2,151 research outputs found

    Discourse Analysis of Oliver Twist from the Perspective of Pragmatics

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    As a great representative of the British realism literature in the 19th century, Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist is set in foggy city London, but reflects the complex social reality in that time. Many domestic scholars studied and analyzed this novel from different perspectives, while most of them paid much attention to the literature translation and analysis of the characters’ image, few studied it from the perspective of pragmatic theories. In view of it, this paper selects plenty of dialogues from the novel and they are classified and analyzed on the basis of Grice’s Cooperative Principle and Leech’s Politeness Principle. After analyzing the characters’ conversational implicature, this paper aims to provide a linguistic reference for the appreciation of characters’ image and social significance of the novel. The paper consists of introduction, main body and conclusion three parts. Introduction part gives a simple introduction of the author Charles Dickens and the novel, then states the previous researches on the subject as well as the research angle, goal and method. The body (consists of two chapters) firstly gives a detailed introduction of the theoretical framework, then analyzes the selected dialogues on the basis of Cooperative Principle and Politeness Principle respectively. Conclusion part puts forward that people always express their ideas indirectly and implicitly in their speech communication to violate the Cooperative Principle, that is out of consideration of politeness to others, namely observing Politeness Principle

    Analysis of Discourses in Jane Eyre From the Perspective of Pragmatics

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    Jane Eyre, as an autobiography of the author Charlotte Bronte, which has been credited as an “influential feminist text” by the Penguin edition since it was published in 1847, in London, England. It is a novel about the orphan Jane Eyre’s lifetime who experienced lots of difficulties and distress and finally lived a happy life. Many scholars studied the novel from different perspectives, and most of them studied it mainly form the following five aspects: exploring the feminism in the novel; analyzing the characters’ images based on Appraisal theory; discussing the protagonists’ dual character based on Freudian psychoanalysis; exploring the Christian cultural elements in the novel from the point view of religion and culture; elaborating the real reasons why the two leading characters had a tortuous relationship by applying Ethical literary criticism. While few studied it from the point view of pragmatic theories. Given this, the paper selects typical dialogues from the novel and analyzes them on the basis of Grice’s Cooperative Principle and Leech’s Politeness Principle, in the hope of revealing the speakers’ conversational implicature and providing an unique visual angle for the appreciation of the novel.

    Analysis of Dickens' Critique and Humanity Spirit in Oliver Twist Based on the Appraisal Theory

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    As the greatest representative of English critical realism, Charles Dickens’ novel Oliver Twist reflects the complex social reality in his time and manifests the author’s humanity spirit especially to the poor and the lower class. The paper uses the attitude sub-system in appraisal theory as analytical framework, chooses the attitude resources related to the protagonist Oliver as research material, mainly analyzes his personality characteristics at lexical level. The study aims to reveal the author’s humanity spirit that lurked in the discourse after construing Oliver’s image in that social background and his critique spirit to the society, in the hope of deepening our understanding of the significance of the theme of the novel, and providing a linguistic reference for the appreciation of literature work. At the same time, this study further confirms the value of appraisal theory in discourse analysis and appreciation

    trans-Tetra­aqua­bis(nicotinamide-κN)cadmium(II) biphenyl-4,4′-disulfonate

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    In the title compound, [Cd(C6H6N2O)2(H2O)4](C10H8O6S2), the CdII ion is located on a crystallographic inversion centre. An octa­hedral coordination geometry is defined by four water mol­ecules in one plane, and two trans N-atom donors of the nicotinamide ligands. The biphenyl-4,4′-disulfonate anion also lies on a crystallographic inversion centre. In the crystal structure, the complex cations are connected to the counter-anions via N—H⋯O and O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming a three-dimensional network

    Associations among neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation, physical activity facilities, and physical activity in youth during the transition from childhood to adolescence

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    BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine the longitudinal association of neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation (SED) with physical activity in youth during the transition from elementary to middle school, and to determine if access to physical activity facilities moderates this relationship. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Transitions and Activity Changes in Kids (TRACK) study, which was a multilevel, longitudinal study designed to identify the factors that influence changes in physical activity as youth transition from elementary to middle school. The analytic sample for the current study included 660 youth with complete data in grades 5 (baseline) and 7 (follow-up). A repeated measures multilevel framework was employed to examine the relationship between SED and physical activity over time and the potential moderating role of elements of the built environment. RESULTS: Decreases in physical activity varied by the degree of neighborhood SED with youth residing in the most deprived neighborhoods experiencing the greatest declines in physical activity. Access to supportive physical activity facilities did not moderate this relationship. CONCLUSION: Future research studies are needed to better understand how neighborhood SED influences youth physical activity over time
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