2,646 research outputs found

    SUSY-QCD corrections in the squark-gluino sector

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    A status report is given of the calculations of next-to-leading-order (N=1N=1) supersymmetric QCD corrections to the production of squarks and gluinos in ppˉ/ppp\bar{p}/pp collisions. The implementation of these SUSY-QCD corrections leads to more stable theoretical predictions and to a substantial increase of the production cross-sections. In addition we give a discussion of the use of the MS\overline{MS} scheme for renormalizing the coupling constants in the QCD sector of (N=1N=1) supersymmetric theories.Comment: 6 two-column pages, tar'ed gzip'ed uuencoded files, LaTeX, 7 Encapsulated Postscript figures, uses epsfig and espcrc2. To appear in the proceedings of the 1996 Zeuthen Workshop on Elementary Particle Theory: "QCD and QED in Higher Orders", J.Bl\"umlein, F.Jegerlehner, and T.Riemann eds. Complete postscript file available at http://rulgm4.LeidenUniv.nl/preprints.htm

    Thermal radiation and amplified spontaneous emission from a random medium

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    We compute the statistics of thermal emission from systems in which the radiation is scattered chaotically, by relating the photocount distribution to the scattering matrix - whose statistical properties are known from random-matrix theory. We find that the super-Poissonian noise is that of a black body with a reduced number of degrees of freedom. The general theory is applied to a disordered slab and to a chaotic cavity, and is extended to include amplifying as well as absorbing systems. We predict an excess noise of amplified spontaneous emission in a random laser below the laser threshold.Comment: 4 pages, including 2 figure

    Random-matrix theory of Majorana fermions and topological superconductors

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    I. Introduction (What is new in RMT, Superconducting quasiparticles, Experimental platforms) II. Topological superconductivity (Kitaev chain, Majorana operators, Majorana zero-modes, Phase transition beyond mean-field) III. Fundamental symmetries (Particle-hole symmetry, Majorana representation, Time-reversal and chiral symmetry) IV. Hamiltonian ensembles (The ten-fold way, Midgap spectral peak, Energy level repulsion) V. Scattering matrix ensembles (Fundamental symmetries, Chaotic scattering, Circular ensembles, Topological quantum numbers) VI. Electrical conduction (Majorana nanowire, Counting Majorana zero-modes, Conductance distribution, Weak antilocalization, Andreev resonances, Shot noise of Majorana edge modes) VII. Thermal conduction (Topological phase transitions, Super-universality, Heat transport by Majorana edge modes, Thermopower and time-delay matrix, Andreev billiard with chiral symmetry) VIII. Josephson junctions (Fermion parity switches, 4{\pi}-periodic Josephson effect, Discrete vortices) IX. ConclusionComment: V1: 18 pages, 16 figures; pre-submission version, for feedback; V2: 33 pages, 31 figures; greatly expanded in response to feedback, thank you!; V3: minor corrections, version to be published in Reviews of Modern Physic

    Exactly Solvable Scaling Theory of Conduction in Disordered Wires

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    Recent developments are reviewed in the scaling theory of phase-coherent conduction through a disordered wire. The Dorokhov-Mello-Pereyra-Kumar equation for the distribution of transmission eigenvalues has been solved exactly, in the absence of time-reversal symmetry. Comparison with the previous prediction of random-matrix theory shows that this prediction was highly accurate --- but not exact: The repulsion of the smallest eigenvalues was overestimated by a factor of two. This factor of two resolves several disturbing discrepancies between random-matrix theory and microscopic calculations, notably in the magnitude of the universal conductance fluctuations in the metallic regime, and in the width of the log-normal conductance distribution in the insulating regime. ***To be published as a "Brief Review" in Modern Physics Letters B.****Comment: 9 pages, LATEX, INLO-PUB-940309

    Switching of electrical current by spin precession in the first Landau level of an inverted-gap semiconductor

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    We show how the quantum Hall effect in an inverted-gap semiconductor (with electron- and hole-like states at the conduction- and valence-band edges interchanged) can be used to inject, precess, and detect the electron spin along a one-dimensional pathway. The restriction of the electron motion to a single spatial dimension ensures that all electrons experience the same amount of precession in a parallel magnetic field, so that the full electrical current can be switched on and off. As an example, we calculate the magnetoconductance of a p-n interface in a HgTe quantum well and show how it can be used to measure the spin precession due to bulk inversion asymmetry.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, extended versio

    Reentrance effect in a graphene n-p-n junction coupled to a superconductor

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    We study the interplay of Klein tunneling (= interband tunneling) between n-doped and p-doped regions in graphene and Andreev reflection (= electron-hole conversion) at a superconducting electrode. The tunneling conductance of an n-p-n junction initially increases upon lowering the temperature, while the coherence time of the electron-hole pairs is still less than their lifetime, but then drops back again when the coherence time exceeds the lifetime. This reentrance effect, known from diffusive conductors and ballistic quantum dots, provides a method to detect phase coherent Klein tunneling of electron-hole pairs.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure