587 research outputs found

    Evidence of 1D behaviour of He4^4 confined within carbon-nanotube bundles

    Full text link
    We present the first low-temperature thermodynamic investigation of the controlled physisorption of He4^{4} gas in carbon single-wall nanotube (SWNT) samples. The vibrational specific heat measured between 100 mK and 6 K demonstrates an extreme sensitivity to outgassing conditions. For bundles with a few number of NTs the extra contribution to the specific heat, Cads_{ads}, originating from adsorbed He4^{4} at very low density displays 1D behavior, typical for He atoms localized within linear channels as grooves and interstitials, for the first time evidenced. For larger bundles, Cads_{ads} recovers the 2D behaviour akin to the case of He4^{4} films on planar substrates (grafoil).Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev. Let

    Ferromagnetic semiconductor single wall carbon nanotube

    Full text link
    Possibility of a ferromagnetic semiconductor single wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT), where ferromagnetism is due to coupling between doped magnetic impurity on a zigzag SWCNT and electrons spin, is investigate. We found, in the weak impurity-spin couplings, at low impurity concentrations the spin up electrons density of states remain semiconductor while the spin down electrons density of states shows a metallic behavior. By increasing impurity concentrations the semiconducting gap of spin up electrons in the density of states is closed, hence a semiconductor to metallic phase transition is take place. In contrast, for the case of strong coupling, spin up electrons density of states remain semiconductor and spin down electron has metallic behavior. Also by increasing impurity spin magnitude, the semiconducting gap of spin up electrons is increased.Comment: 10 pages and 9 figure

    Interplay between structure and magnetism in Mo12S9I9Mo_{12} S_9 I_9 nanowires

    Full text link
    We investigate the equilibrium geometry and electronic structure of Mo12_{12}S9_{9}I9_{9} nanowires using ab initio Density Functional calculations. The skeleton of these unusually stable nanowires consists of rigid, functionalized Mo octahedra, connected by flexible, bi-stable sulphur bridges. This structural flexibility translates into a capability to stretch up to approximate 20% at almost no energy cost. The nanowires change from conductors to narrow-gap magnetic semiconductors in one of their structural isomers.Comment: 4 pages with PRL standards and 3 figure

    CO2-Kompensation von Flugreisen, Klimarettung oder Ablasshandel?

    Get PDF
    Die Verringerung der CO2-Emissionen der Luftfahrt ist ein wichtiger Bau-stein auf dem Weg zum Wunschzustand eines klimaneutralen Verkehrs. In der Öffentlichkeit werden hierzu zahlreiche Möglichkeiten diskutiert, darunter auch die CO2-Kompensation von Flugreisen. Handelt es sich dabei um ein effizientes Klimaschutzinstrument? Wie seriös sind die Angebote von Kompensationsanbietern aus Verbraucherschutzsicht? Der Autor analysiert das System und weist Wege zu einer Reform des Kompensationswesens

    Four-point resistance of individual single-wall carbon nanotubes

    Get PDF
    We have studied the resistance of single-wall carbon nanotubes measured in a four-point configuration with noninvasive voltage electrodes. The voltage drop is detected using multiwalled carbon nanotubes while the current is injected through nanofabricated Au electrodes. The resistance at room temperature is shown to be linear with the length as expected for a classical resistor. This changes at cryogenic temperature; the four-point resistance then depends on the resistance at the Au-tube interfaces and can even become negative due to quantum-interference effects.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Coherent Bremsstrahlung in Imperfect Periodic Atomic Structures

    Full text link
    Coherent bremsstrahlung of high energy electrons moving in a three-dimensional imperfect periodic lattice consisting of a complicated system of atoms is considered. On the basis of the normalized probability density function of the distribution of atomic centers in the fundamental cell the relations describing coherent and incoherent contributions into cross sections are obtained. In particular, the cross section of coherent bremsstrahlung in complex polyatomic single crystals is found. The peculiarities of formation and possibilities of utilization of coherent processes are discussed.Comment: 23 pages, 8 figures, to be published in Phys. Rev.

    Low-Prandtl-number B\'enard-Marangoni convection in a vertical magnetic field

    Full text link
    The effect of a homogeneous magnetic field on surface-tension-driven B\'{e}nard convection is studied by means of direct numerical simulations. The flow is computed in a rectangular domain with periodic horizontal boundary conditions and the free-slip condition on the bottom wall using a pseudospectral Fourier-Chebyshev discretization. Deformations of the free surface are neglected. Two- and three-dimensional flows are computed for either vanishing or small Prandtl number, which are typical of liquid metals. The main focus of the paper is on a qualitative comparison of the flow states with the non-magnetic case, and on the effects associated with the possible near-cancellation of the nonlinear and pressure terms in the momentum equations for two-dimensional rolls. In the three-dimensional case, the transition from a stationary hexagonal pattern at the onset of convection to three-dimensional time-dependent convection is explored by a series of simulations at zero Prandtl number.Comment: 26 pages, 9 figure

    Structure of the Wake of a Magnetic Obstacle

    Get PDF
    We use a combination of numerical simulations and experiments to elucidate the structure of the flow of an electrically conducting fluid past a localized magnetic field, called magnetic obstacle. We demonstrate that the stationary flow pattern is considerably more complex than in the wake behind an ordinary body. The steady flow is shown to undergo two bifurcations (rather than one) and to involve up to six (rather than just two) vortices. We find that the first bifurcation leads to the formation of a pair of vortices within the region of magnetic field that we call inner magnetic vortices, whereas a second bifurcation gives rise to a pair of attached vortices that are linked to the inner vortices by connecting vortices.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures, corrected two typos, accepted for PR
    • …