3,491 research outputs found

    Coherent spin dynamics of electrons and holes in semiconductor quantum wells and quantum dots under periodical optical excitation: resonant spin amplification versus spin mode-locking

    Full text link
    The coherent spin dynamics of resident carriers, electrons and holes, in semiconductor quantum structures is studied by periodical optical excitation using short laser pulses and in an external magnetic field. The generation and dephasing of spin polarization in an ensemble of carrier spins, for which the relaxation time of individual spins exceeds the repetition period of the laser pulses, are analyzed theoretically. Spin polarization accumulation is manifested either as resonant spin amplification or as mode-locking of carrier spin coherences. It is shown that both regimes have the same origin, while their appearance is determined by the optical pump power and the spread of spin precession frequencies in the ensemble

    Light Mediated Superconducting Transistor

    Full text link
    Bose-condensation of mass-less quasiparticles (photons) can be easily achieved at the room temperature in lasers. On the other hand, condensation of bosons having a non-zero mass requires usually ultra-low temperatures. Recently, it has been shown that polaritons, which are half-light-half-matter quasi-particles, may form condensed states at high temperatures (up to 300K). Polaritons composed by electron-hole pairs coupled to confined light modes in optical cavities may form a Bardeen-Cooper-Schriefer (BCS) superfluid. We propose a new transistor based on stimulated scattering of electron-hole pairs into the BCS polariton mode. A pn-junction embedded inside an optical cavity resonantly emits light into the cavity mode. If the cavity mode energy slightly exceeds the band-gap energy, it couples with electron-hole pairs with zero centre of mass wave-vector but non-zero wave-vector of relative motion. This creates a super-current in the plane of the structure. In an isotropic case, its direction is chosen by the system spontaneously. Otherwise, it is pinned to the external in-plane bias. We calculate the phase diagram for the electron-hole-polariton system.Comment: 11 pages, 3 figure

    The Ferromagnetism in the Vicinity of Lifshitz Topological Transitions

    Full text link
    We show that the critical temperature of a ferromagnetic phase transition in a quasi-two-dimensional hole gas confined in a diluted magnetic semiconductor quantum well strongly depends on the hole chemical potential and hole density. The significant variations of the the Curie temperature occur close to the Lifshitz topological transition points where the hole Fermi surface acquires additional components of topological connectivity due to the filling of excited size-quantization subbands. The model calculations demonstrate that the Curie temperature can be doubled by a small variation of the gate voltage for the CdMnTe/CdMgTe quantum well based device