84,760 research outputs found

    Fuentes externas de informaci√≥n para el desarrollo de innovaciones: un an√°lisis de la evidencia en Europa y Espa√Īa

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    p. 181-238La creciente complejidad y dinamismo que caracterizan los entornos actuales han obligado a las empresas a complementar su base interna de conocimientos con otros procedentes del exterior. As√≠, entre las diversas alternativas existentes, la cooperaci√≥n con clientes y usuarios en materia de innovaci√≥n se perfila como una de las m√°s importantes fuentes de ideas innovadoras. Por este motivo, el presente trabajo profundiza en el an√°lisis de distintas fuentes de informaci√≥n utilizadas por empresas europeas y espa√Īolas para el desarrollo de innovaciones, resaltando la importancia de las aportaciones realizadas por estos agentes. La investigaci√≥n se completa con un estudio emp√≠rico en el que se compara la influencia de cuatro tipos de cooperaci√≥n (con clientes, proveedores, universidades y expertos/ firmas consultoras) sobre la intensidad de la actividad innovadora en un conjunto de veinte sectores productivos espa√Īoles. De √©l se desprende que la colaboraci√≥n con clientes para el desarrollo de innovaciones incide significativamente sobre dicha intensidad y que es un buen indicador de la importancia que la organizaci√≥n otorga a estas actividades.S

    Relationship between personality and academic motivation in education degrees students

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    p. 327-341The present study aims to understand the relationship between the big five factors of personality and academic motivation. In addition, the following variables are taken into consideration; sex, age and type of educational studies. A quantitative methodology is used, in base to a not experimental, correlational study. The sample is composed of 514 students of the Faculty of Education of Leon’s University, between the three education degrees. To gather the information, participants were asked to complete the Learning and Motivation Strategies Questionnaire (CEAM) and the Personality Questionnaire Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI). The results show the significant relationship between personality facets and motivation variables. It should be noted that female results were higher in the values of intrinsic motivation, motivation towards teamwork, neuroticism, and kindness, and the male results were higher in self-efficacy. Additionally, it was observed that intrinsic motivation decreases progressively from the first to the fourth year of the degree, the need for recognition decreases in the two last study years, and the openness to experiences is higher in the last year of the degree. Finally, Social Education students are those that show a higher intrinsic motivation, self-efficacy, total motivation, openness to experiences, and neuroticism, while Primary Education students’ results were higher in the need for recognition.S

    The effect of peer-to-peer (P2P) accommodations on the local economy: evidence from Madrid

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    This paper investigates the effect of P2P accommodations on the local economy of the city of Madrid. We find that the arrival of Airbnb has fostered food and beverage services. We exploit the exogenous variation created by the timing and the unequal distribution of Airbnb listings across the urban geography to identify its effects on the number and employment of food and beverage services. Using an instrumental variable strategy, we find positive effects on both the number of restaurants and their employees: an increase in ten Airbnb rooms in a given census tract translates to one more restaurant, and the same increase in a given neighbourhood generates nine new tourist-related employees. The results are robust to sample composition, spatial spillovers and alternative measures of tourist-related activities. This paper contributes to the literature on the economic impacts of the platform economy on urban areas by providing evidence of positive economic externalities from P2P accommodations

    Does international patent collaboration have an effect on entrepreneurship?

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    .Entrepreneurship is one of the main pillars of growth in any economy. Achieving a high rate of entrepreneurship in a region has become the priority objective of governments and firms. However, in many cases, new firm creation is conditioned by relations or collaboration in innovation with agents from other countries. Previous literature has analyzed the mechanisms that foster entrepreneurship. This paper attempts to shed light on the influence of international patent collaboration (IPC) on entrepreneurial activity at country level taking into account the timing of this relationship. An empirical study is proposed to verify whether IPC leads to greater entrepreneurship and to analyze the gestation period between international patenting actions and firm creation. Using the Generalized Method of Moments, the two hypotheses proposed were tested in a data panel of 30 countries for the period 2005‚Äď2017. Results show the influence of IPC in promoting entrepreneurship in the same year, but especially in the following year. The study offers implications for entrepreneurs and public agents. IPC affects the integration and interaction of international agents in a country, favors the production of new knowledge, and increases positive externalities in a territory. All this facilitates the creation of new companies with a high innovative component.S

    Identidad Corporativa en la Administraci√≥n P√ļblica. Diagn√≥stico comunicacional de la Subdirecci√≥n de Capacitaciones del Gobierno de la Provincia de C√≥rdoba

