1,833,869 research outputs found

    RD-flatness and RD-injectivity

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    It is proved that every commutative ring whose RD-injective modules are Σ\Sigma-RD-injective is the product of a pure semi-simple ring and a finite ring. A complete characterization of commutative rings for which each artinian (respectively simple) module is RD-injective, is given. These results can be obtained by using the properties of RD-flat modules and RD-coflat modules which are respectively the RD-relativization of flat modules and fp-injective modules. It is also shown that a commutative ring is perfect if and only if each RD-flat module is RD-projective.Comment: A new section is added to the version published in Communications in Algebra where a complete proof of Theorem 3.1 is give

    Characterization and suppression techniques for degree of radiation damping in inversion recovery measurements

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    Radiation damping (RD) has been shown to affect T1 measurement in inversion recovery experiments. In this work, we demonstrate that the extent of RD depends upon the T1 of the sample. RD difference spectroscopy (RADDSY) is used to characterize the severity of RD, while gradient inversion recovery (GIR) is used for RD suppression in T1 measurements. At 9.4 T, for the radiation damping characteristic time (Trd) of 50 ms, these investigations show non-negligible RD effects for T1 values greater than Trd, with severe distortions for T1 longer than about 150 ms, showing reasonable agreement with the predicted Trd. We also report a discrepancy between published expressions for the characteristic RD time

    Integration of a Precolouring Matrix in the Random Demodulator model for improved Compressive Ppectrum Estimation

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    The random demodulator (RD) is a compressive sensing (CS) architecture for acquiring frequency sparse, bandlimited signals. Such signals occur in cognitive radio networks for instance, where efficient sampling is a critical design requirement. A recent RD-based CS system has been shown to effectively acquire and recover frequency sparse, high-order modulated multiband signals which have been precoloured by an autoregressive (AR) filter. A shortcoming of this AR-RD architecture is that precolouring imposes additional computational cost on the signal transmission system. This paper introduces a novel CS architecture which seamlessly embeds a precolouring matrix (PM) into the signal recovery stage of the RD model (iPM-RD) with the PM depending only upon the AR filter coefficients, which are readily available. Experimental results using sparse wideband quadrature phased shift keying (QPSK) and 64 quadrature amplitude modulation 64QAM) signals confirm the iPM-RD model provides improved CS performance compared with the RD, while incurring no performance degradation compared with the original AR-RD architecture

    The clustering of galaxies in the SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey : baryon acoustic oscillations in the Data Releases 10 and 11 Galaxy samples

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    We present a one per cent measurement of the cosmic distance scale from the detections of the baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) in the clustering of galaxies from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey, which is part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III. Our results come from the Data Release 11 (DR11) sample, containing nearly one million galaxies and covering approximately 8500 square degrees and the redshift range 0.2 < z < 0.7. We also compare these results with those from the publicly released DR9 and DR10 samples. Assuming a concordance Λ cold dark matter (ΛCDM) cosmological model, the DR11 sample covers a volume of 13 Gpc3 and is the largest region of the Universe ever surveyed at this density. We measure the correlation function and power spectrum, including density-field reconstruction of the BAO feature. The acoustic features are detected at a significance of over 7σ in both the correlation function and power spectrum. Fitting for the position of the acoustic features measures the distance relative to the sound horizon at the drag epoch, rd, which has a value of rd,fid = 149.28 Mpc in our fiducial cosmology. We find DV = (1264 ± 25 Mpc)(rd/rd,fid) at z = 0.32 and DV = (2056 ± 20 Mpc)(rd/rd,fid) at z = 0.57. At 1.0 per cent, this latter measure is the most precise distance constraint ever obtained from a galaxy survey. Separating the clustering along and transverse to the line of sight yields measurements at z = 0.57 of DA = (1421 ± 20 Mpc)(rd/rd,fid) and H = (96.8 ± 3.4 km s−1 Mpc−1)(rd,fid/rd). Our measurements of the distance scale are in good agreement with previous BAO measurements and with the predictions from cosmic microwave background data for a spatially flat CDM model with a cosmological constant.Publisher PDFPeer reviewe

    Do tasks make a difference? Accounting for heterogeneity of performance of children with reading difficulties on tasks of executive function : findings from a meta-analysis

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    Research studies have implicated executive functions in reading difficulties (RD). But while some studies have found children with RD to be impaired on tasks of executive function other studies report unimpaired performance. A meta-analysis was carried out to determine whether these discrepant findings can be accounted for by differences in the tasks of executive function that are utilized. A total of 48 studies comparing the performance on tasks of executive function of children with RD with their typically developing peers were included in the meta-analysis, yielding 180 effect sizes. An overall effect size of 0.57 (SE .03) was obtained, indicating that children with RD have impairments on tasks of executive function. However, effect sizes varied considerably suggesting that the impairment is not uniform. Moderator analysis revealed that task modality and IQ-achievement discrepancy definitions of RD influenced the magnitude of effect; however, the age and gender of participants and the nature of the RD did not have an influence. While the children's RD were associated with executive function impairments, variation in effect size is a product of the assessment task employed, underlying task demands, and definitional criteria