279 research outputs found

    A Curvature Principle for the interaction between universes

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    We propose a Curvature Principle to describe the dynamics of interacting universes in a multi-universe scenario and show, in the context of a simplified model, how interaction drives the cosmological constant of one of the universes toward a vanishingly small value. We also conjecture on how the proposed Curvature Principle suggests a solution for the entropy paradox of a universe where the cosmological constant vanishes.Comment: Essay selected for an honorable mention by the Gravity Research Foundation, 2007. Plain latex, 8 page

    Cosmological Solutions of Higher-Curvature String Effective Theories with Dilatons

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    We study the effect of higher-curvature terms in the string low-energy effective actions on the cosmological solutions of the theory, up to corrections quartic in the curvatures, for the bosonic and heterotic strings as well as the type II superstring. We find that cosmological solutions exist for all string types but they always disappear when the dilaton field is included, a conclusion that can be avoided if string-loop effects are taken into account.Comment: 7 pages, plain Tex with panda.tex macro (included), no figure

    Supergravity Inflation on the Brane

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    We study N=1 Supergravity inflation in the context of the braneworld scenario. Particular attention is paid to the problem of the onset of inflation at sub-Planckian field values and the ensued inflationary observables. We find that the so-called η\eta-problem encountered in supergravity inspired inflationary models can be solved in the context of the braneworld scenario, for some range of the parameters involved. Furthermore, we obtain an upper bound on the scale of the fifth dimension, M_5 \lsim 10^{-3} M_P, in case the inflationary potential is quadratic in the inflaton field, ϕ\phi. If the inflationary potential is cubic in ϕ\phi, consistency with observational data requires that M5≃9.2×10−4MPM_5 \simeq 9.2 \times 10^{-4} M_P.Comment: 6 pages, 1 figure, to appear in Phys. Rev.

    Primordial Density Fluctuations in a Dual Supergravity Cosmology

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    We analyse the spectrum of energy density fluctuations of a dual supergravity model where the dilaton and the moduli are stabilized and sucessful inflation is achieved inside domain walls that separate different vacua of the theory. Constraints on the parameters of the superpotential are derived from the amplitude of the primordial energy density fluctuations as inferred from COBE and it is shown that the scale dependence of the tensor perturbations nearly vanishes.Comment: 13 pages, Latex, 3 figures (uses epsf.sty

    General cosmological features of the Einstein-Yang-Mills-dilaton system in string theories

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    We establish the main features of homogeneous and isotropic dilaton, metric and Yang-Mills field configurations in a cosmological framework. Special attention is paid to the energy exchange between the dilaton and the Yang-Mills field and, in particular, a new energy exchange term is identified. Implications for the Polonyi problem in 4-dimensional string models and in dynamical supersymmetry breaking scenarios are discussed.We establish the main features of homogeneous and isotropic dilation, metric and Yang-Mills field configurations in a cosmological framework. We discuss the way inflationary solutions can be obtained for a quadratic dilaton potential. Special attention is paid to the energy exchange between the dilaton and the Yang-Mills field and, in particular, a new energy exchange term is identified which may lead to a possible solution of the Polonyi problem in 4-dimensional string models and in dynamical supersymmetry breaking scenarios.We establish the main features of homogeneous and isotropic dilaton, metric and Yang-Mills field configurations in a cosmological framework. Special attention is paid to the energy exchange between the dilaton and the Yang-Mills field and, in particular, a new energy exchange term is identified. Implications for the Polonyi problem in 4-dimensional string models and in dynamical supersymmetry breaking scenarios are discussed

    Variable Modified Chaplygin Gas and Accelerating Universe

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    In this letter, I have proposed a model of variable modified Chaplygin gas and shown its role in accelerating phase of the universe. I have shown that the equation of state of this model is valid from the radiation era to quiessence model. The graphical representations of statefinder parameters characterize different phase of evolution of the universe. All results presented in the letter concerns the case k=0k=0.Comment: 7 Latex pages, 5 figures, revtex styl

    Role of Modified Chaplygin Gas as a Dark Energy Model in Collapsing Spherically Symmetric Cloud

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    In this work, gravitational collapse of a spherical cloud, consists of both dark matter and dark energy in the form of modified Chaplygin gas is studied. It is found that dark energy alone in the form of modified Chaplygin gas forms black hole. Also when both components of the fluid are present then the collapse favors the formation of black hole in cases the dark energy dominates over dark matter. The conclusion is totally opposite to the usually known results.Comment: 7 Latex Pages, RexTex style, No figure

    Topological Inflation in Dual Superstring Models

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    We study the possibility of obtaining inflationary solutions from S-dual superstring potentials. We find, in particular, that such solutions occur at the core of domain walls separating degenerate minima whose positions differ by modular transformations.Comment: 12 pages, uuencoded gzipped tar format, Latex, 2 figure

    The electromagnetic coupling and the dark side of the Universe

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    We examine the properties of dark energy and dark matter through the study of the variation of the electromagnetic coupling. For concreteness, we consider the unification model of dark energy and dark matter, the generalized Chaplygin gas model (GCG), characterized by the equation of state p=−Aραp=-\frac{A}{\rho^\alpha}, where pp is the pressure, ρ\rho is the energy density and AA and α\alpha are positive constants. The coupling of electromagnetism with the GCG's scalar field can give rise to such a variation. We compare our results with experimental data, and find that the degeneracy on parameters α\alpha and AsA_s, As≡A/ρch01+αA_s \equiv A / \rho_{ch0}^{1+\alpha}, is considerable.Comment: Revtex 4, 5 pages and 5 figure

    The Abell Cluster A586 and the Detection of the Equivalence Principle

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    We discuss the current bounds on the Equivalence Principle, in particular from structure formation and, reexamine in this context, the recent claim on the evidence of the interaction between dark matter and dark energy in the Abell Cluster A586 and the ensued violation of the Equivalence Principle.Comment: 9 pages, 2 Figures. GRG forma
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