7,359 research outputs found

    CMS experiment at the LHC: Commissioning and early physics

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    The CMS collaboration used the past year to greatly improve the level of detector readiness for the first collisions data. The acquired operational experience over this year, large gains in understanding the detector and improved preparedness for early physics will be instrumental in minimizing the time from the first collisions to first LHC physics. The following describes the status of the CMS experiment and outlines early physics plans with the first LHC data.Comment: To appear in the Proceedings of the 21st Rencontres de Blois: Windows on the Universe, Blois, France, 21-27 Jun 200

    Comment on "Clock Shift in High Field Magnetic Resonance of Atomic Hydrogen"

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    In this Comment, we reanalyze the experiments on the collision frequency shift of the b-c and a-d hyperfine transitions in three-dimensional atomic hydrogen in the presence of, respectively, a and b-state atoms. Accurate consideration of the symmetry of the spatial and spin part of the diatomic wavefunction yields the difference a_T-a_S=0.30(5) \AA between the triplet and singlet s-wave scattering lengths of hydrogen atoms. This corrects the factor-of two error of the commented work [Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 263003 (2008)].Comment: 1 pag

    Possibility of Geometric Description of Quasiparticles in Solids

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    New phenomenological approach for the description of elementary collective excitations is proposed. The crystal is considered to be an anisotropic space-time vacuum with a prescribed metric tensor in which the information on electromagnetic crystalline fields is included. The quasiparticles in this space are supposed to be described by the equations structurally similar to the relativistic wave equations for particles in empty space. The generalized Klein-Gordon-Fock equation and the generalized Dirac equation in external electromagnetic field are considered. The applicability of the proposed approach to the case of conduction electron in a crystal is discussed.Comment: 17 pages, latex; to appear in Int. Jnl. Mod. Phy

    Fragmentation of CDF jets: perturbative or non-perturbative?

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    Presented are the most recent jet fragmentation results from CDF: inclusive distributions of charged particle momenta and their kT in jets; average track multiplicities, as well as angular distributions of multiplicity flow, for a wide range of jet energies with ET from 40 to 300 GeV. The results are compared with Monte-Carlo and, when possible, analytical calculations performed in resummed perturbative QCD approximations (MLLA)

    Hyperfine frequency shift in two-dimensional atomic hydrogen

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    We propose the explanation of a surprisingly small hyperfine frequency shift in the two-dimensional (2D) atomic hydrogen bound to the surface of superfluid helium below 0.1 K. Owing to the symmetry considerations, the microwave-induced triplet-singlet transitions of atomic pairs in the fully spin-polarized sample are forbidden. The apparent nonzero shift is associated with the density-dependent wall shift of the hyperfine constant and the pressure shift due to the presence of H atoms in the hyperfine state aa not involved in the observed bcb\to c transition. The interaction of adsorbed atoms with one another effectively decreases the binding energy and, consequently, the wall shift by the amount proportional to their density. The pressure shift of the bcb\to c resonance comes from the fact that the impurity aa-state atoms interact differently with the initial bb-state and final cc-state atoms and is also linear in density. The net effect of the two contributions, both specific for 2D hydrogen, is comparable with the experimental observation. To our knowledge, this is the first mentioning of the density-dependent wall shift. We also show that the difference between the triplet and singlet scattering lengths of H atoms, atas=30(5)a_t-a_s=30(5) pm, is exactly twice smaller than the value reported by Ahokas {\it et al.}, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf101}, 263003 (2008).Comment: 4 pages, no figure

    Thermal compression of two-dimensional atomic hydrogen to quantum degeneracy

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    We describe experiments where 2D atomic hydrogen gas is compressed thermally at a small "cold spot" on the surface of superfluid helium and detected directly with electron-spin resonance. We reach surface densities up to 5e12 1/cm^2 at temperatures of approximately 100 mK corresponding to the maximum 2D phase-space density of about 1.5. By independent measurements of the surface density and its decay rate we make the first direct determination of the three-body recombination rate constant and get the value of 2e-25 cm^4/s for its upper bound, which is an order of magnitude smaller than previously reported experimental results.Comment: 4 pages, 4 postscript figures, bibliography (.bbl) file, submitted to PR

    Impurity relaxation mechanism for dynamic magnetization reversal in a single domain grain

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    The interaction of coherent magnetization rotation with a system of two-level impurities is studied. Two different, but not contradictory mechanisms, the `slow-relaxing ion' and the `fast-relaxing ion' are utilized to derive a system of integro-differential equations for the magnetization. In the case that the impurity relaxation rate is much greater than the magnetization precession frequency, these equations can be written in the form of the Landau-Lifshitz equation with damping. Thus the damping parameter can be directly calculated from these microscopic impurity relaxation processes