41,567 research outputs found

    Transmission of social participations. Hereditary succession and dissolution of community of property in the limited liability company

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    RESUMEN:La Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada se rige por el principio intuitu personae.Por esta raz贸n ,en la transmisi贸n inter vivos de participaciones ,se exige la previa comunicaci贸n a la sociedad de la venta prevista con las menciones correspondientes as铆 como la aceptaci贸n de la Sociedad, sin perjuicio del derecho de adquisici贸n preferente que ostentan los socios de la sociedad. La transmisi贸n de participaciones mortis causa son libres al igual que las transmisiones inter vivos a favor del c贸nyuge , ascendiente o descendiente. En la sociedad de responsabilidad limitada,la disoluci贸n de la sociedad de gananciales se traduce en la entrega de un valor econ贸mico al c贸nyuge no socio. Las participaciones adquiridas constante matrimonio ganancial se presumen gananciales salvo prueba de privatividad de las mismas por ser adquiridas con dinero privativo del c贸nyuge socio.ABSTRACT: The limited liability company is governed by the principle Intuitu persone. For this reason,in the transmission of inter vivos shares, the prior notification to the company of the planned sale with the corresponding mentions as well as the acceptance of the Company is required, without prejudice to the preferential acquisition right held by the partners of the company. The transmission of mortis mortis causa shares are free as well as inter vivo transmissions in favor of the spouse, ascendant or descendant. In the limited liability company,the dissolution of community of property translates into the delivery of an economic value to the non-member spouse. The shares acquired constant marital property are presumed joint property except proof of their privatization by being acquired with money of the partner spouse.M谩ster en Acceso a la Profesi贸n de Abogad

    Serving to secure "Global Korea": Gender, mobility, and flight attendant labor migrants

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    This dissertation is an ethnography of mobility and modernity in contemporary South Korea (the Republic of Korea) following neoliberal restructuring precipitated by the Asian Financial Crisis (1997). It focuses on how comparative 鈥渟ervice,鈥 鈥渟ecurity,鈥 and 鈥渟afety鈥 fashioned 鈥淕lobal Korea鈥: an ongoing state-sponsored project aimed at promoting the economic, political, and cultural maturation of South Korea from a once notoriously inhospitable, 鈥渂ackward鈥 country (hujin鈥檊uk) to a now welcoming, 鈥渁dvanced country鈥 (s艔njin鈥檊uk). Through physical embodiments of the culturally-specific idiom of 鈥渟uperior鈥 service (s艔bis怒), I argue that aspiring, current, and former Korean flight attendants have driven the production and maintenance of this national project. More broadly, as a driver of this national project, this occupation has emerged out of the country鈥檚 own aspirational flights from an earlier history of authoritarian rule, labor violence, and xenophobia. Against the backdrop of the Korean state鈥檚 aggressive neoliberal restructuring, globalization efforts, and current 鈥淗ell Chosun鈥 (Helchos艔n) economy, a group of largely academically and/or class disadvantaged young women have been able secure individualized modes of pleasure, self-fulfillment, and class advancement via what I deem 鈥渟ervice mobilities.鈥 Service mobilities refers to the participation of mostly women in a traditionally devalued but growing sector of the global labor market, the 鈥減ink collar鈥 economy centered around 鈥渇eminine鈥 care labor. Korean female flight attendants share labor skills resembling those of other foreign labor migrants (chiefly from the 鈥淕lobal South鈥), who perform care work deemed less desirable. Yet, Korean female flight attendants elude the stigmatizing, classed, and racialized category of 鈥渓abor migrant.鈥 Moreover, within the context of South Korea鈥檚 unique history of rapid modernization, the flight attendant occupation also commands considerable social prestige. Based on ethnographic and archival research on aspiring, current, and former Korean flight attendants, this dissertation asks how these unique care laborers negotiate a metaphorical and literal series of sustained border crossings and inspections between Korean flight attendants鈥 contingent status as lowly care-laboring migrants, on the one hand, and ostensibly glamorous, globetrotting elites, on the other. This study contends the following: first, the flight attendant occupation in South Korea represents new politics of pleasure and pain in contemporary East Asia. Second, Korean female flight attendants鈥 enactments of soft, sanitized, and glamorous (hwary艔hada) service help to purify South Korea鈥檚 less savory past. In so doing, Korean flight attendants reconstitute the historical role of female laborers as burden bearers and caretakers of the Korean state.U of I OnlyAuthor submitted a 2-year U of I restriction extension request

    On rate optimal private regression under local differential privacy

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    We consider the problem of estimating a regression function from anonymized data in the framework of local differential privacy. We propose a novel partitioning estimate of the regression function, derive a rate of convergence for the excess prediction risk over H\"older classes, and prove a matching lower bound. In contrast to the existing literature on the problem the so-called strong density assumption on the design distribution is obsolete.Comment: Revised versio

    Intermodal Terminal Subsystem Technology Selection Using Integrated Fuzzy MCDM Model

