62,047 research outputs found

    Hand-tightened, high-pressure seal

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    To provide flared tubing and hose connections for high-pressure hand tightened cryogenic service, a 1/4-inch male AN seal was modified by machining to receive a special, double-truncated-cone-shaped Kel-F washer between it and the flared flex hose connector

    Development of advanced fuel cell system (phase 4)

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    For abstract, see N76-23686

    Ferromagnetism within the periodic Anderson model: A new approximation scheme

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    We introduce a new approach to the periodic Anderson model (PAM) that allows a detailed investigation of the magnetic properties in the Kondo as well as the intermediate valence regime. Our method is based on an exact mapping of the PAM onto an effective medium strong-coupling Hubbard model. For the latter, the so-called spectral density approach (SDA) is rather well motivated since it is based on exact results in the strong coupling limit. Besides the T=0 phase diagram, magnetization curves and Curie temperatures are presented and discussed with help of temperature-dependent quasiparticle densities of state. In the intermediate valence regime, the hybridization gap plays a major role in determining the magnetic behaviour. Furthermore, our results indicate that ferromagnetism in this parameter regime is not induced by an effective spin-spin interaction between the localized levels mediated by conduction electrons as it is the case in the Kondo regime. The magnetic ordering is rather a single band effect within an effective f-band.Comment: 13 pages, 16 figures, Phys. Stat. Sol. in pres

    Low density approach to the Kondo-lattice model

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    We propose a new approach to the (ferromagnetic) Kondo-lattice model in the low density region, where the model is thought to give a reasonable frame work for manganites with perovskite structure exhibiting the "colossal magnetoresistance" -effect. Results for the temperature- dependent quasiparticle density of states are presented. Typical features can be interpreted in terms of elementary spin-exchange processes between itinerant conduction electrons and localized moments. The approach is exact in the zero bandwidth limit for all temperatures and at T=0 for arbitrary bandwidths, fulfills exact high-energy expansions and reproduces correctly second order perturbation theory in the exchange coupling.Comment: 11 pages, 7 figures, accepted by PR

    First- and Second Order Phase Transitions in the Holstein-Hubbard Model

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    We investigate metal-insulator transitions in the Holstein-Hubbard model as a function of the on-site electron-electron interaction U and the electron-phonon coupling g. We use several different numerical methods to calculate the phase diagram, the results of which are in excellent agreement. When the electron-electron interaction U is dominant the transition is to a Mott-insulator; when the electron-phonon interaction dominates, the transition is to a localised bipolaronic state. In the former case, the transition is always found to be second order. This is in contrast to the transition to the bipolaronic state, which is clearly first order for larger values of U. We also present results for the quasiparticle weight and the double-occupancy as function of U and g.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figure

    Effects of Crust Ingestion on Mixer Pump Performance in Tank

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    In August 1999, a workshop was held at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to discuss the effects of crust ingestion on mixer pump performance in Hanford Waste Tank 241-SY-101. The main purpose of the workshop was to evaluate the potential for crust ingestion to degrade mixing and/or damage the mixer pump. The need for a previously determined 12-inch separation between the top of the mixer pump inlet and the crust base was evaluated. Participants included a representative from the pump manufacturer, an internationally known expert in centrifugal pump theory, Hanford scientists and engineers, and operational specialists representing relevant fields of expertise. The workshop focused on developing an understanding of the pump design, addressing the physics of entrainment of solids and gases into the pump, and assessing the effects of solids and gases on pump performance. The major conclusions are summarized as follows: * Entrainment of a moderate amount of solids or gas from the crust should not damage the pump or reduce its lifetime, though mixing effectiveness will be somewhat reduced. * Air binding should not damage the pump. Vibration due to ingestion of gas, solids, and objects potentially could cause radial loads that might reduce the lifetime of bearings and seals. However, significant damage would require extreme conditions not associated with the small bubbles, fine solids, and chunks of relatively weak material typical of the crust. * The inlet duct extension opening, 235 inches from the tank bottom, should be considered the pump inlet, not the small gap at 262 inches. * A suction vortex exists at the inlet of all pumps. The characteristics of the inlet suction vortex in the mixer pump are very hard to predict, but its effects likely extend upward several feet. Because of this, the current 12-inch limit should be replaced with criteria based on actual monitored pump performance. The most obvious criterion (in addition to current operational constraints) is to monitor discharge pressure and cease pump operation if it falls below a predetermined amount. * There are no critically necessary tests to prove pump operability or performance before initiating the transfer and back-dilution sequence

    Atomic Transport in Dense, Multi-Component Metallic Liquids

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    Pd43Ni10Cu27P0 has been investigated in its equilibrium liquid state with incoherent, inelastic neutron scattering. As compared to simple liquids, liquid PdNiCuP is characterized by a dense packing with a packing fraction above 0.5. The intermediate scattering function exhibits a fast relaxation process that precedes structural relaxation. Structural relaxation obeys a time-temperature superposition that extends over a temperature range of 540K. The mode-coupling theory of the liquid to glass transition (MCT) gives a consistent description of the dynamics which governs the mass transport in liquid PdNiCuP alloys. MCT scaling laws extrapolate to a critical temperature Tc at about 20% below the liquidus temperature. Diffusivities derived from the mean relaxation times compare well with Co diffusivities from recent tracer diffusion measurements and diffsuivities calculated from viscosity via the Stokes-Einstein relation. In contrast to simple metallic liquids, the atomic transport in dense, liquid PdNiCuP is characterized by a drastical slowing down of dynamics on cooling, a q^{-2} dependence of the mean relaxation times at intermediate q and a vanishing isotope effect as a result of a highly collective transport mechanism. At temperatures as high as 2Tc diffusion in liquid PdNiCuP is as fast as in simple liquids at the melting point. However, the difference in the underlying atomic transport mechanism indicates that the diffusion mechanism in liquids is not controlled by the value of the diffusivity but rather by that of the packing fraction
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