236 research outputs found

    Distributed Weight Selection in Consensus Protocols by Schatten Norm Minimization

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    In average consensus protocols, nodes in a network perform an iterative weighted average of their estimates and those of their neighbors. The protocol converges to the average of initial estimates of all nodes found in the network. The speed of convergence of average consensus protocols depends on the weights selected on links (to neighbors). We address in this paper how to select the weights in a given network in order to have a fast speed of convergence for these protocols. We approximate the problem of optimal weight selection by the minimization of the Schatten p-norm of a matrix with some constraints related to the connectivity of the underlying network. We then provide a totally distributed gradient method to solve the Schatten norm optimization problem. By tuning the parameter p in our proposed minimization, we can simply trade-off the quality of the solution (i.e. the speed of convergence) for communication/computation requirements (in terms of number of messages exchanged and volume of data processed). Simulation results show that our approach provides very good performance already for values of p that only needs limited information exchange. The weight optimization iterative procedure can also run in parallel with the consensus protocol and form a joint consensus-optimization procedure.Comment: N° RR-8078 (2012

    How to Network in Online Social Networks

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    In this paper, we consider how to maximize users' influence in Online Social Networks (OSNs) by exploiting social relationships only. Our first contribution is to extend to OSNs the model of Kempe et al. [1] on the propagation of information in a social network and to show that a greedy algorithm is a good approximation of the optimal algorithm that is NP-hard. However, the greedy algorithm requires global knowledge, which is hardly practical. Our second contribution is to show on simulations on the full Twitter social graph that simple and practical strategies perform close to the greedy algorithm.Comment: NetSciCom 2014 - The Sixth IEEE International Workshop on Network Science for Communication Networks (2014

    Implicit Coordination of Caches in Small Cell Networks under Unknown Popularity Profiles

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    We focus on a dense cellular network, in which a limited-size cache is available at every Base Station (BS). In order to optimize the overall performance of the system in such scenario, where a significant fraction of the users is covered by several BSs, a tight coordination among nearby caches is needed. To this end, this pape introduces a class of simple and fully distributed caching policies, which require neither direct communication among BSs, nor a priori knowledge of content popularity. Furthermore, we propose a novel approximate analytical methodology to assess the performance of interacting caches under such policies. Our approach builds upon the well known characteristic time approximation and provides predictions that are surprisingly accurate (hardly distinguishable from the simulations) in most of the scenarios. Both synthetic and trace-driven results show that the our caching policies achieve excellent performance (in some cases provably optimal). They outperform state-of-the-art dynamic policies for interacting caches, and, in some cases, also the greedy content placement, which is known to be the best performing polynomial algorithm under static and perfectly-known content popularity profiles

    Similarity Caching: Theory and Algorithms

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    This paper focuses on similarity caching systems, in which a user request for an object o that is not in the cache can be (partially) satisfied by a similar stored object o 0 , at the cost of a loss of user utility. Similarity caching systems can be effectively employed in several application areas, like multimedia retrieval, recommender systems, genome study, and machine learning training/serving. However, despite their relevance, the behavior of such systems is far from being well understood. In this paper, we provide a first comprehensive analysis of similarity caching in the offline, adversarial, and stochastic settings. We show that similarity caching raises significant new challenges, for which we propose the first dynamic policies with some optimality guarantees. We evaluate the performance of our schemes under both synthetic and real request traces

    Elastic Provisioning of Cloud Caches: a Cost-aware TTL Approach

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    We consider elastic resource provisioning in the cloud, focusing on in-memory key-value stores used as caches. Our goal is to dynamically scale resources to the traffic pattern minimizing the overall cost, which includes not only the storage cost, but also the cost due to misses. In fact, a small variation on the cache miss ratio may have a significant impact on user perceived performance in modern web services, which in turn has an impact on the overall revenues for the content provider that uses those services. We propose and study a dynamic algorithm for TTL caches, which is able to obtain close-to-minimal costs. Since high-throughput caches require low complexity operations, we discuss a practical implementation of such a scheme requiring constant overhead per request independently from the cache size. We evaluate our solution with real-world traces collected from Akamai, and show that we are able to obtain a 17% decrease in the overall cost compared to a baseline static configuration

    A\c{C}AI: Ascent Similarity Caching with Approximate Indexes

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    Similarity search is a key operation in multimedia retrieval systems and recommender systems, and it will play an important role also for future machine learning and augmented reality applications. When these systems need to serve large objects with tight delay constraints, edge servers close to the end-user can operate as similarity caches to speed up the retrieval. In this paper we present A\c{C}AI, a new similarity caching policy which improves on the state of the art by using (i) an (approximate) index for the whole catalog to decide which objects to serve locally and which to retrieve from the remote server, and (ii) a mirror ascent algorithm to update the set of local objects with strong guarantees even when the request process does not exhibit any statistical regularity

    Complexity Analysis of Optimal Recharge Scheduling for Electric Vehicles

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    IEEE early access articleInternational audienceThe massive introduction of Electric Vehicles (EVs) will make fleet managers spend a significant amount of money to buy electric energy. If energy price changes over time, accurate scheduling of recharging times may result in significant savings. In this paper we evaluate the complexity of the optimal scheduling problem considering a scenario with a fleet manager having full knowledge of the customers’ traveling needs at the beginning of the scheduling horizon. We prove that the problem has polynomial complexity and provide complexity lower and upperbounds. Moreover, we propose an online sub-optimal scheduling heuristic that schedules the EVs’ recharge based on historical travelling data. We compare the performance of the optimal and sub-optimal methods to a benchmark online approach that does not rely on any prior knowledge of the customers’ requests, in order to evaluate whether the additional complexity required by the proposed strategies is worth the achieved economicadvantages. Numerical results show up to of 35% cost savings with respect to the benchmark approach
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