5,892 research outputs found

    SO(9) supergravity in two dimensions

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    We present maximal supergravity in two dimensions with gauge group SO(9). The construction is based on selecting the proper embedding of the gauge group into the infinite-dimensional symmetry group of the ungauged theory. The bosonic part of the Lagrangian is given by a (dilaton-)gravity coupled non-linear gauged sigma-model with Wess-Zumino term. We give explicit expressions for the fermionic sector, the Yukawa couplings and the scalar potential which supports a half-supersymmetric domain wall solution. The theory is expected to describe the low-energy effective action upon reduction on the D0-brane near-horizon warped AdS_2 x S^8 geometry, dual to the supersymmetric (BFSS) matrix quantum mechanics.Comment: 35 pages, 1 figur

    Spontaneous symmetry breaking by double lithium adsorption in polyacenes

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    We show that adsorption of one lithium atom to a polyacenes, i.e. chains of linearly fused benzene rings, will cause this chain to be slightly deformed. If we adsorb a second identical atom on the opposite side of the same ring, this deformation is dramatically enhanced despite of the fact, that a symmetric configuration seems possible. We argue, that this may be due to an instability of the Jahn-Teller type possibly indeed to a Peierls instability.Comment: 8 pages, 9 figure

    Matrix model holography

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    We set up the formalism of holographic renormalization for the matter-coupled two-dimensional maximal supergravity that captures the low-lying fluctuations around the non-conformal D0-brane near-horizon geometry. As an application we compute holographically one- and two-point functions of the BFSS matrix quantum mechanics and its supersymmetric SO(3)Ă—SO(6)SO(3)\times SO(6) deformation.Comment: 30 pages, 1 figure; v2: ten-dimensional interpretation of the deformed solution as the near-horizon limit of a distribution of D0 branes; version to appear in JHE

    Magnetic frustration and fractionalization in oligo(indenoindenes)

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    Poly(indenoindenes) are {\pi}-conjugated ladder carbon polymers with alternating hexagons and pentagons hosting one unpaired electron for each five-membered ring in the open-shell limit. Here we study the main magnetic interactions that are present in finite oligo(indenoindenes) (OInIn), classifying the six possible isomers in two different classes of three isomers each. One class can be rationalized by frustrated S = 1/2 Heisenberg chains, with ferromagnetic interactions between neighbour sites and antiferromagnetic interactions between the next neighbours. The other class is characterized by the more trivial antiferromagnetic order. Employing several levels of theory we further show that the ground state of one of the isomers is a valence-bond solid (VBS) of ferromagnetic dimers (S = 1). This is topologically similar to that of the Affleck-Kennedy-Lieb-Tasaki (AKLT) model, which is known to show fractional S = 1/2 states at the edges

    Spatial Holmboe instability

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    International audienceIn mixing-layers between two parallel streams of different densities, shear and gravity effects interplay; buoyancy acts as a restoring force and the Kelvin-Helmholtz mode is known to be stabilized by the stratification. If the density interface is sharp enough, two new instability modes, known as Holmboe modes, appear, propagating in opposite directions. This mechanism has been studied in the temporal instability framework. The present paper analyzes the associated spatial instability problem. It considers, in the Boussinesq approximation, two immiscible inviscid fluids with a piecewise linear broken-line velocity profile. We show how the classical scenario for transition between absolute and convective instability should be modified due to the presence of propagating waves. In the convective region, the spatial theory is relevant and the slowest propagating wave is shown to be the most spatially amplified, as suggested by intuition. Predictions of spatial linear theory are compared with mixing-layer [C.G. Koop and F.K. Browand, J. Fluid Mech. 93, 135 (1979)] and exchange flow [G. Pawlak and L. Armi, J. Fluid Mech. 376, 1 (1999)] experiments. The physical mechanism for Holmboe mode destabilization is analyzed via an asymptotic expansion that predicts the absolute instability domain at large Richardson number. © 2002 American Institute of Physics
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