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    Trabajo Final para optar al grado acad√©mico de Licenciatura en Comunicaci√≥n Social, Universidad Nacional de C√≥rdoba Calificaci√≥n 10 (diez) Orientaci√≥n mixta (Gr√°fica/Institucional)El presente trabajo se centra en una investigaci√≥n de tipo diagn√≥stica llevada a cabo en la Subdirecci√≥n de Capacitaci√≥n del Gobierno de la Provincia de C√≥rdoba. En la investigaci√≥n se reconocen y analizan, a partir de un marco te√≥rico construido en base a los aportes de los autores Paul Capriotti, Daniel Scheinsohn y Michael Ritter, distintas categor√≠as conceptuales de la identidad corporativa y de la comunicaci√≥n interna de la Subdirecci√≥n, mediante el uso de diferentes fuentes y herramientas de recolecci√≥n de datos. La propuesta procura diagnosticar de manera descriptiva el funcionamiento del √°rea a trav√©s de un an√°lisis exhaustivo que incluye los t√≥picos te√≥ricos relacionados con la identidad corporativa y su comunicaci√≥n, a partir de indagaciones realizadas a los actores participantes de la din√°mica comunicacional del √°rea. El an√°lisis se orienta al p√ļblico interno, espec√≠ficamente a los directivos del √°rea y a los agentes que desempe√Īan sus funciones laborales en la dependencia. A partir de estas unidades de an√°lisis, se considera fundamental prestar atenci√≥n al factor humano en la organizaci√≥n.Fil: D√≠az Bravo, Gustavo. Universidad Nacional de C√≥rdoba. Facultad de Ciencias de la Comunicaci√≥n; Argentina.Fil: Ortiz, Nicomedes. Universidad Nacional de C√≥rdoba. Facultad de Ciencias de la Comunicaci√≥n; Argentina.Fil: Torres, Jos√© Ignacio. Universidad Nacional de C√≥rdoba. Facultad de Ciencias de la Comunicaci√≥n; Argentina

    Sponsorship image and value creation in E-sports

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    .E-sports games can drive the sports industry forward and sponsorship is the best way to engage consumers of this new sport. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of sponsorship image and consumer participation in co-creation consumption activities on fans’ sponsorship response (represented by the variables interest, purchase intention and word of mouth) in e-sports. Four antecedent variables build sponsorship image (i.e., ubiquity of sport, sincerity of sponsor, attitude to sponsor and team identification). A quantitative approach is used for the purposes of this study. Some 445 questionnaires were filled in by fans who watch e-sports in Spain; these are analyzed using partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). The outcomes show that sponsor antecedents are crucial factors if a sponsor wants to change their sponsorship image and influence sponsorship response, and that it is also possible to use participation to improve responsesS

    How Does Reciprocity Affect Undergraduate Student Orientation towards Stakeholders?

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    5987Nowadays, students are more aware of the impact of companies on their stakeholders and the need for properly handling their expectations to operationalize corporate social responsibility. Nevertheless, little is known about how certain individual traits may relate to their stance on the issue. This exploratory research contributes to stakeholder theory by analysing the e ect of the individual’s decision-making process, including the consideration of their social preferences, on their orientation toward stakeholder management. Here, we draw upon a theoretical model for resource-allocation decision-making consisting of reciprocal and non-reciprocal components. Our data, from undergraduate students enrolled in di erent degrees, were collected through a questionnaire and two social within-subject experiments (ultimatum and dictator games). Thus, our results show that the presence of a reciprocal component when decisions are made is positively linked to an instrumental orientation toward stakeholders. In addition, a greater non-reciprocal component in the decision-making process corresponds to a more normative orientation.S

    Introduction to Special Issue ‚ÄúAdvances in Sustainability-Oriented Innovations‚ÄĚ

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    8836This Special Issue focuses on the study of Sustainability-Oriented Innovations (SOIs). Our purpose is to shed light on the SOIs literature regarding their determining factors, implications and new challenges for the future. In this editorial, we are delighted to present the three papers included in this Special Issue. Each of them tackles di erent issues related to SOIs having important academic and managerial implications. Two papers analyze the influence of SOIs on urban development and resource productivity, respectively, and the third studies SOIs determinants, in particular, cooperation networks. Moreover, two of the papers analyze SOIs considering territory (cities or countries) as their unit of analysis while the third focuses on firms. This denotes that SOIs’ actions are important whatever the level of analysis and as either a determinant or a consequence.S

    What is the importance of sperm subpopulations?

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    .The study of sperm subpopulations spans three decades. The origin, meaning, and practical significance, however, are less clear. Current technology for assessing sperm morphology (CASA-Morph) and motility (CASA-Mot) has enabled the accurate evaluation of these features, and there are many options for data classification. Subpopulations could occur as a result of the stage of development of each spermatozoon in the subpopulation. Spermatogenesis might contribute to the production of these subpopulations. Insights from evolutionary biology and recent molecular research are indicative of the diversity among male gametes that could occur from unequal sharing of transcripts and other elements through cytoplasmic bridges between spermatids. Sperm cohorts exiting the gonads would contain different RNA and protein contents, affecting the spermatozoon physiology and associations with the surrounding environmental milieu. Subsequently, these differences could affect how spermatozoa interact with the environmental milieu (maturation, mixing with seminal plasma, and interacting with the environmental milieu, or female genital tract and female gamete). The emergence of sperm subpopulations as an outcome of evolution, related to the reproductive strategies of the species, genital tract structures, and copulatory and fertilization processes. This kind of approach in determining the importance of sperm subpopulations in fertilization capacity should have a practical impact for conducting reproductive technologies, inspiring and enabling new ways for the more efficient use of spermatozoa in the medical, animal breeding, and conservation fields. This manuscript is a contribution to the Special Issue in memory of Dr. Duane GarnerS

    Editorial

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    P. 141-143Los cambios en el sistema educativo han ido orientados hacia lo que se conoce como Nueva Educaci√≥n. De forma paulatina se ha ido avanzando desde una docencia orientada a la ense√Īanza, hacia la ense√Īanza basada en el aprendizaje, acompa√Īada por el auge de las Tecnolog√≠as de la Informaci√≥n y la Comunicaci√≥n (TIC), la atenci√≥n a la diversidad y la contribuci√≥n y desarrollo de las competencias clave.S
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