23,252 research outputs found

    Is there New Physics in B Decays ?

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    Rare decays of the BB meson are sensitive to new physics effects. Several experimental results on these decays have been difficult to understand within the standard model (SM) though more precise measurements and a better understanding of SM theory predictions are needed before any firm conclusions can be drawn. In this talk we try to understand the present data assuming the presence of new physics. We find that the data points to new physics of an extended Higgs sector and we present a two higgs doublet model with a 2-3 flavor symmetry in the down type quark sector that can explain the deviations from standard model reported in several rare B decays.Comment: 8 pages, Talk presented at Theory Canada II, Perimeter Institute, Waterloo, Canada. New references added and update

    On the Observability of "Invisible" / "Nearly Invisible" Charginos

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    It is shown that if the charginos decay into very soft leptons or hadrons + E̸\not{E} due to degeneracy/ near- degeneracy with the LSP or the sneutrino, the observability of the recently proposed signal via the single photon (+ soft particles) + E̸\not{E} channel crucially depends on the magnitude of the \SNU mass due to destructive interferences in the matrix element squared. If the \SNU's and, consequently, left-sleptons are relatively light, the size of the signal, previously computed in the limit \MSNU \to \infty only, is drastically reduced. We present the formula for the signal cross section in a model independent way and discuss the observability of the signal at LEP 192 and NLC energies.Comment: 27 pages, Late

    Extracting alpha from B0(d) --> K0 anti-K0 Decays

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    We propose a new method for obtaining the CP phase alpha, based on measurements of B0(d) --> K0 anti-K0, along with theoretical input. Due to the similarities of QCD factorization (QCDf) and perturbative QCD (pQCD), this input is basically the same for each of these models. Although the theoretical error is large at present, many of the contributing quantities will be better known in the future, leading to a smaller error. One outstanding question is the extent to which the precision on quark masses, especially m_c/m_b, can be improved. If one assumes that new physics is not present, the method can be used to predict the values of CP asymmetries in B0(d) --> K0 anti-K0: 0.02 <= A_{dir}^2 + A_{mix}^2 <= 0.125. A result outside this range would signal the existence of long-distance effects beyond those included in models of nonleptonic decays based on factorization (such as QCDf and pQCD), or the presence of new physics.Comment: 5 pages, To appear in PR

    Thermoelectric properties of Bi2Te3 atomic quintuple thin films

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    Motivated by recent experimental realizations of quintuple atomic layer films of Bi2Te3,the thermoelectric figure of merit, ZT, of the quintuple layer is calculated and found to increase by a factor of 10 (ZT = 7.2) compared to that of the bulk at room temperature. The large enhancement in ZT results from the change in the distribution of the valence band density of modes brought about by the quantum confinement in the thin film. The theoretical model uses ab initio electronic structure calculations (VASP) with full quantum-mechanical structure relaxation combined with a Landauer formalism for the linear-response transport coefficients.Comment: 4 figures, submitted to AP

    Quantum discord between relatively accelerated observers

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    We calculate the quantum discord between two free modes of a scalar field which start in a maximally entangled state and then undergo a relative, constant acceleration. In a regime where there is no distillable entanglement due to the Unruh effect, we show that there is a finite amount of quantum discord, which is a measure of purely quantum correlations in a state, over and above quantum entanglement. Even in the limit of infinite acceleration of the observer detecting one of the modes, we provide evidence for a non-zero amount of purely quantum correlations, which might be exploited to gain non-trivial quantum advantages.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figure

    Drainage in a model stratified porous medium

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    We show that when a non-wetting fluid drains a stratified porous medium at sufficiently small capillary numbers Ca, it flows only through the coarsest stratum of the medium; by contrast, above a threshold Ca, the non-wetting fluid is also forced laterally, into part of the adjacent, finer strata. The spatial extent of this partial invasion increases with Ca. We quantitatively understand this behavior by balancing the stratum-scale viscous pressure driving the flow with the capillary pressure required to invade individual pores. Because geological formations are frequently stratified, we anticipate that our results will be relevant to a number of important applications, including understanding oil migration, preventing groundwater contamination, and sub-surface CO2_{2} storage
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