well modeled by a geometry where much of their dust is in a foreground screen near to the starburst, but not by a geometry of well mixed stars and dust.Comment: 47 pages, text only, LaTeX with aaspp.sty (version 3.0), compressed postscript figures available at ftp://eta.pha.jhu.edu/RecentPublications/meurer

    Metal-enriched galactic outflows shape the mass-metallicity relationship

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    The gas-phase metallicity of low-mass galaxies increases with increasing stellar mass (M∗M_\ast) and is nearly constant for high-mass galaxies. Theory suggests that this tight mass-metallicity relationship is shaped by galactic outflows removing metal-enriched gas from galaxies. Here, we observationally model the outflow metallicities of the warm outflowing phase from a sample of seven local star-forming galaxies with stellar masses between 107^{7}-1011^{11} M⊙_\odot. We estimate the outflow metallicities using four weak rest-frame ultraviolet absorption lines, the observed stellar continua, and photoionization models. The outflow metallicity is flat with M∗M_\ast, with a median metallicity of 1.0±0.61.0\pm0.6 Z⊙_\odot. The observed outflows are metal-enriched: low and high-mass galaxies have outflow metallicities 10-50 and 2.6 times larger than their ISM metallicities, respectively. The observed outflows are mainly composed of entrained ISM gas with at most 22% of the metals directly coming from recent supernovae enrichment. The metal outflow rate shallowly increases with M∗M_\ast, as M∗0.2±0.1M_\ast^{0.2 \pm 0.1}, because the mass outflow rate shallow increases with M∗M_\ast. Finally, we normalize the metal outflow rate by the rate at which star formation retains metals to calculate the metal-loading factor. The metal-loading factor inversely scales with M∗M_\ast. The normalization and scaling of the metal-loading factor agree with analytic expressions that reproduce observed mass-metallicity relations. Galactic outflows fundamentally shape the observed mass-metallicity relationship.Comment: 15 pages, 7 figures, Accepted for publication in MNRA
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