7,043 research outputs found

    Upper and lower bounds on the mean square radius and criteria for occurrence of quantum halo states

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    In the context of non-relativistic quantum mechanics, we obtain several upper and lower limits on the mean square radius applicable to systems composed by two-body bound by a central potential. A lower limit on the mean square radius is used to obtain a simple criteria for the occurrence of S-wave quantum halo sates.Comment: 12 pages, 2 figure

    Analytical Solution of the Relativistic Coulomb Problem with a Hard-Core Interaction for a One-Dimensional Spinless Salpeter Equation

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    In this paper, we construct an analytical solution of the one-dimensional spinless Salpeter equation with a Coulomb potential supplemented by a hard core interaction, which keeps the particle in the x positive region

    Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization and meson spectroscopy

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    We use the Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization approach in the context of constituent quark models. This method provides, for the Cornell potential, analytical formulae for the energy spectra which closely approximate numerical exact calculations performed with the Schrodinger or the spinless Salpeter equations. The Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization procedure can also be used to calculate other observables such as r.m.s. radius or wave function at the origin. Asymptotic dependence of these observables on quantum numbers are also obtained in the case of potentials which behave asymptotically as a power-law. We discuss the constraints imposed by these formulae on the dynamics of the quark-antiquark interaction.Comment: 13 page

    One dimensional Coulomb-like problem in deformed space with minimal length

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    Spectrum and eigenfunctions in the momentum representation for 1D Coulomb potential with deformed Heisenberg algebra leading to minimal length are found exactly. It is shown that correction due to the deformation is proportional to square root of the deformation parameter. We obtain the same spectrum using Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization condition.Comment: 11 pages, typos corrected, references adde

    Necessary and sufficient conditions for existence of bound states in a central potential

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    We obtain, using the Birman-Schwinger method, a series of necessary conditions for the existence of at least one bound state applicable to arbitrary central potentials in the context of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. These conditions yield a monotonic series of lower limits on the "critical" value of the strength of the potential (for which a first bound state appears) which converges to the exact critical strength. We also obtain a sufficient condition for the existence of bound states in a central monotonic potential which yield an upper limit on the critical strength of the potential.Comment: 7 page

    Critical strength of attractive central potentials

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    We obtain several sequences of necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of bound states applicable to attractive (purely negative) central potentials. These conditions yields several sequences of upper and lower limits on the critical value, gc(ℓ)g_{\rm{c}}^{(\ell)}, of the coupling constant (strength), gg, of the potential, V(r)=−gv(r)V(r)=-g v(r), for which a first ℓ\ell-wave bound state appears, which converges to the exact critical value.Comment: 18 page

    Extending the scope of microscopic solvability: Combination of the Kruskal-Segur method with Zauderer decomposition

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    Successful applications of the Kruskal-Segur approach to interfacial pattern formation have remained limited due to the necessity of an integral formulation of the problem. This excludes nonlinear bulk equations, rendering convection intractable. Combining the method with Zauderer's asymptotic decomposition scheme, we are able to strongly extend its scope of applicability and solve selection problems based on free boundary formulations in terms of partial differential equations alone. To demonstrate the technique, we give the first analytic solution of the problem of velocity selection for dendritic growth in a forced potential flow.Comment: Submitted to Europhys. Letters, No figures, 5 page

    Broadband optical gain via interference in the free electron laser: principles and proposed realizations

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    We propose experimentally simplified schemes of an optically dispersive interface region between two coupled free electron lasers (FELs), aimed at achieving a much broader gain bandwidth than in a conventional FEL or a conventional optical klystron composed of two separated FELs. The proposed schemes can {\it universally} enhance the gain of FELs, regardless of their design when operated in the short pulsed regime
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