13,244 research outputs found

    Systematic evolution of the magnetotransport properties of Bi_{2}Sr_{2-x}La_{x}CuO_{6} in a wide doping range

    Full text link
    Recently we have succeeded in growing a series of high-quality Bi_{2}Sr_{2-x}La_{x}CuO_{6} crystals in a wide range of carrier concentrations. The data of \rho_{ab}(T) and R_H(T) of those crystals show behaviors that are considered to be "canonical" to the cuprates. The optimum zero-resistance T_c has been raised to as high as 38 K, which is almost equal to the optimum T_c of La_{2-x}Sr_{x}CuO_{4}.Comment: 2 pages, 2 figures, to be published in Physics C (Proceedings of the International Conference on Materials and Mechanisms of Superconductivity, High Temperature Superconductors VI (M2S-HTSC-VI), Houston, Feb 20-25, 2000

    Parity-violating asymmetry in γd→n⃗p\gamma d \to \vec{n}p with a pionless effective theory

    Full text link
    Nuclear parity violation is studied with polarized neutrons in the photodisintegration of the deuteron at low energies. A pionless effective field theory with di-baryon fields is used for the investigation. Hadronic weak interactions are treated by parity-violating di-baryon-nucleon-nucleon vertices, which have undetermined coupling contants. A parity-violating asymmetry in the process is calculated for the incident photon energy up to 30 MeV. If experimental data for the parity-violating asymmetry become available in the future, we will be able to determine the unknown coupling contants in the parity-violating vertices.Comment: 4 pages. A contribution to APFB2011, August 22-26, 2011, Seoul, Kore

    Metal-to-Insulator Crossover in the Low-Temperature Normal State of Bi_{2}Sr_{2-x}La_{x}CuO_{6+\delta}

    Full text link
    We measure the normal-state in-plane resistivity of La-doped Bi-2201 single crystals at low temperatures by suppressing superconductivity with 60-T pulsed magnetic fields. With decreasing hole doping, we observe a crossover from a metallic to insulating behavior in the low-temperature normal state. This crossover is estimated to occur near 1/8 doping, well inside the underdoped regime, and not at optimum doping as reported for other cuprates. The insulating regime is marked by a logarithmic temperature dependence of the resistivity over two decades of temperature, suggesting that a peculiar charge localization is common to the cuprates.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures, accepted for publication in PR

    Determining the Supernova Direction by its Neutrinos

    Full text link
    Supernova neutrinos, which arrive at Earth earlier than light, allow for the earliest determination of the direction of the supernova. The topic of this paper is to study how accurately we can determine the supernova direction. We simulate supernova neutrino events at the SuperKamiokande detector, using a realistic supernova model and several realistic neutrino oscillation models. With the results of our simulation, we can restrict the supernova direction to be within a circle of radius 9∘9^\circ. In several neutrino oscillation models, this accuracy is increased to 8∘8^\circ. We also discuss the influence of an accident that occurred at the SuperKamiokande detector. After repair of the detector, using the remaining PMTs, the accuracy becomes about 12∘12^\circ for no oscillation.Comment: 20 pages, 8 figures, Prog. Theor. Phys., accepte

    Determination of Caries Lesion Activity: Reflection and Roughness for Characterization of Caries Progression

    Get PDF
    Used by permission. © Operative Dentistry, Inc. Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of Operative Dentistry, Inc.Caries lesion progression is difficult to determine with visual and tactile examinations. The hypothesis of this study was that reflection and roughness measurements could determine caries progression. Ground/polished sound human enamel specimens were analyzed at baseline (sound) and after two four-day demineralization periods for reflection using optical reflectometry (ORef) and for roughness using optical surface profilometry (SPro). Specimens were demineralized using a microbial–Streptococcus mutans aries model. Comparisons among the periods for ORef and SPro were performed using repeated measures analysis of variance. Two-sample t-tests were used for differences in transverse microradiography. The integrated mineral loss and depth of the four-day demineralization period were significantly smaller than those for the eight-day demineralization period (p<0.01). With increased demineralization time, reflection was significantly decreased and roughness was significantly increased (p<0.01). Correlation between ORef and SPro was moderate (r=−0.63). Both reflection and roughness can be characterized for nondestructive longitudinal assessment of caries lesion progression

    Ando, Lavrov, and Segawa Reply

    Full text link
    Authors' Reply to the Comment by Janossy et al. [cond-mat/0005275] on our article, "Magnetoresistance Anomalies in Antiferromagnetic YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{6+x}: Fingerprints of Charged Stripes" [cond-mat/9905071, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2813 (1999)].Comment: 1 page, 1 figure, accepted for publication in PR
    • …