594,511 research outputs found

    Ferroelectric Mott-Hubbard phase in organic conductors

    Full text link
    We present key issues of related phenomenons of the Ferroelectricity and the Charge Disproportionation in organic metals. In (TMTTF_2X the dielectric susceptibility demonstrates clear cases of the ferroelectric and anti-ferroelectric phase transitions. Both the susceptibility and the conductivity prove independence and occasional coexistence of "structurless" ferroelectric transitions and usual "anionic" ones. Their sequence gives access to physics of three types of solitons emerging upon cooling via several steps of symmetry breaking. The theory invokes a concept of the Combined Mott-Hubbard State which focuses upon weak processes of electronic Umklapp scattering coming from both the build-in nonequivalence of bonds and the spontaneous one of sites. We propose that the charge ordering in its form of the ferroelectricity exists hiddenly even in the Se subfamily (TMTSF)_2X, giving rise to the unexplained yet low frequency optical peak and the enhanced pseudogap.Comment: Proceedings of the ICSM 200

    Impurity effect on low-temperature polarisation of the charge-density-waves in o-TaS3_3

    Full text link
    The temperature dependence of the low-temperature dielectric response is studied in o-TaS3_3 samples doped by Nb, Se, and Ni and for nominally pure ones. It is found, that the low-temperature dielectric constant depends anomalously on doping and is higher for doped crystals, whereas the temperature dependence of the characteristic time of all samples follows the activation law with nearly the same activation energy 400\sim 400 K (T>20 K). The observed behaviour is inconsistent with all available explanations of the low-temperature dielectric anomaly.Comment: RevTex, 12 pages, epsf, 2 postscript Figures. Accepted for publication in Physics Letters

    The ferroelectric Mott-Hubbard phase of organic (TMTTF)2X conductors

    Full text link
    We present experimental evidences for a ferro-electric transition in the family of quasi one- dimensional conductors (TMTTF)2X. We interpret this new transition in the frame of the combined Mott-Hubbard state taking into account the double action of the spontaneous charge disproportionation on the TMTTF molecular stacks and of the X anionic potentials

    Finding new directors: The Law of supply and demand

    Get PDF
    Illustrations not included in Web versio

    Torque and temperature dependence of the hysteretic voltage-induced torsional strain in tantalum trisulfide

    Full text link
    We have measured the dependence of the hysteretic voltage-induced torsional strain (VITS) in crystals of orthorhombic tantalum trisulfide on temperature and applied torque. In particular, applying square-wave voltages above the charge-density-wave (CDW) threshold voltage, so as to abruptly switch the strain across its hysteresis loop, we have found that the time constant for the VITS to switch (at different temperatures and voltages) varied as the CDW current. Application of torque to the crystal could also change the VITS time constant, magnitude, and sign, suggesting that the VITS is a consequence of residual torsional strain in the sample which twist the CDW. Application of voltage changes the pitch of these CDW twists, which then act back on the lattice. However, it remains difficult to understand the sluggishness of the response.Comment: 20 pages, including 7 figures, to be published in PR

    Highly efficient 5\u27 capping of mitochondrial RNA with NAD+ and NADH by yeast and human mitochondrial RNA polymerase

    Get PDF
    Bacterial and eukaryotic nuclear RNA polymerases (RNAPs) cap RNA with the oxidized and reduced forms of the metabolic effector nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, NAD+ and NADH, using NAD+ and NADH as non-canonical initiating nucleotides for transcription initiation. Here, we show that mitochondrial RNAPs (mtRNAPs) cap RNA with NAD+ and NADH, and do so more efficiently than nuclear RNAPs. Direct quantitation of NAD+- and NADH-capped RNA demonstrates remarkably high levels of capping in vivo: up to ~60% NAD+ and NADH capping of yeast mitochondrial transcripts, and up to ~15% NAD+ capping of human mitochondrial transcripts. The capping efficiency is determined by promoter sequence at, and upstream of, the transcription start site and, in yeast and human cells, by intracellular NAD+ and NADH levels. Our findings indicate mtRNAPs serve as both sensors and actuators in coupling cellular metabolism to mitochondrial transcriptional outputs, sensing NAD+ and NADH levels and adjusting transcriptional outputs accordingly. © 2018, Bird et al

    Preferential utilization of NADPH as the endogenous electron donor for NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) in intact pulmonary arterial endothelial cells

    Get PDF
    The goal was to determine whether endogenous cytosolic NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) preferentially uses NADPH or NADH in intact pulmonary arterial endothelial cells in culture. The approach was to manipulate the redox status of the NADH/NAD+ and NADPH/NADP+ redox pairs in the cytosolic compartment using treatment conditions targeting glycolysis and the pentose phosphate pathway alone or with lactate, and to evaluate the impact on the intact cell NQO1 activity. Cells were treated with 2-deoxyglucose, iodoacetate, or epiandrosterone in the absence or presence of lactate, NQO1 activity was measured in intact cells using duroquinone as the electron acceptor, and pyridine nucleotide redox status was measured in total cell KOH extracts by high-performance liquid chromatography. 2-Deoxyglucose decreased NADH/NAD+ and NADPH/NADP+ ratios by 59 and 50%, respectively, and intact cell NQO1 activity by 74%; lactate restored NADH/NAD+, but not NADPH/NADP+ or NQO1 activity. Iodoacetate decreased NADH/NAD+ but had no detectable effect on NADPH/NADP+ or NQO1 activity. Epiandrosterone decreased NQO1 activity by 67%, and although epiandrosterone alone did not alter the NADPH/NADP+ or NADH/NAD+ ratio, when the NQO1 electron acceptor duroquinone was also present, NADPH/NADP+ decreased by 84% with no impact on NADH/NAD+. Duroquinone alone also decreased NADPH/NADP+ but not NADH/NAD+. The results suggest that NQO1 activity is more tightly coupled to the redox status of the NADPH/NADP+ than NADH/NAD+ redox pair, and that NADPH is the endogenous NQO1 electron donor. Parallel studies of pulmonary endothelial transplasma membrane electron transport (TPMET), another redox process that draws reducing equivalents from the cytosol, confirmed previous observations of a correlation with the NADH/NAD+ ratio

    Сравнительный анализ технологических схем измельчения руд меди на польском предприятии KGHM POLSKA MIEDŹ S.A.

    Get PDF
    Приведено огляд технологічних схем подрібнення мідних руд на підприємтсві KGHM POLSKA MIEDŹ S.A. (Польща) та їх порівняльний аналіз.Приведен обзор технологических схем измельчения медных руд на предприятии KGHM POLSKA MIEDŹ S.A. (Польша) и их сравнительный анализ
    corecore