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    Intermodal transportation is the use of multiple modes of transportation, which can lead to greater sustainability by reducing environmental impact and traf铿乧 congestion and increasing the ef铿乧iency of supply chains. One of the preconditions for ef铿乧ient intermodal transport is the ef铿乧ient intermodal terminal (IT). ITs allow for the smooth and ef铿乧ient handling of cargo, thus reducing the time, cost, and environmental impact of transportation. Adequate selection of subsystem technologies can signi铿乧antly improve the ef铿乧iency and productivity of an IT, ultimately leading to cost savings for businesses and a more ef铿乧ient and sustainable transportation system. Accordingly, this paper aims to establish a framework for the evaluation and selection of appropriate technologies for IT subsystems. To solve the de铿乶ed problem, an innovative hybrid multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) model, which combines the fuzzy factor relationship (FFARE) and the fuzzy combinative distance-based assessment (FCODAS) methods, is developed in this paper. The FFARE method is used for obtaining criteria weights, while the FCODAS method is used for evaluation and a 铿乶al ranking of the alternatives. The established framework and the model are tested on a real-life case study, evaluating and selecting the handling technology for a planned IT. The study de铿乶es 12 potential variants of handling equipment based on their techno-operational characteristics and evaluates them using 16 criteria. The results indicate that the best handling technology variant is the one that uses a rail-mounted gantry crane for trans-shipment and a reach stacker for horizontal transport and storage. The results also point to the conclusion that instead of choosing equipment for each process separately, it is important to think about the combination of different handling technologies that can work together to complete a series of handling cycle processes. The main contributions of this paper are the development of a new hybrid model and the establishment of a framework for the selection of appropriate IT subsystem technologies along with a set of unique criteria for their evaluation and selection

    Subsidiary Entrepreneurial Alertness: Antecedents and Outcomes

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    This thesis brings together concepts from both international business and entrepreneurship to develop a framework of the facilitators of subsidiary innovation and performance. This study proposes that Subsidiary Entrepreneurial Alertness (SEA) facilitates the recognition of opportunities (the origin of subsidiary initiatives). First introduced by Kirzner (1979) in the context of the individual, entrepreneurial alertness (EA) is the ability to notice an opportunity without actively searching. Similarly, to entrepreneurial alertness at the individual level, this study argues that SEA enables the subsidiary to best select opportunities based on resources available. The research further develops our conceptualisation of SEA by drawing on work by Tang et al. (2012) identifying three distinct activities of EA: scanning and search (identifying opportunities unseen by others due to their awareness gaps), association and connection of information, and evaluation and judgement to interpret or anticipate future viability of opportunities. This study then hypothesises that SEA leads to opportunity recognition at the subsidiary level and further hypothesises innovation and performance as outcomes of opportunity recognition. This research brings these arguments together to develop and test a comprehensive theoretical model. The theoretical model is tested through a mail survey of the CEOs/MDs of foreign subsidiaries within the Republic of Ireland (an innovative hub for foreign subsidiaries). This method was selected as the best method to reach the targeted respondent, and due to the depth of knowledge the target respondent holds, the survey can answer the desired question more substantially. The results were examined using partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM). The study鈥檚 findings confirm two critical aspects of subsidiary context, subsidiary brokerage and subsidiary credibility are positively related to SEA. The study establishes a positive link between SEA and both the generation of innovation and the subsidiary鈥檚 performance. This thesis makes three significant contributions to the subsidiary literature as it 1) introduces and develops the concept of SEA, 2) identifies the antecedents of SEA, and 3) demonstrates the impact of SEA on subsidiary opportunity recognition. Implications for subsidiaries, headquarters and policy makers are discussed along with the limitations of the study

    Central-provincial Politics and Industrial Policy-making in the Electric Power Sector in China

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    In addition to the studies that provide meaningful insights into the complexity of technical and economic issues, increasing studies have focused on the political process of market transition in network industries such as the electric power sector. This dissertation studies the central鈥損rovincial interactions in industrial policy-making and implementation, and attempts to evaluate the roles of Chinese provinces in the market reform process of the electric power sector. Market reforms of this sector are used as an illustrative case because the new round of market reforms had achieved some significant breakthroughs in areas such as pricing reform and wholesale market trading. Other policy measures, such as the liberalization of the distribution market and cross-regional market-building, are still at a nascent stage and have only scored moderate progress. It is important to investigate why some policy areas make greater progress in market reforms than others. It is also interesting to examine the impacts of Chinese central-provincial politics on producing the different market reform outcomes. Guangdong and Xinjiang are two provinces being analyzed in this dissertation. The progress of market reforms in these two provinces showed similarities although the provinces are very different in terms of local conditions such as the stages of their economic development and energy structures. The actual reform can be understood as the outcomes of certain modes of interactions between the central and provincial actors in the context of their particular capabilities and preferences in different policy areas. This dissertation argues that market reform is more successful in policy areas where the central and provincial authorities are able to engage mainly in integrative negotiations than in areas where they engage mainly in distributive negotiations

    Halal Certification Process by Local Governments and Muslim Organizations in Australia

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    The research article will discuss the halal certification process and the cooperation of Muslim organizations in Australia with local governments. in Australia. A halal certificate is a legal document issued by the government that certifies that the meat was produced in accordance with Islamic law. Australia is the world's largest meat-producing country. This makes Australia must meet the demand of producers. With the export of meat consumed by Muslim countries, Australia must have halal certification for its consumer products, this is due to requests submitted by Muslim countries themselves. Halal certification is a hot topic of discussion. especially issues of funding a product to receive halal certification. The price of acquiring a halal certification varies greatly depending on the product, the organization, the location of the certification office, and whether the food will be exported or will only be consumed domestically

    Universalisation de l鈥櫭ヾucation en Uruguay聽: les droits en question

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    La R茅publique orientale de l鈥橴ruguay est le plus petit pays d鈥橝m茅rique du Sud, apr猫s le Surinam, avec une surface de 176聽215聽km虏. Avec 3聽286聽314 habitants, selon le dernier recensement de l鈥橧nstitut national de statistiques (INE) en聽2011, elle se situe au dixi猫me rang des douze pays d鈥橝m茅rique du Sud. Montevideo, la capitale, est la ville la plus peupl茅e avec 1,3聽million d鈥檋abitants et une zone m茅tropolitaine d鈥檈nviron 2聽millions, soit 56,3聽% de la population totale. Selon les Nations unies, ..