160 research outputs found

    Electromagnetic properties of diquarks

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    Diquark correlations play an important role in hadron physics. The properties of diquarks can be obtained from the corresponding bound state equation. Using a model for the effective quark-quark interaction that has proved successful in the light meson sector, we solve the scalar diquark Bethe-Salpeter equations and use the obtained Bethe-Salpeter amplitudes to compute the diquarks' electromagnetic form factors. The scalar ud diquark charge radius is about 8% larger than the pion charge radius, indicating that these diquarks are somewhat larger in size than the corresponding mesons. We also provide analytic fits for the form factor over a moderate range in Q^2, which may be useful, for example, in building quark-diquark models of nucleons.Comment: 11 pages, 3 .eps figures, minor corrections in table and figure, no change in conclusion

    Quarkonium as relativistic bound state on the light front

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    We study charmonium and bottomonium as relativistic bound states in a light-front quantized Hamiltonian formalism. The effective Hamiltonian is based on light-front holography. We use a recently proposed longitudinal confinement to complete the soft-wall holographic potential for the heavy flavors. The spin structure is generated from the one-gluon exchange interaction with a running coupling. The adoption of asymptotic freedom improves the spectroscopy compared with previous light-front results. Within this model, we compute the mass spectroscopy, decay constants and the r.m.s. radii. We also present a detailed study of the obtained light-front wave functions and use the wave functions to compute the light-cone distributions, specifically the distribution amplitudes and parton distribution functions. Overall, our model provides a reasonable description of the heavy quarkonia.Comment: 28 pages, 17 figures, 5 tables. Supplemental Materials are provided in the source file under "Other formats" (see also "Ancillary files"

    Non-perturbative quantum time evolution on the light-front

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    This paper introduces "time-dependent basis light-front quantization", which is a covariant, nonperturbative, and first principles numerical approach to time-dependent problems in quantum field theory. We demonstrate this approach by evaluating photon emission from an electron in a strong, time and space dependent external field. We study the acceleration of the electron in combination with the evolution of the invariant mass of the electron-photon system, in real time and at the amplitude level. Successive excitations of the electron-photon system are evident.Comment: 7 pages, 3 figures. To appear in Physics Letters
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