2,169 research outputs found

    Holographic analysis of diffraction structure factors

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    We combine the theory of inside-source/inside-detector x-ray fluorescence holography and Kossel lines/x ray standing waves in kinematic approximation to directly obtain the phases of the diffraction structure factors. The influence of Kossel lines and standing waves on holography is also discussed. We obtain partial phase determination from experimental data obtaining the sign of the real part of the structure factor for several reciprocal lattice vectors of a vanadium crystal.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, submitte

    Large enhancement of radiative strength for soft transisitons in the quasicontinuum

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    Radiative strength functions (RSFs) for the 56,57-Fe nuclei below the separation energy are obtained from the 57-Fe(3-He,alpha gamma)56-Fe and 57-Fe(3-He,3-He' gamma)57-Fe reactions, respectively. An enhancement of more than a factor of ten over common theoretical models of the soft (E_gamma ~< 2 MeV) RSF for transitions in the quasicontinuum (several MeV above the yrast line) is observed. Two-step cascade intensities with soft primary transitions from the 56-Fe(n,2gamma)57-Fe reaction confirm the enhancement.Comment: 4 pages including 3 figure

    Nuclear level densities and gamma-ray strength functions in 44,45Sc

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    The scandium isotopes 44,45Sc have been studied with the 45Sc(3He,alpha gamma)44Sc and 45Sc(3He,3He' gamma)45Sc reactions, respectively. The nuclear level densities and gamma-ray strength functions have been extracted using the Oslo method. The experimental level densities are compared to calculated level densities obtained from a microscopic model based on BCS quasiparticles within the Nilsson level scheme. This model also gives information about the parity distribution and the number of broken Cooper pairs as a function of excitation energy. The experimental gamma-ray strength functions are compared to theoretical models of the E1, M1, and E2 strength, and to data from (gamma,n) and (gamma,p) experiments. The strength functions show an enhancement at low gamma energies that cannot be explained by the present, standard models.Comment: 21 pages, 13 figures. Published versio

    Fostering European Collaborations: EUFRAT and work done at the accelerator facilities of JRC-IRMM

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    The European Commission via the General Directorate RTD in its different Framework Programs supported collaborations of member state institutions dealing with nuclear data. The projects EFNUDAT, ERINDA, CHANDA and EUFRAT all have in common Transnational Access Activities (TAA) to partner institutions. Within the past 10 years the collaborations have grown and in CHANDA now 35 partners are involved of which 16 offer TAA to their facilities. Since June 2014 JRC-IRMM, one of the driving forces behind the TAA, launched its own TAA project EUFRAT to foster collaborations with member states institutions. The calls for proposals are open ended with a deadline twice a year. A Project Advisory Committee discusses the proposals and decides on about approval. Financial support is given to approved proposals for two scientists. So far two calls have been evaluated with a request for access totalling more than 5000 h. Examples of proposals at the accelerator facilities at the JRC-IRMM are presented showing the multitude of possibilities using the nuclear facilities at the JRC-IRMM

    Thermal and electromagnetic properties of 166-Er and 167-Er

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    The primary gamma-ray spectra of 166-Er and 167-Er are deduced from the (3-He,alpha gamma) and (3-He,3-He' gamma) reaction, respectively, enabling a simultaneous extraction of the level density and the gamma-ray strength function. Entropy, temperature and heat capacity are deduced from the level density within the micro-canonical and the canonical ensemble, displaying signals of a phase-like transition from the pair-correlated ground state to an uncorrelated state at Tc=0.5 MeV. The gamma-ray strength function displays a bump around E-gamma=3 MeV, interpreted as the pygmy resonance.Comment: 21 pages including 2 tables and 11 figure

    Photon strength distributions in stable even-even molybdenum isotopes

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    Electromagnetic dipole-strength distributions up to the particle separation energies are studied for the stable even-even nuclides 92,94,96,98,100^{92,94,96,98,100}Mo in photon scattering experiments at the superconducting electron accelerator ELBE of the Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf. The influence of inelastic transitions to low-lying excited states has been corrected by a simulation of γ\gamma cascades using a statistical model. After corrections for branching ratios of ground-state transitions, the photon-scattering cross-sections smoothly connect to data obtained from (γ,n)(\gamma,n)-reactions. With the newly determined electromagnetic dipole response of nuclei well below the particle separation energies the parametrisation of the isovector giant-dipole resonance is done with improved precision.Comment: Proceedings Nuclear Physics in Astrophysics 3, March 2007, Dresden Journal of Physics G, IOP Publishin

    Level densities and γ\gamma-strength functions in 148,149^{148,149}Sm

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    The level densities and γ\gamma-strength functions of the weakly deformed 148^{148}Sm and 149^{149}Sm nuclei have been extracted. The temperature versus excitation energy curve, derived within the framework of the micro canonical ensemble, shows structures, which we associate with the break up of Cooper pairs. The nuclear heat capacity is deduced within the framework of both the micro canonical and the canonical ensemble. We observe negative heat capacity in the micro canonical ensemble whereas the canonical heat capacity exhibits an S-shape as function of temperature, both signals of a phase transition. The structures in the γ\gamma-strength functions are discussed in terms of the pygmy resonance and the scissors mode built on exited states. The samarium results are compared with data for the well deformed 161,162^{161,162}Dy, 166,167^{166,167}Er and 171,172^{171,172}Yb isotopes and with data from (n,γ\gamma)-experiments and giant dipole resonance studies.Comment: 12 figure

    Encoded physics knowledge in checking codes for nuclear cross section libraries at Los Alamos

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    Checking procedures for processed nuclear data at Los Alamos are described. Both continuous energy and multi-group nuclear data are verified by locally developed checking codes which use basic physics knowledge and common-sense rules. A list of nuclear data problems which have been identified with help of these checking codes is also given