1,783 research outputs found

    Understanding Parton Distributions from Lattice QCD: Present Limitations and Future Promise

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    This talk will explain how ground state matrix elements specifying moments of quark density and spin distributions in the nucleon have been calculated in full QCD, show how physical extrapolation to the chiral limit including the physics of the pion cloud resolves previous apparent conflicts with experiment, and describe the computational resources required for a definitive comparison with experiment.Comment: Proceedings of Ferrara Workshop on the QCD Structure of the Nucleon 10 pages, 6 figure

    Insight into the Role of Instantons and their Zero Modes from Lattice QCD

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    Evidence from lattice QCD calculations is presented showing that instantons and their associated zero modes play a major role in the physics of light hadrons and the propagation of light quarks in the QCD vacuum.Comment: Proceedings of KEK Tanashi Symposium. 8 pages LaTe

    Understanding Hadron Structure Using Lattice QCD

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    Numerical evaluation of the path integral for QCD on a discrete space-time lattice has been used to calculate ground state matrix elements specifying moments of quark density and spin distributions. This talk will explain how these matrix elements have been calculated in full QCD using dynamical quarks, show how physical extrapolation to the chiral limit including the physics of the pion cloud resolves previous apparent conflicts with experiment, and describe the computational resources required for a definitive comparison with experiment.Comment: 8 pages, 7 figures, using BoxedEPS and espcrc1 macros; Invited Talk at Third International Conference on Perspectives in Hadronic Physics, Trieste; email correspondenc to [email protected]

    Incommensurate nematic fluctuations in the two-dimensional Hubbard model

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    We analyze effective d-wave interactions in the two-dimensional extended Hubbard model at weak coupling and small to moderate doping. The interactions are computed from a renormalization group flow. Attractive d-wave interactions are generated via antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations in the pairing and charge channels. Above Van Hove filling, the d-wave charge interaction is maximal at incommensurate diagonal wave vectors, corresponding to nematic fluctuations with a diagonal modulation. Below Van Hove filling a modulation along the crystal axes can be favored. The nematic fluctuations are enhanced by the nearest-neighbor interaction in the extended Hubbard model, but they always remain smaller than the dominant antiferromagnetic, pairing, or charge density wave fluctuations.Comment: 8 pages, 4 figures; figures improve

    Particle number fluctuations and correlations in transfer reactions obtained using the Balian-V\'en\'eroni variational principle

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    The Balian-V\'en\'eroni (BV) variational principle, which optimizes the evolution of the state according to the relevant observable in a given variational space, is used at the mean-field level to determine the particle number fluctuations in fragments of many-body systems. For fermions, the numerical evaluation of such fluctuations requires the use of a time-dependent Hartree-Fock (TDHF) code. Proton, neutron and total nucleon number fluctuations in fragments produced in collisions of two 40Ca are computed for a large range of angular momenta at a center of mass energy E_cm=128 MeV, well above the fusion barrier. For deep-inelastic collisions, the fluctuations calculated from the BV variational principle are much larger than standard TDHF results, and closer to mass and charge experimental fluctuations. For the first time, correlations between proton and neutron numbers are determined within a quantum microscopic approach. These correlations are shown to be larger with exotic systems where charge equilibration occurs.Comment: Accepted for publication in Phys. Rev. Lett. New version with more detailed comparison with experimental data and prediction for exotic beam
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