7,138 research outputs found

    Critical vortex line length near a zigzag of pinning centers

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    A vortex line passes through as many pinning centers as possible on its way from one extremety of the superconductor to the other at the expense of increasing its self-energy. In the framework of the Ginzburg-Landau theory we study the relative growth in length, with respect to the straight line, of a vortex near a zigzag of defects. The defects are insulating pinning spheres that form a three-dimensional cubic array embedded in the superconductor. We determine the depinning transition beyond which the vortex line no longer follows the critical zigzag path of defects.Comment: 8 pages, 25 figures with low resolution option, 1 table. To be published in Eur. Phys. Jour.

    Boundary Value Problems for the 2nd2^{nd}-order Seiberg-Witten Equations

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    It is shown that the non-homogeneous Dirichlet and Neuman problems for the 2nd2^{nd}-order Seiberg-Witten equation admit a regular solution once the H\mathcal{H}-condition (described in the article) is satisfied. The approach consist in applying the elliptic techniques to the variational setting of the Seiberg-Witten equation.Comment: 19 page

    Effects of boundaries in mesoscopic superconductors

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    A thin superconducting disk, with radius R=4ξR=4\xi and height H=ξH=\xi, is studied in the presence of an applied magnetic field parallel to its major axis. We study how the boundaries influence the decay of the order parameter near the edges for three-dimensional vortex states.Comment: To appear in Physica C as a special issue of M2S-HTS

    Weyl states and Fermi arcs in parabolic bands

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    Weyl fermions are shown to exist inside a parabolic band, where the kinetic energy of carriers is given by the non-relativistic Schroedinger equation. There are Fermi arcs as a direct consequence of the folding of a ring shaped Fermi surface inside the first Brillouin zone. Our results stem from the decomposition of the kinetic energy into the sum of the square of the Weyl state, the coupling to the local magnetic field and the Rashba interaction. The Weyl fermions break the time and reflection symmetries present in the kinetic energy, thus allowing for the onset of a weak three-dimensional magnetic field around the layer. This field brings topological stability to the current carrying states through a Chern number. In the special limit that the Weyl state becomes gapless this magnetic interaction is shown to be purely attractive, thus suggesting the onset of a superconducting condensate of zero helicity states

    Effect of the boundary condition on the vortex patterns in mesoscopic three-dimensional superconductors - disk and sphere

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    The vortex state of mesoscopic three-dimensional superconductors is determined using a minimization procedure of the Ginzburg-Landau free energy. We obtain the vortex pattern for a mesoscopic superconducting sphere and find that vortex lines are naturally bent and are closest to each other at the equatorial plane. For a superconducting disk with finite height, and under an applied magnetic field perpendicular to its major surface, we find that our method gives results consistent with previous calculations. The matching fields, the magnetization and Hc3H_{c3}, are obtained for models that differ according to their boundary properties. A change of the Ginzburg-Landau parameters near the surface can substantially enhance Hc3H_{c3} as shown here.Comment: 7 pages, 4 figures (low resolution

    Plasma Waves in Anisotropic Superconducting Films Below and Above the Plasma Frequency

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    We consider wave propagation inside an anisotropic superconducting film sandwiched between two semi-infinite non-conducting bounding dieletric media such that along the c-axis, perpendicular to the surfaces, there is a plasma frequency ωp\omega_p below the superconducting gap. Propagation is assumed to be parallel to the surfaces in the dielectric medium, where amplitudes decay exponentially.Below ωp\omega_p, the amplitude also evanesces inside the film, and we retrieve the experimentally measured lower dispersion relation branch, ωβ\omega \propto \sqrt{\beta}, and the recently proposed higher frequency branch, ω1/β\omega \propto 1/\sqrt{\beta}.Above ωp\omega_p, propagation is of the guided wave type, i.e., a dispersive plane wave confined inside the film that reflects into the dielectric interfaces,and the modes are approximately described by ωωp1+(β/β0)2\omega \approx \omega_p \sqrt{ 1+ (\beta/\beta_0)^2}, where β0\beta_0 is discussed here.Comment: 26 pages,4 figures.Submitte